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Owensboro, KY, United States

Kentucky Wesleyan College is a private Methodist college in Owensboro, a city on the Ohio River, in the U.S. state of Kentucky. KWC is east of Evansville, Indiana, north of Nashville, Tennessee, west of Louisville, Kentucky, and east of St. Louis, Missouri. Daviess County is home to 94,000 residents.Kentucky Wesleyan College is known for its liberal arts programs. Fall 2014 enrollment was 716 students. http://www.kwc.edu Wikipedia.

Wolt R.C.,Texas A&M University | Finerty S.E.,Kentucky Wesleyan College | Davis R.W.,Texas A&M University
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology | Year: 2014

The behavior of sea otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) with dependent pups was observed between May and August of 2005-2010 in Simpson Bay, Alaska using focal follows and instantaneous sampling. Six behaviors (foraging, grooming, resting, swimming, swimming slowly and interacting) were recorded during four, 6-h time periods (dawn [05:00-11:00], day [11:00-17:00], dusk [17:00-23:00] and night [23:00-05:00]) to create a 24-h activity budget. Overall, 1190 focal follows were conducted for a total of 595h. Females with dependent pups spent the greatest percentage of the day resting (42%), about equal percentages foraging (18%), grooming (15%), swimming (15%), swimming slowly (8%) and interacting (2%). Field Metabolic Rate (FMR) was estimated by using the oxygen consumption (mlO2min-1kg-1) for each behavior for captive otters (Yeates et al., 2007). The estimated FMR for females with a dependent pup was 12.69MJday-1 with the following absolute and percentage allocations for each behavior: foraging 2.38 (19%), grooming 2.70 (21%), resting 3.42 (27%), swimming 2.64 (21%), swimming slowly 1.25 (10%) and interacting 0.3 (2%). The estimated weight specific FMR was 601kJday-1kg-1, similar to that reported for territorial males in the same area. The sea otter population in Simpson Bay has been stable for at least the last 12years. It would follow then that the time spent foraging might be similar to other areas where the population is stable, but this is not the case. In Simpson Bay, the time spent foraging is more similar to areas that have been recently occupied. The relatively small amount of time spent foraging may indicate that geographic differences (structure of the near-shore community: substrate, water depth, kelp canopy, prey assemblage, and competitors) may play a greater role in determining the amount of time spent foraging than population status. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Mott C.L.,Kentucky Wesleyan College | Maret T.J.,Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania
Copeia | Year: 2011

We observed agonistic behavior among larval Ambystoma opacum, A. jeffersonianum, and A. maculatum in intra- and interspecific pairwise comparisons to determine if sympatric species exhibit unique behavioral responses to the presence of con- or heterospecific larvae, if they respond similarly to variation in competitor size, and if species identity is a reliable predictor of predation and cannibalism versus strictly nonlethal competitive interactions as an outcome of larval aggression. Each species exhibited a unique suite of behavioral responses associated with species and competitor size. Ambystoma opacum displayed high levels of aggression, most often towards conspecifics, but these behaviors rarely resulted in predation. Conversely, A. jeffersonianum displayed aggression frequently and often consumed both con- and heterospecific larvae. Furthermore, this species did not reduce aggression even in the presence of larger larvae. Ambystoma maculatum displayed relatively low levels of aggression under most circumstances. We conclude that these characteristic responses are associated with species-specific morphological and developmental features and the temporally staggered pattern in which these species appear in ponds. These observations highlight the importance of these traits to behavioral divergence among ecologically similar taxa occurring in sympatry. © 2011 by the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists.

Webber D.M.,University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign | Tishchenko V.,University of Kentucky | Peng Q.,Boston University | Battu S.,University of Kentucky | And 31 more authors.
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2011

We report a measurement of the positive muon lifetime to a precision of 1.0 ppm; it is the most precise particle lifetime ever measured. The experiment used a time-structured, low-energy muon beam and a segmented plastic scintillator array to record more than 2×1012 decays. Two different stopping target configurations were employed in independent data-taking periods. The combined results give τμ+(MuLan)=2196980.3(2.2)ps, more than 15 times as precise as any previous experiment. The muon lifetime gives the most precise value for the Fermi constant: GF(MuLan)=1.1663788(7) ×10-5GeV-2 (0.6 ppm). It is also used to extract the μ-p singlet capture rate, which determines the proton's weak induced pseudoscalar coupling gP. © 2011 American Physical Society.

Mott C.L.,Southern Illinois University Carbondale | Mott C.L.,Kentucky Wesleyan College | Bloomquist C.K.,Southern Illinois University Carbondale | Bloomquist C.K.,U.S. Department of Agriculture | Nielsen C.K.,Southern Illinois University Carbondale
Mammalian Biology | Year: 2011

Despite the ubiquity of denning as a natural history strategy among terrestrial vertebrates, little is known regarding basic patterns of within-den behavior, how such patterns are influenced by demographic and environmental parameters, or how within-den behavioral repertoires relate to activities performed in external environments. Den usage is believed to facilitate increased expression of behaviors that compromise fitness in external environments, though empirical data validating these assumptions are generally lacking. Relative isolation from external light cues within dens has been linked to temporal patterns of den use, yet few studies examine associations between photoperiod and rhythmicity strictly for within-den behavior. Also, for denning species with relatively equivalent parental investment, conclusions regarding sex-specific behavior have been equivocal, and no studies have examined potential segregation of parental activity within dens. We videorecorded 1506. h of within-den activity from 23 beaver (Castor canadensis) colonies and characterized behavioral patterns based on sex and age over daily and monthly intervals. Within-den time-activity budgets were equivalent among male and female adult beavers, with feeding, sleeping, allogrooming, and individual grooming accounting for more than 95% of all recorded behaviors. Behavioral repertoires within dens exhibited distinct seasonality and were influenced by temporal variation in external conditions associated with food availability, indicating linkages between activities within and outside of dens. Lastly, beaver age classes varied considerably in their associations between diel activity patterns and photoperiod, with adults and kits exhibiting single and multiple sleep-wake cycles, respectively. © 2010 Gesellschaft für Säugetierkunde.

Elsouhag D.,University of Detroit Mercy | Elsouhag D.,Baker College | Arnetz B.,Wayne State University | Arnetz B.,Uppsala University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health | Year: 2015

Arab migrants—both immigrants and refugees—are exposed to pre- and post- migration stressors increasing their risk for health problems. Little is known, however, about rates of, or factors associated with, healthcare utilization among these two groups. A sample of 590 participants were interviewed approximately 1 year post-migration to the United States. Factors associated with healthcare utilization, including active and passive coping strategies, were examined using logistic regressions. Compared to national healthcare utilization data, immigrants had significantly lower, and refugees had significantly higher rates of healthcare utilization. Being a refugee, being married, and having health insurance were significantly associated with medical service utilization. Among refugees, less use of psychological services was associated with the use of medications and having problem-focused (active) strategies for dealing with stress. Healthcare utilization was significantly higher among refugees, who also reported a greater need for services than did immigrants. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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