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Anyango J.J.,Kenya Agricultural Research Institute | Wambugu F.M.,Kenya Agricultural Research Institute | Nkanya J.,Ministry of Agriculture | Kyalo G.,Horticultural Crop Development Authority | Onyango C.,Kenya Industrial Research Development Institute
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2010

A five-year project aimed to improve smallholders' income and food security through dissemination of suitable crop technologies was conducted in eight districts in the Eastern Province of Kenya. The Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) introduced new tissue culture (TC) banana (Musa spp.) cultivars and trained farmers through farmer field schools. On-farm trials evaluated TC cultivars which were then chosen using farmers' own selection criteria. TC banana hardening nurseries were also established in some selected locations. The Horticultural Crop Development Authority (HCDA) on the other hand assisted farmer groups when signing marketing contracts with exporters and introduced them to genuine contractors. It also regularly disseminated market price data, developed production and business plans, assisted with construction of produce collection and grading sheds, sanitation, and watering points, and trained on marketing skills and good agricultural practices (GAP). Training and field demonstrations by the Kenya Industrial Research Development Institute (KIRDI) aimed at increasing produce value and shelf-life to attract better prices and reduce postharvest losses, and helping identify value addition technologies at affordable prices. KARDI also liaised with the private sector for replication of prototypes, and training on the maintenance and installation of processing equipment. The success of technology uptake in the project was evaluated through field surveys, which indicated increased demand for TC banana as an enterprise with larger acreage registered amongst farmer group members. Positive impacts by the end of the project were farmers' abilities to choose preferred TC cultivars, increased income, improved living standards and less need for food aid. Other positive outcomes included improved and timely loan repayments by growers, less exposure to pesticides and lower labor demand.

Ayieko M.A.,P.A. College | Obonyo G.O.,Maseno University | Odhiambo J.A.,Kenya Industrial Research Development Institute | Ogweno P.L.,Kenya Industrial Research Development Institute | And 2 more authors.
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology | Year: 2011

Entomophagy is now a growing industry in many parts of the world especially in the developing countries. Entrepreneurs in several parts of the world are making edible insects both palatable and marketable for income generation. The traditional use of insects as food continues to be widespread in tropical and subtropical countries and to provide significant nutritional, economic and ecological benefits for rural communities. Consumption of insects is considered to be a more efficient use of the world's resources to feed the growing population. Insect consumption is growing in many parts of the world and the winged termite in particular is consumed widely in various part of East Africa especially in the western part of Kenya. The traditional methods of collecting these termites vary considerably from one region to another. This paper highlights the indigenous ways of collecting Macrotermes subhylanus locally known as Agoro in the Lake Victoria region. The method was developed by integrating modern technology and the indigenous technological knowledge. The variation in the yield of the sample of Agoro mounds selected and the traps used are presented and discussed. © Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2011.

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