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Napoli, Italy

Saksida T.,University of Belgrade | Miljkovic D.,University of Belgrade | Timotijevic G.,University of Belgrade | Stojanovic I.,University of Belgrade | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Neuroimmunology

Transferrin (Tf) has a major role in T cell activation and proliferation. Here, we investigated whether Tf exerts immunomodulatory effects on T cells and in development of T-cell driven experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). While treatment of concanavalin A-stimulated splenocytes with apotransferrin (ApoTf) did not affect release of IL-1β, TNF, IFN-γ, IL-17, IL-4, and IL-10, it markedly and dose-dependently down-regulated synthesis of IL-2 in these cells. ApoTf also inhibited IL-2 generation in purified CD3+ T cells and the effect was accompanied with down-regulation of MAPK p44/42 and NFκB signaling. Despite impeded IL-2 release, proliferation of splenocytes was not inhibited by ApoTf. Importantly, ApoTf ameliorated EAE in mice and significantly reduced ex vivo IL-2 production in proteolipid protein-specific lymphocytes. Thus ApoTf may be a promising beneficial agent for multiple sclerosis. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

Ascione E.,Kedrion Research | Muscariello L.,Kedrion Research | Maiello V.,Kedrion Research | Romano V.,Kedrion Research | And 3 more authors.
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry

We investigated and optimized a purification process, suitable for industrial scale, to obtain pharmaceutical grade apo-Tf (apo-transferrin), preserving its physiological properties and functions. Apo-Tf was obtained from fraction IV subfraction 1 and IV subfraction 4 (fraction IV-1,4), a waste product of the Cohn fractionation process, performing a single chromatographic run and two viral inactivation/removal steps. The structural integrity and the biological activity of the final product were extensively tested. The yield of apo-Tf produced was 80% on laboratory scale and 90% in scale-up lots, and the purity was higher than 95 %. The purified protein preserves iron- and receptor-binding activities and shows a normal glycosylation pattern. The single chromatographic step process presented here provides an efficient means to prepare commercial quantities of the protein. The final product is sterile and two viral inactivation/removal steps were introduced into the process. © 2010 Portland Press Limited. Source

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