Kazakh National Agricultural University

www.kaznau.kz
Almaty, Kazakhstan
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Madenova A.,Kazakh National Agricultural University | Kokhmetova A.,Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology | Kampitova G.,Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology | Purnhauser L.,Cereal Research Non Profit Ltd. Co. | Atishova M.,Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology
Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia | Year: 2015

Wheat leaf rust is an important disease of wheat, which causes economic damage to the country. Epiphytotic diseases of wheat rust cover the entire continents leading to catastrophic crop failures. In order to control the stability, it is very important to have available molecular genetic markers linked to these symptoms. As a result of the phytopathological evaluation of susceptibility to rust on the background of infectious diseases, we selected a number of samples resistant to Puccinia recondite f. sp. Tritici using the following molecular markers: F1.2245/Lr10-6/r2, csLV34, LN2/Ventriup and csGS-F/R. We identified 20 samples resistant to wheat stem rust. From the studied wheat material we identified nine samples with Lr10 gene, one with Lr34/Yr18 genes, 2 with complex genes Lr37/Sr38/Yr17 and 10 samples with Lr68 genes. The most valuable donor of sustainability is a promising line Almaly/Obriy, where 3 resistance genes Lr34/Yr18, Lr37/Sr38/Yr17, Lr68 and Yr2 were identified as well as Oktyabrina line with 2 resistance genes-Lr10 and Lr68. Our results provide an opportunity to move the selection process in Kazakhstan to a new scientific level by using molecular genetic techniques and technologies of MAS-breeding.


Farrag S.A.,Kazakh National Agricultural University | Tanatarov A.B.,Menoufia University | Soltan M.E.,Menoufia University | Ismail M.,Menoufia University | Zayed O.M.,Menoufia University
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances | Year: 2011

Three Japanese quail lines A-C were examined genetically using 13 micro-satellite markers to detect genetic diversity. The studied loci on average produced 5 alleles locus1 (range: 2-8). The mean observed Heterozygosity (Ho) was 0.609 and ranged across loci from 0.00-0.967 whereas the mean expected Heterozygosity (He) was 0.636 and ranged between 0.139 and 0.802. The Polymorphic Information Content (PIC) v alues varied among loci and ranged between 0.346 for locus GUJ0010 and 0.814 for locus GUJ0087 with overall mean 0.644. Differentiation among populations was moderate but highly significant (FST = 0.10, RST = 0.17; p<0.0001) however, within populations differentiation accounted for 3.61 and -0.73% of the total nuclear microsatellite variation under Infinite Allele Model (IAM) and Stepwise Mutation model (SSM), respectively. Cluster analysis based on Nei's genetic distance indicated that the studied populations formed two main groups. The 1st group included line A and the 2nd group harboured lines B and C. These results reflect that the set of studied markers can be used effectively to capture the magnitude of genetic variability in different Japanese quail populations. © Medwell Journals, 2011.


Farrag S.A.,Kazakh National Agricultural University | Tanatarov A.B.,Kazakh National Agricultural University | Soltan M.E.,Menoufia University
International Journal of Poultry Science | Year: 2010

Genetic fingerprinting, DNA testing or DNA profiling is a technique to distinguish between individuals of the same species using only samples of their DNA. In modern animal breeding and production, with welfare and optimum nutrition, the major health problems arise mainly from genetic background. Obviously the selection does not affect the genome, but rather changes gene frequencies in the population and modifies the range of genetic variation of selected and correlated traits. These effects can be detected at the DNA level with the use of appropriate tools. DNA fingerprinting is a powerful tool in poultry for investigating genetic diversity within stocks and establishing relationships among stocks, characterizing individuals or populations genotypically, studying the relative contribution of evolutionary forces to genetic differences between populations, for marker assisted selection, to assist in gene introgression, to predict hybrid vigor and provide useful information for the pre-selection of populations to be used in crossbreeding. This review summarizes the use of genetic fingerprinting in poultry research, especially in some genetic resources of economically important species such as chickens, quails, ducks, goose, turkey and other poultry. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2010.


Dzhamburshyn A.S.,Kazakh National Agricultural University | Atyhanov A.K.,Kazakh National Agricultural University | Sagyndykova A.Z.,Kazakh National Agricultural University | Beloev H.,University of Ruse | Daskalov P.,University of Ruse
Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science | Year: 2016

The method of drying of grain and removal of moisture which is based on receiving and processing of arising thermal processes described by the thermodynamics equation is developed. For carrying out pilot studies, it is developed the transistor - thyristor device, which consists of the control unit, the converter of frequency, the bunker with the screw in it that has helix surface, inductor windings, and a hydrometer. The algorithm of receiving and data processing is developed in the MATLAB software. It is a first time when the Maxwell’s formula is suitable for calculating a heat taken from grain moisture. © 2016, National Centre for Agrarian Sciences. All rights reserved.


