Kazakh Academy of Nutrition

Almaty, Kazakhstan

Kazakh Academy of Nutrition

Almaty, Kazakhstan
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Skalny A.V.,Orenburg State University | Kireeva G.N.,Chelyabinsk Regional Pediatric Hospital | Skalnaya M.G.,RUDN University | Grabeklis A.R.,Yaroslavl State University | And 4 more authors.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2016

The primary aim of the study is assessment of hair and whole blood trace element and mineral levels in children living in a polluted area near a copper smelter (Karabash) and two control locations (Varna, Tomino) using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The obtained data indicates that both blood and hair As, Pb, and Fe levels in children living in Karabash significantly exceeded the control values. Whole blood levels of copper in children living in Varna exceeded that in Tomino (p = 0.155) and Karabash (p < 0.001) by 16 %. Oppositely, hair concentration of Cu was maximal in children from Karabash. Blood Ca and Mg content in children from Varna exceeded the respective values from Tomino and Karabash by 32 % (p = 0.021) and 42 % (p < 0.001), and 19 % (p < 0.001) and 9 % (p < 0.001), respectively. Similar differences were observed in hair mineral content. Oppositely, children living in Tomino and Karabash were characterized by 10 (p = 0.002) and 23 % (p < 0.001) higher levels of blood phosphorus. At the same time, hair P content was maximal in a polluted area. Therefore, children living in a polluted area near a copper smelter had significantly higher values of heavy metals and decreased Mg and Ca content in biosamples. It is supposed that adverse health effects in persons living near a copper smelter may be associated not only with toxic metal overexposure but also with altered mineral homeostasis. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

From November 2 to 4 Almaty hosted the Central Asian International Exhibition dedicated to the food industry – WorldFood Kazakhstan 2016. Thirty-three (33) countries participated in the event and demonstrated food, drinks, equipment and different technologies. This year, the participants from Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Brazil, Hungary, Germany, India, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and other countries exhibited in the sections as “Food and Beverage,” “Equipment and Technology,” “Ingredients,” “Bakery, Confectionery.” Twelve national groups were presented at the exhibition WorldFood Kazakhstan 2016. In parallel with the exhibition for the food industry five more specialized events were held on the same platform. The total number of exhibitors was 362 companies. Russia, Belarus and Kyrgyzstan demonstrated the products from the leading manufacturers, promoting the development of economic relations within the Customs Union. So, Russia introduced the manufacturers of food and beverages through the regional group stands: Omsk, Novosibirsk and Kirov regions and the Altai Territory. “The proof of the successful work in this segment of the market is to participate in exhibitions of Russian producers of high-quality and eco-friendly products that can offer a variety of models of maintaining data of areas of business, examine interesting concepts that will result in strengthening of business ties between our countries, the establishment of modern enterprises and creation of new jobs, – said the Trade Representative of the RF in the Republic of Kazakhstan A.V. Yakovlev. More than 30 producers of Kazakhstan at the independent exposition introduced new items in assortment, products that have already proven themselves in the domestic market and export products in the following areas: meat and fish products, sausages, confectionery products, canned fruit and vegetables, groceries, ingredients, additives, containers and packaging. “We are the domestic manufacturers, produce 100% organic products. We are proud of our products. The exhibition was very active, quite a good amount of useful contacts was established. The exhibition became more highly attended”, – evaluated the exhibition Nurlan Tazhimgaliyev, Regional Director of OSPANOFF. The exposition of the Hungarian group this year has doubled its representation compared to last year. The reason for this, according to József Urabana, member of the Hungarian stand was “high interest of the exhibition participants in 2015 in the supply of the Hungarian products to Kazakhstan’s market”. “Here, on the platform, we can show more than 30 kinds of products to our potential partners. All companies have come here to establish new contacts, find new distributors”, – explained József Urabana. In addition, the exposition of China also represented about 20 companies and all sections of the exhibition: Ingredients, Food Products and Beverages, Processing and Manufacturing Equipment, Packaging and Packaging Equipment. The extended business program of the event included the master classes of top chefs, as well as seminars of the specialized professionals. In the framework of WorldFood Kazakhstan 2016 the professional competition – Tasting of food products and drinks “The Best Product of WorldFood Kazakhstan 2016” has been held for the 18th time. The competition was held with the support of the Kazakh Academy of Nutrition. The companies “Sultan Marketing” LLP, “New-Aldzhansky Flour Mill” LLP, “Tsesna-Astyk” Concern” LLP, “KEMMI GROUP” LLP, “Green Foods” LLP, “Pinsk Meat-Packing Plant” OJSC, “AL’BA Foods Company” LLP, “TPO AS” LLP, “BAITEREK-4”, “Qing Kaz” LLP, “Kamerton” Company” LLP, “Factory of the Kazakh Academy of Nutrition “Amiran” LLP, “Nalchik Dairy Plant” LLC, “FoodMaster Trade Company” LLP, “ECOPROM GROUP” LLP, “Tea House” LLP, Ionenko IE, Kofeinye Napitki IE, “Galen” Pharmaceutical Factory” LLC, “Altai Seligor” LLC, “Napitki na Dom” LLP, “Keremet Su SKE” LLP , KAZKON, “ViZaVi company” LLP, “Sladkaya Sloboda” LLC, EFES Kazakhstan, “Minsk Kristall” OJSC, “BIO-PRODUKT.KZ” LLP, “Maksimalnyi Razmah Corporation” LLP were awarded the Quality Mark – Golden Medal “Best Product of WorldFood Kazkahstan 2016” . Organizers of WorldFood Kazakhstan 2016: Kazakhstan Exhibition Company Iteca and its partner ITE Group Plc.

