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Purpose: 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU), acting as a pyrimidine antagonist, is a major chemotherapy drug used for the treatment of tumors such as gastrointestinal, breast, ovary, and head and neck cancers. The key and rate-limiting enzyme in 5-FU catabolism is dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DHPDH), whose partial or complete deficiency exposes to a severe 5-FU toxicity in patients. The determination of DHPDH activity in patients before the treatment and setting up a personalized therapy for each patient receiving the drug can help us to prevent the possible risk of toxicity. Methods: To isolate peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), EDTA-anticoagulated blood samples were collected from randomly selected 47 patients and examined for 5-FU and its metabolite dihydrofluorouracil (FUH2) by using a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to observe DHPDH activity at different intervals (0 and 4th hour) indirectly. Results: Intra-assay and interassay CV % values of samples from the measurements of the modified methods are found 1.3-11.9, 2.3-9.4 for 5-FU and 3.1-14.4, 3.3-12.6 for FUH2, respectively. The reference values derived from 45 patients treated with 5-FU are 1.84 ± 0.34 ug/gr protein for 5-FU, 40.15 ± 11.43 ng/gr protein for FUH2, respectively. FUH2/5-FU ratio is 21.9 ± 3.72. In addition, the results determined from two patients, in which the lack of DHPDH is considered, were 3.24 and 4.16 ug/gr protein for 5-FU, 4.1 and 6.7 ng/gr protein for FUH2. FUH2/5-FU ratio is 1.26 and 1.61. Conclusion: The measurements of 5-FU, FUH2, and especially their ratio (FUH2/5-FU) by the modified LC-MS/MS method could be used to determine DHPDH enzyme activity. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.


Background. Measurement of urinary 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) has recently become more popular as a means of assessing oxidative stress in the human body. The aim of this study is to compare the levels of urine 8-OHdG in patients with type 2 diabetes with and without nephropathy and to evaluate its role as a biochemical marker for distinguishing these patients from healthy and patients without complications. Methods. For this purpose, 52 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (32 with nephropathy (DMN), 20 without nephropathy (DM)) and 20 healthy control subjects (C) were included in this study. The urine concentrations of 8-OHdG were measured by modified LC-MS/MS method and compared with the first morning voiding urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) and HbA1c values of the same patients. Results. The concentrations of urine 8-OHdG in DMN and DM patients were higher than those of the control subjects (3.47±0.94, 2.92±1.73, 2.1±0.93 nmol/mol creatinine, respectively). But there was no statistical difference between DMN and DM (p 0.115). There is significant correlation between urinary 8-OHdG and UACR (r 0.501, p <0.001). According to ROC analysis, the AUC value of HbA1c was higher than the value of the AUC of 8-OHdG (0.882 and 0.771, respectively). Conclusions. This study shows that the urine 8-OHdG levels increase in diabetic patients. However, urinary 8-OHdG is not a useful clinical marker, compared with UACR, to predict the development of diabetic nephropathy in diabetic patients. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd.


PubMed | Dskap Teaching and Research Hospital and Kecioren Teaching and Research Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Acta Cardiologica Sinica | Year: 2017

Measurement of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is suggested as a novel cardiometabolic risk factor. Microalbuminuria is a marker of endothelial dysfunction and is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease in patients with systemic hypertension. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of echocardiographic epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness and microalbuminuria in hypertensive patients.75 essential hypertensive patients were included into the study. All subjects underwent transthoracic echocardiography to measure EAT thickness. Spot urine sample was collected for the assessment of microalbuminuria. Patients were divided into two groups according to their spot urine albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR); Group 1 included normoalbuminuria (0-30 g/mg); and Group 2: included microalbuminuria (30-300 g/mg). Thereafter, we evaluated patient characteristics including smoking status, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), antihypertensive treatment, statin therapy and serum levels of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglicerides, albumin, C-reactive protein (CRP), creatinine and hemoglobin.There was no difference in baseline characteristics between Group 1 and Group 2. Patients with microalbuminuria had significantly higher mean EAT thickness values compared to the normoalbuminuria group (7.1 0.9 vs. 6.6 0.9, p = 0.01). There were positive significant correlations between EAT and age (r = 0.267, p = 0.020), serum creatinine (r = 0.292, p = 0.01), UACR (r = 0.251, p = 0.03), left ventricular mass (r = 0.257, p = 0.03) and left ventricular mass index (r = 0.242, p = 0.04). UACR was independently associated with EAT (p = 0.01) after adjustments were made for age and BMI.Epicardial Adipose Tissue (EAT) thickness could be associated with microalbuminuria in patients with essential hypertension. This association could support the recognition of EAT as a credible marker in cardiovascular risk stratification.