Ayupov Y.,West Kazakhstan Agrarian Technical University named after Zhangir Khan | Apushev A.,Kazakh National Agricultural University | Zamalieva F.F.,GNU Tatar scientific research Institute of agriculture of RAAS | Gabdulov M.,West Kazakhstan Agrarian Technical University named after Zhangir Khan
Life Science Journal | Year: 2014

This paper presents the results of studying the effect of planting density of a promising variety Yagodnyi 19 and the standard variety Nevsky on the yield and quality parameters of potato in the conditions of west Kazakhstan. Experimental factors included potato varieties (Nevsky and Yagodnyi 19) and different density planting (40,8, 47.6, 57.1 and 71.4 thou. pcs / ha). Studies showed that the optimum planting density is 57.1 thou. pcs / ha, at which the variety Nevsky formed a yield of - 25.43 thou / ha, Yagodnyi 19- 27.88 thou / ha. When the density was 57.1 thou pcs / ha, compared with the density 71.4 thou. pcs / ha seeds costs decrease by 25%. The average tuber weight decreases with the thickening of planting. With the increase of the planting norm, we can notice some decline in the marketability and an increase in the yield of seed tubers. Thus, there is a tendency of increasing starch and vitamin C content, and reducing the amount of nitrates in the tubers of the examined varieties.


Orumbayev A.,Kazakh National Agricultural University
International Journal of Poultry Science | Year: 2015

In Kazakhstan, over the past decade, farmers’ attention has been directed towards the breeding of ostriches. Just a couple of farms used to breed emus, though mostly for tourist attraction, until few years ago when a research began by Kazakh National Agricultural University in order to assist Governmental program for developing agricultural industry. Today emu farming is still a new and developing part of poultry farming in Kazakhstan. By 2012, emu population in Kazakhstan was about 250 birds, out of which 200 were bred at farms in suburbs of Almaty city. Most of their owners still think of them mainly as pets or tourist attraction and do not pay a special care for their breeding and raising techniques. Most of these emu stocks have inadequate, proportion of males and females. Therefore, an attempt was made to study the effect of different male-female proportions of emu packs during breeding season. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2015.


Hutcheson D.,Kazakh National Agricultural University | George J.A.,Kazakh National Agricultural University | Beisembay G.,Kazakh National Agricultural University
ICCCE 2010 - 2010 International Conference on Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Proceedings | Year: 2010

A cattle feeding is the opportunity for cattle production to achieve the goals for a satisfactory product or return on investment. All factors must be considered when determining the nutritional concepts for a successful and profitable cattle feeding program. Nutrition concepts play an important role since the largest single cost in finishing cattle diets is the feed and the balance of nutrients in that feed. © 2010 IEEE.


Beisembay G.,Kazakh National Agricultural University | Medeubekov K.U.,Kazakh National Agricultural University | George J.A.,Kazakh National Agricultural University
ICCCE 2010 - 2010 International Conference on Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Proceedings | Year: 2010

In the given article principal points of food safety are in detail considered at the organisation of feedlots in Kazakhstan. The technology of high-quality competitive production to export - "marble" beef is developed with allowance for requests food and biosafety. © 2010 IEEE.


Tolenovich T.N.,Kazakh National Agricultural University | Makhatovich M.B.,Kazakh National Agricultural University | Zhaleluly I.K.,Kazakh National Agricultural University
Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia | Year: 2015

In thoroughbred horsebreeding upbringing and creating horse-breeding centers in number of 30-50 heads a breeding mare in nature Kazakhstan, there is an opportunity, to grow up domestic high quality quick young growth of thoroughbred breeds of horses which could speak at the international races, including European countries. The grownup domestic young growth of thoroughbred breeds will not concede in anything to Kazakhstan horses, grown up in England and Ireland whereas to these countries go to buy horses people from around the world. For example, thousands of successful, highranking and rich people enjoy competitions of thoroughbred roadster breeds of horses participate in developed countries of Europe only in races. For some days tens of millions of foreign currency come to the organizing country. In France and the United Arab Emirates from roadster breed races fourth part of the state budget income comes. For example, annually FRANS GALOP jockey club receives 9 billion euro. Apparently, in developed countries of Europe, smooth races turned into an elite type of equestrian sport, as well as highly profitable business. On cash cycle the horse-racing industry is a comparable production,as well as a pollution-free one. For example, prize fund of World Cup on smooth races which took place on March 26, 2012 in the city of Dubai exceeded 26 million dollars, and in 2014 - 28 million dollars.


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