Kentucky Wesleyan College is a private Methodist college in Owensboro, a city on the Ohio River, in the U.S. state of Kentucky. KWC is east of Evansville, Indiana, north of Nashville, Tennessee, west of Louisville, Kentucky, and east of St. Louis, Missouri. Daviess County is home to 94,000 residents.Kentucky Wesleyan College is known for its liberal arts programs. Fall 2014 enrollment was 716 students. http://www.kwc.edu Wikipedia.
Wolt R.C.,Texas A&M University |
Finerty S.E.,Kentucky Wesleyan College |
Davis R.W.,Texas A&M University
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology | Year: 2014
The behavior of sea otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) with dependent pups was observed between May and August of 2005-2010 in Simpson Bay, Alaska using focal follows and instantaneous sampling. Six behaviors (foraging, grooming, resting, swimming, swimming slowly and interacting) were recorded during four, 6-h time periods (dawn [05:00-11:00], day [11:00-17:00], dusk [17:00-23:00] and night [23:00-05:00]) to create a 24-h activity budget. Overall, 1190 focal follows were conducted for a total of 595h. Females with dependent pups spent the greatest percentage of the day resting (42%), about equal percentages foraging (18%), grooming (15%), swimming (15%), swimming slowly (8%) and interacting (2%). Field Metabolic Rate (FMR) was estimated by using the oxygen consumption (mlO2min-1kg-1) for each behavior for captive otters (Yeates et al., 2007). The estimated FMR for females with a dependent pup was 12.69MJday-1 with the following absolute and percentage allocations for each behavior: foraging 2.38 (19%), grooming 2.70 (21%), resting 3.42 (27%), swimming 2.64 (21%), swimming slowly 1.25 (10%) and interacting 0.3 (2%). The estimated weight specific FMR was 601kJday-1kg-1, similar to that reported for territorial males in the same area. The sea otter population in Simpson Bay has been stable for at least the last 12years. It would follow then that the time spent foraging might be similar to other areas where the population is stable, but this is not the case. In Simpson Bay, the time spent foraging is more similar to areas that have been recently occupied. The relatively small amount of time spent foraging may indicate that geographic differences (structure of the near-shore community: substrate, water depth, kelp canopy, prey assemblage, and competitors) may play a greater role in determining the amount of time spent foraging than population status. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Mott C.L.,Kentucky Wesleyan College |
Maret T.J.,Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania
Copeia | Year: 2011
We observed agonistic behavior among larval Ambystoma opacum, A. jeffersonianum, and A. maculatum in intra- and interspecific pairwise comparisons to determine if sympatric species exhibit unique behavioral responses to the presence of con- or heterospecific larvae, if they respond similarly to variation in competitor size, and if species identity is a reliable predictor of predation and cannibalism versus strictly nonlethal competitive interactions as an outcome of larval aggression. Each species exhibited a unique suite of behavioral responses associated with species and competitor size. Ambystoma opacum displayed high levels of aggression, most often towards conspecifics, but these behaviors rarely resulted in predation. Conversely, A. jeffersonianum displayed aggression frequently and often consumed both con- and heterospecific larvae. Furthermore, this species did not reduce aggression even in the presence of larger larvae. Ambystoma maculatum displayed relatively low levels of aggression under most circumstances. We conclude that these characteristic responses are associated with species-specific morphological and developmental features and the temporally staggered pattern in which these species appear in ponds. These observations highlight the importance of these traits to behavioral divergence among ecologically similar taxa occurring in sympatry. © 2011 by the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists.