PubMed | Dr Lutfi Kirdar Kartal Teaching And Research Hospital, Ankara Teaching and Research Hospital, Bezmialem Foundation University, Dicle University and 3 more.
Type: | Journal: Urolithiasis | Year: 2016

The objective of this study is to assess the utility of the Guy, S.T.O.N.E., and CROES nephrolithometry scoring systems (SS), and compare the capability of each system to predict percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) outcome in patients with anatomical abnormalities. We retrospectively collected medical records of patients with anatomical abnormalities who underwent PNL for the treatment of renal calculi by experienced surgical teams in four referral centers. All of the patients were graded by a single observer from each department based on preoperative computed tomography images using each SS. Patient demographics and outcomes were compared according to the complexity of the procedure as graded by each scoring system. A total of 137 cases with anatomical abnormalities [horseshoe kidney (n=46), malrotation (n=33), kypho and/or scoliosis (n=31) and ectopic kidney (n=27)] were assessed retrospectively. The mean stone burden, number, and density were 708.5mm


Akelma A.Z.,Fatih University | Celik A.,Kecioren Teaching and Research Hospital | Ozdemir O.,Kecioren Teaching and Research Hospital | Kavak Akelma F.,Ankara Zubeyde Hanim Etlik Maternity and Gynecology Teaching and Research Hospital | And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Emergency Medicine | Year: 2013

Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of S100B protein and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in children with carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. Methods: In this prospective, case-controlled study, children with CO poisoning were recruited. Patient demographics features and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) were recorded. Blood samples were collected from all children with CO poisoning at their admission to the hospital and at 3 and 6 hours after admission. Levels of NSE and S100B were measured. The control group consisted of age-matched healthy children. Results: A total of 30 children with CO poisoning (mean age, 7.88 ± 3.75 years; 17 boys) and 30 healthy children (mean age, 8.16 ± 3.05 years; 7 boys) were enrolled in the study. Mean carboxyhemoglobin level (%) measured at admission was 30.05 ± 8.00. Serum NSE levels of the children with CO poisoning were significantly higher than those of children from the control group at 0 hour and also at 3 and 6 hours (P <.001, P =.001, and P =.005, respectively). Serum S100B protein levels were similar between the 2 groups at 0 and 3 and 6 hours (P >.05). Serum NSE levels of patients with CO poisoning demonstrated a negative correlation with the admission GCS scores. No correlation was found between GCS scores and S100B protein levels. Conclusion: We have shown that NSE levels increase in CO-associated hypoxic brain damage in accordance with clinical findings. We have also found that, contrary to the studies conducted on adults, S100B protein levels do not increase in response to hypoxic brain damage. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Razi C.H.,Kecioren Teaching and Research Hospital | Akelma A.Z.,Fatih University | Akin O.,Kecioren Teaching and Research Hospital | Kocak M.,Kecioren Teaching and Research Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Pediatric Pulmonology | Year: 2012

The prevalence of asthma and other allergic diseases has increased markedly in the last few decades. Oxidative stress plays a central role in asthma pathogenesis, and reduced daily consumption of antioxidants is positively correlated with increased risk of asthma. Zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se) are the main antioxidant elements. In our study, we aimed to investigate hair Zn and Se levels in children with recurrent wheezing. The study included 65 patients with recurrent wheezing (RW) and 65 healthy children (HC). The hair Zn and Se levels (μg/g) of the RW group were lower in comparison with the HC group (162.43 ± 91.52 vs. 236.38 ± 126.44, P < 0.001, and 217.37 ± 83.01 vs. 280.53 ± 122.73, P < 0.001, respectively). Total antioxidant capacity (TAC) (mmol/L) of the RW group was found to be significantly lower in comparison with the HC group (1.38 ± 0.14 vs. 1.53 ± 0.20, respectively; P < 0.001). Number of wheezing episodes in the last 6 months were negatively correlated with serum TAC, hair Zn, and Se levels in RW group (rp = -0.291, P = 0.001; rp = -0.209, P = 0.017; r p = -0.206, P = 0.019, respectively). The number of acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI) episodes in the last 6 months was negatively correlated with serum TAC and hair Zn levels (rp = -0.316, P < 0.001, and rp = -0.196, P = 0.025, respectively). In this study, we found that TAC, hair Zn, and hair Se levels were lower in children with RW than HC and negatively correlated with wheezing episodes in the last 6 months. Also body Zn and Se levels can be reliably measured in hair samples. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2012; 47:1185-1191. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Akdemir N.,Kecioren Teaching and Research Hospital | Bilir C.,Zonguldak Karaelmas University
Journal of the Turkish German Gynecology Association | Year: 2011

Objective: In this study we investigate the possible relation of thyroid dysfunction and thyroid antibodies to hyperemesis gravidarum. Material and Methods: Thirty-seven patients with hyperemesis gravidarum and 33 healthy controls have been included in this study. Results: Thyroid dysfunction was significantly more common than in controls (38% vs 6%, p=0.002). Thyroglobulin antibodies were also significantly more common in patients with hyperemesis gravidarum than controls (54 IU/mL vs. 14 IU/mL, p=0.03). Conclusion: Hyperemesis gravidarum can be a risk factor for postpartum thyroid dysfunction. Thyroid antibodies must be checked in the hyperemesis population in an endemic goitre region and/or iodine replacement regions. © 2011 by the Turkish-German Gynecological Education and Research Foundation.


