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Yokohama, Japan

Keio University , abbreviated as Keio or Keidai , is a Japanese university located in Minato, Tokyo. It is known as the oldest institute of higher education in Japan. Founder Fukuzawa Yukichi originally established it as a school for Western studies in 1858 in Edo . It has eleven campuses in Tokyo and Kanagawa. It has ten faculties: Letters, Economics, Law, Business and Commerce, Medicine, Science and Technology, Policy Management, Environment and Information Studies, Nursing and Medical Care, and Pharmacy.The alumni include Japanese prime ministers and prominent political, administrative, legal, medical and corporate leaders. In particular, alumni of the Faculty of Economics has had significant influence on Japanese business world. Keio ranks third in the world for the number of alumni holding CEO positions in Fortune Global 500 companies. It also ranks 9th in the world in the Times Higher Education's Alma Mater Index. The university is one of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology's thirteen "Global 30" Project universities. Wikipedia.

Yamamoto N.,Keio University
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2015

We study the hydrodynamic regime of chiral plasmas at high temperature. We find a new type of gapless collective excitation induced by chiral effects in an external magnetic field. This is a transverse wave, and it is present even in incompressible fluids, unlike the chiral magnetic and chiral vortical waves. The velocity is proportional to the coefficient of the gravitational anomaly. We briefly discuss the possible relevance of this "chiral Alfvén wave" in physical systems. © 2015 American Physical Society.

Hasobe T.,Keio University
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters | Year: 2013

Photofunctional molecular architectures with well-defined shapes and sizes are of great interest because of various applications such as photovoltaics, photocatalysis, and electronics. Porphyrins are promising building blocks for organized nanoscale superstructures, which perform many of the essential light-harvesting and photoinduced electron/energy transfer reaction. In this Perspective, we present the recent advances in supramolecular architectures of porphyrins for solar energy conversion. First, we state preparation and light energy conversion properties of porphyrin (donor: D) and fullerene (acceptor: A)-based composite spherical nanoassemblies. The interfacial control of D/A molecules based on our supramolecular strategy successfully demonstrates the drastic enhancement of light energy conversion properties as compared to the corresponding nonorganized systems. Then, bar-shaped structures composed of two different D and A molecules with separated inside and outside layers are discussed. This unusual rod formation shows a possibility for a novel zeolite-like photoreaction cavity with efficient visible light absorption. Finally, photophysical and phoelectrochemical properties of supramolecular composites between porphyrins and carbon naotubes/graphenes are briefly described. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

Akimoto T.,Keio University
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2012

We report on a novel response to biases in deterministic superdiffusion. For its reduced map, we show using infinite ergodic theory that the time-averaged velocity (TAV) is intrinsically random and its distribution obeys the generalized arcsine distribution. A distributional limit theorem indicates that the TAV response to a bias appears in the distribution, which is an example of what we term a distributional response induced by a bias. Although this response in single trajectories is intrinsically random, the ensemble-averaged TAV response is linear. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.

Nitta M.,Keio University
Nuclear Physics B | Year: 2013

We construct a stable Skyrmion in 3+1 dimensions as a sine-Gordon kink inside a domain wall within a domain wall in an O(4) sigma model with hierarchical mass terms without the Skyrme term. We also find that higher dimensional Skyrmions can stably exist with a help of non-Abelian domain walls in an O(N) model with hierarchical mass terms without a Skyrme term, which leads to a matryoshka structure of Skyrmions. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Ito K.,Yeshiva University | Suda T.,Keio University
Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology | Year: 2014

A distinctive feature of stem cells is their capacity to self-renew to maintain pluripotency. Studies of genetically-engineered mouse models and recent advances in metabolomic analysis, particularly in haematopoietic stem cells, have deepened our understanding of the contribution made by metabolic cues to the regulation of stem cell self-renewal. Many types of stem cells heavily rely on anaerobic glycolysis, and stem cell function is also regulated by bioenergetic signalling, the AKT-mTOR pathway, Gln metabolism and fatty acid metabolism. As maintenance of a stem cell pool requires a finely-tuned balance between self-renewal and differentiation, investigations into the molecular mechanisms and metabolic pathways underlying these decisions hold great therapeutic promise. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

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