Mott C.L.,Southern Illinois University Carbondale |
Mott C.L.,Kentucky Wesleyan College |
Bloomquist C.K.,Southern Illinois University Carbondale |
Bloomquist C.K.,U.S. Department of Agriculture |
Nielsen C.K.,Southern Illinois University Carbondale
Mammalian Biology | Year: 2011
Despite the ubiquity of denning as a natural history strategy among terrestrial vertebrates, little is known regarding basic patterns of within-den behavior, how such patterns are influenced by demographic and environmental parameters, or how within-den behavioral repertoires relate to activities performed in external environments. Den usage is believed to facilitate increased expression of behaviors that compromise fitness in external environments, though empirical data validating these assumptions are generally lacking. Relative isolation from external light cues within dens has been linked to temporal patterns of den use, yet few studies examine associations between photoperiod and rhythmicity strictly for within-den behavior. Also, for denning species with relatively equivalent parental investment, conclusions regarding sex-specific behavior have been equivocal, and no studies have examined potential segregation of parental activity within dens. We videorecorded 1506. h of within-den activity from 23 beaver (Castor canadensis) colonies and characterized behavioral patterns based on sex and age over daily and monthly intervals. Within-den time-activity budgets were equivalent among male and female adult beavers, with feeding, sleeping, allogrooming, and individual grooming accounting for more than 95% of all recorded behaviors. Behavioral repertoires within dens exhibited distinct seasonality and were influenced by temporal variation in external conditions associated with food availability, indicating linkages between activities within and outside of dens. Lastly, beaver age classes varied considerably in their associations between diel activity patterns and photoperiod, with adults and kits exhibiting single and multiple sleep-wake cycles, respectively. © 2010 Gesellschaft für Säugetierkunde.
Emerson S.E.,Kentucky Wesleyan College |
Brown J.S.,University of Illinois at Chicago
Behavioural Processes | Year: 2013
To examine habitat preferences of two groups of samango monkeys (. Cercopithecus (. nictitans) mitis erythrarchus) in the Soutpansberg, South Africa, we used experimental food patches in fragments of tall forest and in bordering secondary growth short forest. Additionally, to test for the impacts of group cohesion and movement on habitat use, we tested for the interaction of space and time in our analyses of foraging intensity in the experimental food patches placed throughout the home ranges of the two groups. We expected the monkeys to harvest the most from patches in tall forest habitats and the least from patches in short forest. Further, because the monkeys move through their habitats in groups, we expected to see group cohesion effects illustrated by daily spatial variation in the monkeys' use of widespread foraging grids. In the forest height experiments, the two groups differed in their foraging responses, with 8% greater foraging overall for one group. However, forest height did not significantly impact foraging in either group, meaning that, given feeding opportunities, samango monkeys are able to utilise secondary growth forest. For one group, missed opportunity costs of staying with the group appeared through the statistical interaction of day with foraging location (the monkeys did not always spread out to take advantage of all available food patches). In several subsequent experiments in widespread grids, significant daily spatial variation in foraging occurred, pointing to spatial cohesion during group movement as likely being an important predictor of habitat use. For an individual social forager, staying with the group may be more important than habitat type in driving habitat selection. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Emerson S.E.,Kentucky Wesleyan College |
Brown J.S.,University of Illinois at Chicago
International Journal of Primatology | Year: 2012
Teasing apart the components of diet selection is important for understanding an animal's ecology. We used giving-up densities (GUDs) in artificial food patches to test whether free-ranging samango monkeys (Cercopithecus (nictitans) mitis erythrarchus) treat food and water as complementary resources and to examine dietary preferences. To assess the influence of water on the value of food, we measured harvest of peanuts from food patches augmented with water. To examine dietary preferences, we measured the harvest of peanuts (as a standard for comparing other food classes), raisins, alfalfa pellets, and either mealworms or cat food mixed into sawdust in separate food patches. In addition, we observed the samangos' order of selection of each food. To differentiate preference from ease of encounter, we measured selectivity for peanuts in triplets of food patches containing 1) peanuts, 2) peanuts mixed with a test food (raisins, alfalfa, or mealworms), and 3) the test food. Water did not influence samango foraging. After peanuts, the samangos treated alfalfa and raisins as approximately equal. The samangos foraged on mealworms lightly and rejected cat food. When each food was mixed with peanuts, the monkeys exhibited an expanding specialist dietary strategy in which they altered their rates of encounter with their preferred foods at high resource densities. Samango monkeys at our study site are not water limited, they consistently favor high-energy foods, and they least often choose animal protein. We conclude that patch-use experiments coupled with direct observations provide a useful means for examining dietary strategy, food preferences, and water limitation. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Gao Y.,University of Louisville |
Payne R.S.,Kentucky Wesleyan College |
Schurr A.,University of Louisville |
Hougland T.,University of Louisville |
And 5 more authors.