Kucukazman M.,Kecioren Teaching and Research Hospital | Ata N.,Kecioren Teaching and Research Hospital | Yavuz B.,Kecioren Teaching and Research Hospital | Dal K.,Kecioren Teaching and Research Hospital | And 6 more authors.
European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2013

OBJECTIVES: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterized by the excessive accumulation of fat in the liver cells. It is strongly associated with cardiovascular risk factors for atherosclerosis. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) are noninvasive methods for the evaluation of endothelium. They are considered early markers of atherogenesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate early atherosclerosis markers in patients with NAFLD. METHODS: We examined 161 patients. All the patients underwent hepatic ultrasonography, transthoracic echocardiography, and brachial artery and carotid artery imaging. Fasting blood samples were drawn from all patients for the determination of lipids, insulin, C-peptide, and fasting blood glucose. HOMA-IR was calculated. RESULTS: Among the 161 patients, 44 had normal hepatic ultrasonography, 42 had stage 1 hepatosteatosis, 53 had stage 2 hepatosteatosis and 22 had stage 3 hepatosteatosis. FMD was reduced in patients with NAFLD as compared with the healthy controls (5.9±3.1 vs. 9.6±2.7%, P<0.001). There was a significant negative moderate correlation between ultrasonographic hepatosteatosis grade and FMD (r=-0.556, P<0.001). The mean CIMT was significantly increased in patients with NAFLD as compared with the controls (0.40±0.19 vs. 0.27±0.18, P<0.001). There was a significant positive weak correlation between ultrasonographic hepatosteatosis grade and mean CIMT (r=0.376, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: This study showed that NAFLD is associated with impaired CIMT and FMD, which are early markers of atherosclerosis. These findings may play a crucial role in understanding the pathophysiology of the atherosclerotic process in patients with NAFLD. © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Tepeler A.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Sehgal P.D.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Akman T.,Bezmialem Foundation University | Unsal A.,Kecioren Teaching and Research Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Urology | Year: 2014

Objective To analyze the patient- and procedure-related factors affecting the outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) in horseshoe kidneys (HSKs). Methods A retrospective analysis was done of patients with stones in HSKs treated with PNL in 3 referral centers between 1998 and 2013. Demographics, along with perioperative characteristics, were evaluated in detail as to whether or not they had an effect on the success and complication rates. Results A total of 54 HSKs with calculi in 53 patients were treated with PNL. Mean stone size was 28.4 ± 19.6 mm (range, 10-120 mm). Fifty-three patients were treated through a single tract, and 1 patient required additional access. Access was directed to the upper calyx (n = 27), middle calyx (n = 17), and lower calyx (n = 10) through the intercostal (n = 23) and subcostal (n = 31) areas. Flexible nephroscopy was used in 18.5% of the procedures. Postoperative complications were observed in 9 (16.7%) of the procedures. Success rate was 66.7% after a single session of PNL and increased to 90.7% with additional treatments. Although patient demographics, preoperative imaging, and other operative measures did not have significant effect on the complication rate, stone complexity and multiplicity, in combination with flexible nephroscopy, were found to significantly affect the success rate (P = .026, P = .043, and P = .021, respectively). However, in multivariate analysis stone multiplicity was the only factor that affected success rate (P = .004). Conclusion Stone parameters play an important role in achieving stone-free status in HSKs. Use of flexible nephroscopy positively affects the success rate by allowing reaching the peripherally located calices. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.


PubMed | Hacettepe University, Kirikkale State Hospital, Memorial Ankara Hospital, 29 Mays Hospital and 3 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of thrombosis and thrombolysis | Year: 2016

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia. Dabigatran etixalate (DE) is one of the new oral anticoagulant drugs being used in nonvalvular AF (NVAF). There is no adequate real world data in different populations about DE. The aim of this registry was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of DE Consecutive NVAF patients treated with warfarin or both DE doses were enrolled during 18months study period. The patients were re-evaluated at regular 6-month intervals during the follow-up period. During the follow-up period outcomes were documented according to RELY methodology A total of 555 patients were analyzed. There was no significant difference in ischemic stroke rates (p=0.73), death rates (p=0.15) and MI rates (p=0.56) between groups. The rate of major bleeding was significantly higher in warfarin and dabigatran 150mg group than dabigatran 110mg (p<0.001). Intracranial bleeding rate and relative risk were significantly lower in dabigatran 110mg group than warfarin group (p=0.004). Dyspepsia was significantly higher in both DE doses than warfarin (p=0.004) Both DE doses are as effective as warfarin in reducing stroke rates in NVAF patients, without increasing MI rates. Intracranial bleeding rates are significantly lower in warfarin than both doses of DE and gastrointestinal bleeding risk increases with increased DE doses.

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