Hearst M.O.,St. Catherine University of Japan | Himes J.H.,University of Minnesota | Johnson D.E.,University of Minnesota | Kroupina M.,University of Minnesota | And 3 more authors.
Infant Mental Health Journal | Year: 2014

This article describes the nutritional and developmental status of young children living in Baby Houses (orphanages for children ages 0-3 years) in Kazakhstan. In 2009/2010, 308 children under age 3 years living in 10 Baby Houses were measured for height/length and weight. The Bayley Scales of Infant Development (N. Bayley, 2006) were used to assess mental and motor development. Blood was collected on a subsample to assess key nutritional factors. The World Health Organization growth charts were used to calculate Z-scores. Cut points for wasting (moderate to severe low weight for length/height growth), underweight (low weight for age), stunting (low length/height for age), development, and biomarkers used established guidelines. Most (n = 286) children had complete data on z-scores. Of these, 22.1% were experiencing wasting, 31.5% were underweight, and 36.7% had stunting. The nutritional status of the children, based on blood biomarkers, revealed that 37.1% of the children were anemic, 21.4% had low albumin, 38.1% had low vitamin D, 5.5% were iodine-deficient, and 2% had low serum zinc. One half had mild to significant mental and motor delays. Children living at these Baby Houses in Kazakhstan have substantial nutritional deficits and developmental delays. Focused attention is needed to provide a nutritionally enhanced diet and improved developmental opportunities to improve the long-term outcomes for these children. © 2014 Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health.

Baizhumanova A.,Nagoya University | Nishimura A.,Japan National Institute of Public Health | Ito K.,Nagoya University | Sakamoto J.,Nagoya University | And 3 more authors.
BMC Blood Disorders | Year: 2010