Psychiatry Research | Year: 2011
Memantine, a selective antagonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor, is approved for the treatment of moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease. Ion dysregulation is thought to be involved in the pathophysiology of bipolar illness, suggesting that memantine may be effective in treating bipolar manic and/or depressive episodes. We utilized two preclinical models of mania that mimic pathophysiologic changes seen in bipolar illness to examine the potential efficacy of memantine in the treatment of this disorder. Locomotor hyperactivity of male Sprague-Dawley rats in an open field was induced with intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of 10 -3 M ouabain. Memantine (2.5, 5 or 7.5mg/kg), lithium (6.75mEq/kg), or vehicle were administered acutely via intraperitoneal injection immediately prior to ouabain, then chronically for 7days (oral memantine 20, 30, and 40mg/kg/day in water; lithium 2.4g/kg food). In a second model of bipolar disorder, cycling between population spikes and epileptiform bursts was investigated in rat hippocampal slices treated with ouabain (3.3μM) alone or in combination with memantine (0.5, 1.0, and 5.0μM). Ouabain-induced hyperlocomotion was normalized with acute and chronic lithium and chronic use of memantine. Memantine delayed the onset of ouabain-induced-cycling in hippocampal slices. Memantine may have antimanic properties. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: S-STEM:SCHLR SCI TECH ENG&MATH | Award Amount: 600.00K | Year: 2011
The fundamental goal of this project is to create and implement effective models to increase retention of academically talented, economically disadvantaged students known to be at-risk for non-completion of science technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors. The specific goal is to increase the numbers of predominately Kentucky, Southern Indiana and/or Northern Tennessee first-generation, women, and minority high school students as freshmen and community college transfer students through financial and academic support, enrichment opportunities, and facilitation in student career placement. Three cohorts of four-year students (18 total) and three cohorts of community college transfer students (21total) are being provided $6000 scholarships per year. The college has committed to providing scholarships to cohort students who maintain eligibility that allows them to complete their degrees after funding ends.
The college has collaborations with high schools and community colleges which are being used to recruit high school and transfer students into STEM programs. Retention of students is being improved through a program designed to provide students with a variety of academic, social, and career oriented programs. The comprehensive support program is relying on existing student support services and community partnerships to connect students to mentors (both faculty and alumni), peers, and professionals. Existing programs include freshman orientation, faculty advisement, undergraduate research, internships, practical experiences (i.e. pre-service teaching opportunities), work-study, grade monitoring, social and cultural activities, supplemental instruction, peer tutoring, and career counseling and placement services.
Intellectual Merit: The project advances knowledge in STEM disciplines by enabling members of underrepresented and financially needy groups to achieve their educational goals. The comprehensive support program offers a rich learning environment that prepares students to enter the workforce or enter post-baccalaureate programs. Utilization of living-learning communities as well as faculty, peer and professional mentors is creating a supportive environment for scholars ensuring their academic success, retention, and timely graduation.
Broader Impact: This program is broadening participation in STEM fields by providing support for first-generation college, women and underrepresented students. This program benefits society by increasing diversity in student population at the college, creating a strong and diverse workforce, and improving the regional level of educational attainment. In addition, students serve as role models in their home communities. Local employers are benefitting from a larger and more qualified applicant pool.
PubMed | University of Detroit Mercy, Kentucky Wesleyan College and University of Baghdad
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Iraqi journal of medical sciences | Year: 2015
Research suggests that refugees are at an increased risk for poor health outcomes as compared to immigrants. However, prior studies have compared refugees and immigrants from different countries and have failed to isolate specific war-related factors.To compare health outcomes and their determinants in refugees and immigrants from the same country of origin.A cross-sectional study based on a convenient sample and on self-report participants were conducted at Southeast Michigan during the period September to December 2009. A validated survey was used to examine refugees (Refugees reported significantly more violence exposure than immigrants (Even though migration status did not directly influence health outcomes, results suggest that factors associated with migration status, e.g., violence exposure and age, do impact health. Future studies need to more carefully define and control for country-specific variables.
