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Yamatotakada, Japan

Enomoto Y.,Nara Medical University | Kasai T.,Nara Medical University | Takeda M.,Nara Medical University | Takano M.,Nara Medical University | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Pathology | Year: 2012

Background: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation at the kinase domain and EGFR gene amplification are reported to be predictors of the response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors in lung cancer cases. In malignant mesothelioma (MM), the role of EGFR is less clear. Methods: Thirty-eight MM specimens were submitted to EGFR mutation evaluation, and compared with the results of immunohistochemical staining and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis. DNA was extracted from paraffin blocks and PCR was performed to amplify exon regions 18-21 of the EGFR gene. Direct sequencing of the purified PCR products was performed. Results: Five EGFR missense mutations were detected in six of the 38 patients (16%); two of these mutations were novel, two were originally detected in non-small cell lung carcinoma, and one resembled a location previously noted for malignant peritoneal mesothelioma. Conclusion: As far as the authors are aware there has been no report of the EGFR mutation of MM in Japanese cases, but in this study EGFR missense mutations were detected in some cases. EGFR mutation results were not related to immunohistochemical and FISH analysis. Source

Yamaoka K.,Kenseikai Nara Coloproctology Center | Inatsugi N.,Kenseikai Nara Coloproctology Center | Yoshikawa S.,Kenseikai Nara Coloproctology Center | Masuda T.,Kenseikai Nara Coloproctology Center | And 14 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy | Year: 2010

A woman in her fifties underwent a right hemicolectomy (D3) for cancer of the ascending colon in October 2007, definitively and pathologically diagnosed as papillary adenocarcinoma invading to the subserosa, and no metastasis was detected to lymph node. But 13 months after the surgery, she was found to have a mass near the anastomosis by an abdominal CT scan. Colonoscopy showed an evaluating lesion with ulcer in the anal side of the anastomosis. We tried to resect the metastasis, but it was not resectable because of the invasion to the pancreas. The mFOLFOX regimen was effective. After the chemotherapy (6 courses), we decided to perform a radical resection. We conducted pancreatoduodenectomy in May 2009. She is still alive 12 months after surgery. Source

Yokoyama A.,National Hospital Organization Kurihama Alcoholism Center | Oda J.,Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer Detection Center | Iriguchi Y.,Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer Detection Center | Kumagai Y.,Kumagai Satellite Clinic | And 4 more authors.
Diseases of the Esophagus | Year: 2013

A strong association between inactive aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) and risk of esophageal cancer has been demonstrated in East Asian drinkers. An alcohol flushing questionnaire asking about past and current tendency for facial flushing to occur after drinking a glass (≈180mL) of beer predicts the presence of inactive ALDH2 among Japanese aged 40 years or older with a sensitivity and specificity of approximately 90%. We invented a health-risk appraisal (HRA) model that makes it possible to identify Japanese men who are at high risk for esophageal cancer based on their past and current alcohol flushing tendency, drinking, smoking, and intake of vegetables and fruits. Between 2008 and 2009, 2221 Japanese men aged 50 years or older filled out the HRA questionnaire before undergoing a screening examination by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy at five medical facilities. The endoscopic examination resulted in a diagnosis of esophageal cancer in 19 subjects, and 117 (5.27%) subjects had an HRA score ≥11. The proportion of subjects with an HRA score ≥11 was higher in the 50-69 age group (6.11-6.88%) than in 70-89 age group (2.84-2.86%). The esophageal cancer detection rate was 4.27% among the subjects with an HRA score ≥11 and only 0.67% among the other subjects. Based on a receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, when an HRA score of ≥9 was used for subjects aged 50-69 years and of ≥8 for those aged 70-89 years as the cutoff value to select individuals with a high risk for esophageal cancer, its sensitivity and false-positive rate was 52.6% and 15.2%, respectively, and the cancer detection rate was 2.91% in the high-risk group, as opposed to 0.48% in the other group. In conclusion, the high detection rates for esophageal cancer in the high-risk groups encouraged screening based on our HRA model in larger Japanese populations. © 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus. Source

Shimobayashi T.,Kenseikai Nara Colo proctology Center | Inatsugi N.,Kenseikai Nara Colo proctology Center | Yoshikawa S.,Kenseikai Nara Colo proctology Center | Masuda T.,Kenseikai Nara Colo proctology Center | And 15 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy | Year: 2010

A man in his early seventies underwent low anterior resection and partial resection of the liver for the rectal cancer and liver metastasis. However, 4 months after the surgery, he was found to have a liver tumor at S5 and S7 by abdominal CT scan. Then, he underwent chemotherapy (mFOLFOX6), but the metastatic tumor was progressive. We selected FOLFIRI + cetuximab regimen for second-line therapy to resect the metastatic tumor. As the metastatic lesion was become smaller after 4-course of the regimen including cetuximab, we decided to perform a radical resection. We conducted a right lobectomy of the liver, and the tumor was completely resected. Source

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