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Yokohama, Japan

Keio University , abbreviated as Keio or Keidai , is a Japanese university located in Minato, Tokyo. It is known as the oldest institute of higher education in Japan. Founder Fukuzawa Yukichi originally established it as a school for Western studies in 1858 in Edo . It has eleven campuses in Tokyo and Kanagawa. It has ten faculties: Letters, Economics, Law, Business and Commerce, Medicine, Science and Technology, Policy Management, Environment and Information Studies, Nursing and Medical Care, and Pharmacy.The alumni include Japanese prime ministers and prominent political, administrative, legal, medical and corporate leaders. In particular, alumni of the Faculty of Economics has had significant influence on Japanese business world. Keio ranks third in the world for the number of alumni holding CEO positions in Fortune Global 500 companies. It also ranks 9th in the world in the Times Higher Education's Alma Mater Index. The university is one of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology's thirteen "Global 30" Project universities. Wikipedia.

Ito K.,Yeshiva University | Suda T.,Keio University
Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology | Year: 2014

A distinctive feature of stem cells is their capacity to self-renew to maintain pluripotency. Studies of genetically-engineered mouse models and recent advances in metabolomic analysis, particularly in haematopoietic stem cells, have deepened our understanding of the contribution made by metabolic cues to the regulation of stem cell self-renewal. Many types of stem cells heavily rely on anaerobic glycolysis, and stem cell function is also regulated by bioenergetic signalling, the AKT-mTOR pathway, Gln metabolism and fatty acid metabolism. As maintenance of a stem cell pool requires a finely-tuned balance between self-renewal and differentiation, investigations into the molecular mechanisms and metabolic pathways underlying these decisions hold great therapeutic promise. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. Source

Yamamoto N.,Keio University
Physical Review X | Year: 2014

To control a quantum system via feedback, we generally have two options in choosing a control scheme. One is the coherent feedback, which feeds the output field of the system, through a fully quantum device, back to manipulate the system without involving any measurement process. The other one is measurementbased feedback, which measures the output field and performs a real-time manipulation on the system based on the measurement results. Both schemes have advantages and disadvantages, depending on the system and the control goal; hence, their comparison in several situations is important. This paper considers a general open linear quantum system with the following specific control goals: backaction evasion, generation of a quantum nondemolished variable, and generation of a decoherence-free subsystem, all of which have important roles in quantum information science. Some no-go theorems are proven, clarifying that those goals cannot be achieved by any measurement-based feedback control. On the other hand, it is shown that, for each control goal there exists a coherent feedback controller accomplishing the task. The key idea to obtain all the results is system theoretic characterizations of the above three notions in terms of controllability and observability properties or transfer functions of linear systems, which are consistent with their standard definitions. Source

This invention provides a catheter used for blocking abnormal conduction in the cardiac muscle using photodynamic therapy or treating arrhythmia and a method for evaluating the therapeutic effects of the catheter. The catheter has a structure that freely bends at its end, which is used for performing photodynamic ablation of cardiac muscle tissue via photochemical reactions in the blood vessel or cardiac lumen. The catheter comprises a light-emitting window for applying a light beam transmitted through an optical fiber to a target site of cardiac muscle tissue and at least two electrodes for potential measurement in the periphery of the light-emitting window.

There are provided an apparatus and a method for blocking abnormal conduction in the cardiac muscle using a photodynamic therapy or for treating arrhythmia. There is provided a catheter ablation apparatus for the treatment of arrhythmia using a photodynamic therapy, comprising a catheter leading a photoradiation unit to an abnormal electrical conduction site or a hyperexcitability occurring site in the cardiac muscle of a test subject in which a photosensitizer is present by administering the photosensitizer beforehand and which causes arrhythmia, means for generating a light ray with which the abnormal electrical conduction site or the hyperexcitability occurring site is irradiated, and means for transmitting the light ray to the abnormal electrical conduction site or the hyperexcitability occurring site, wherein the photosensitizer used is a water-soluble chlorine-based photosensitizer and the light ray used is a light ray having an excitation wavelength equal to that of the photosensitizer.

Sanford Burnham Institute for Medical Research and Keio University | Date: 2015-04-10

Provided herein are compositions and methods for selectively targeting an endometriosis cell.

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