PubMed | Kentucky Wesleyan College and University of Illinois at Chicago
Type: | Journal: Behavioural processes | Year: 2014
To examine habitat preferences of two groups of samango monkeys (Cercopithecus (nictitans) mitis erythrarchus) in the Soutpansberg, South Africa, we used experimental food patches in fragments of tall forest and in bordering secondary growth short forest. Additionally, to test for the impacts of group cohesion and movement on habitat use, we tested for the interaction of space and time in our analyses of foraging intensity in the experimental food patches placed throughout the home ranges of the two groups. We expected the monkeys to harvest the most from patches in tall forest habitats and the least from patches in short forest. Further, because the monkeys move through their habitats in groups, we expected to see group cohesion effects illustrated by daily spatial variation in the monkeys use of widespread foraging grids. In the forest height experiments, the two groups differed in their foraging responses, with 8% greater foraging overall for one group. However, forest height did not significantly impact foraging in either group, meaning that, given feeding opportunities, samango monkeys are able to utilize secondary growth forest. For one group, missed opportunity costs of staying with the group appeared through the statistical interaction of day with foraging location (the monkeys did not always spread out to take advantage of all available food patches). In several subsequent experiments in widespread grids, significant daily spatial variation in foraging occurred, pointing to spatial cohesion during group movement as likely being an important predictor of habitat use. For an individual social forager, staying with the group may be more important than habitat type in driving habitat selection.
News Article | March 2, 2017
The Community for Accredited Online Schools, a leading resource provider for higher education information, has compiled a list of the best colleges and universities with online programs in Kentucky for 2017. Of the 20 four-year schools that were ranked, University of Kentucky, University of Louisville, Eastern Kentucky University, Murray State University and Western Kentucky University came in as the top five institutions. The top 16 two-year schools were also included, with West Kentucky Community and Technical College, Maysville Community and Technical College, Bluegrass Community and Technical College, Jefferson Community and Technical College and Somerset Community College named as the top five. “The schools on our list have been evaluated based on more than a dozen unique data points,” said Doug Jones, CEO and founder of AccreditedSchoolsOnline.org. “The results is a selection of the best online curriculum, program variety, student resources and graduation outcomes in Kentucky.” To earn a spot on the Best Online Schools list, colleges and universities in Kentucky must be institutionally accredited, public or private not-for-profit entities. Each college is also judged based on such criteria as student/teacher ratios, employment services, student resources, graduation rates and financial aid availability. For more details on where each school falls in the rankings and the data and methodology used to determine the lists, visit: The Best Online Four-Year Schools in Kentucky for 2017 include the following: Asbury University Brescia University Campbellsville University Eastern Kentucky University Georgetown College Kentucky Christian University Kentucky State University Kentucky Wesleyan College Lindsey Wilson College Midway College Morehead State University Murray State University Northern Kentucky University The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary Thomas More College Union College University of Kentucky University of Louisville University of the Cumberlands Western Kentucky University Kentucky’s Best Online Two-Year Schools for 2017 include the following: Ashland Community and Technical College Big Sandy Community and Technical College Bluegrass Community and Technical College Elizabethtown Community and Technical College Gateway Community and Technical College Hazard Community and Technical College Henderson Community College Hopkinsville Community College Jefferson Community and Technical College Madisonville Community College Maysville Community and Technical College Owensboro Community and Technical College Somerset Community College Southcentral Kentucky Community and Technical College Southeast Kentucky Community and Technical College West Kentucky Community and Technical College About Us: AccreditedSchoolsOnline.org was founded in 2011 to provide students and parents with quality data and information about pursuing an affordable, quality education that has been certified by an accrediting agency. Our community resource materials and tools span topics such as college accreditation, financial aid, opportunities available to veterans, people with disabilities, as well as online learning resources. We feature higher education institutions that have developed online learning programs that include highly trained faculty, new technology and resources, and online support services to help students achieve educational success.