Background: In 2004, wheat flour fortification (WFF) with iron was implemented in Kazakhstan as a public health strategy to increase the iron intake of all women of childbearing age and of children. In 2003, before starting the flour fortification program, a communication campaign on health education took place in a region with a high prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA). The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of anemia, iron deficiency and IDA before and after the campaign. In addition, knowledge about IDA and its prevention, as well as awareness about fortified wheat flour, was assessed.Methods: The subjects of the study were women aged 15-49 years and children aged 2-14 years. The study was carried out in urban and rural areas of Kyzyl-Orda region in 2003 before (March) and after (December) the campaign. Blood samples were collected in order to measure hemoglobin and serum ferritin. In March 80 women and 57 children in the urban area, and 41 women and 41 children in the rural area, participated in the IDA testing. The corresponding participants in December numbered 62, 52, 52, and 57, respectively. The impacts of the communications and information received by participants during the campaign was surveyed with a questionnaire for 195 women in March and 198 women in December including some who participated in the IDA testing.Results: In March, the prevalence of anemia was 52.0% among 121 women and 58.1% among 98 children, and those with low iron reserve were 63.6%, 49.1% and IDA 40.5%, 11.0%, respectively. In December, the prevalence of anemia had significantly decreased among rural women (from 65.9% to 48.0%, p < 0.05) and among urban children (from 63.1% to 11.5%, p < 0.001). The prevalence of iron deficiency was significantly reduced among the children (from 51.1% to 24.8%, p < 0.001). IDA prevalence was meaningfully decreased among women in urban and combined areas (from 37.5% to 15.0% and 40.5 to 14.8%, respectively, p < 0.001) and among urban children (from 7.1% to 2.1%, p < 0.05). The surveys found that most women knew about IDA and its prevention and that the numbers were similar both in March and in December. The knowledge of the anti-anemic effect of wheat fortified flour improved significantly over the period of the campaign among women both in urban (from 48.5% to 80.9%, p < 0.001) and rural (from 69.8% to 88.6%, p < 0.001) areas.Conclusion: The study demonstrated that the communication campaign before implementation of WFF program was effectively carried out, giving a biological impact on hematological indices. © 2010 Baizhumanova et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Salkhanova A.B.,Kazakh Academy of Nutrition | Kim D.K.,Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
Voprosy Pitaniia | Year: 2010

The goal of the survey is the analysis of economic efficiency at 20% one-time as well as 20% and 30% even reduction of anemia prevalence. Data of Agency on staticitcs, Ministry of Health of Republic of Kazakhstan, and research data of Kazakh Academy of Nutrition were used for computation. The prevalence of anemia amongst men aged 15-59 years was 28,1% and amongst women aged 15-59 years - 45,3%. The economic efficiency at the 20% one-time anemia prevalence reduction for 1 year accounts for 146,1 mln USD, at the 20% even reduction of anemia prevalence for 4 years -367,7mln USD for this period or 91, 9 mln USD per one year; and at 30% even reduction of anemia prevalence for 4 years -547 mln USD for this period or 136, 7 mln USD per 1 year.

Sharmanov T.,Kazakh academy of nutrition | Tazhibayev S.,Kazakh academy of nutrition | Alliyarova S.,Kazakh National Medical University | Salkhanova A.,Kazakh academy of nutrition | And 5 more authors.
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2016

Obesity is an unresolved public health problem, but it causes a variety of serious medical complications, reduces the quality of life and leads to increased morbidity and premature death. The article aimed to identify current epidemiological data on the prevalence of obesity by body composition measurements among adults older 15 years in the Southern regions of Kazakhstan. Research was conducted within the framework of scientific and research work "Comprehensive prevention of overweight and obesity epidemics in Kazakhstan". For present research we randomly selected 30 households from each of 18 Southern Kazakhstan Region clusters, making together 540 households. Body composition measurements include body mass index based on reported weight, height and additional measurements: waist and hip circumference.

Salkhanova A.B.,Kazakh Academy of Nutrition
Voprosy Pitaniia | Year: 2010

The article presents data on dynamics of anemia prevalence amongst women of 15-49 age and children as well as data on anemia prevalence amongst men in Kazakhstan. Anemia prevalence amongst women of reproductive age in 2006 and 2008 was higher than in 1999 (48,8%) and was comparable with data of 1995 survey. Anemia prevalence amongst children under 3 years in 1995 was 69,2%, children under 5 years in 1999 - 36,3% and children aged 6-59 months in 2008 - 47,4%. At present anemia prevalence amongst women and children is above 40% level that rates Kazakhstan as a country of severe risk. Anemia prevalence amongst men is 28%. The measures on improvement of anemia prevention in the country are recommended.

Sinyavsky Y.A.,Kazakh Academy of Nutrition | Tsoy N.O.,Astana Medical University
Voprosy Pitaniia | Year: 2014

Currently, one of discussed questions of acne etiopathogenesis is alimentary factors, in particular, national dietary habits at different regions and the role of diet. The purpose of this research: from the standpoint of evidence-based medicine to reveal the influence of dietary intake (energy value of the diet, macro-and micronutrients content) on the actual severity of acne in young people. We observed 180 respondents aged 15 to 25 years. The main group included 90 patients with moderate to severe acne, who were treated at the Center for Dermatology and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases in Astana, including 38 girls and 52 boys, mean age 20,5±4,3 years. The control group consisted of 90 apparently healthy subjects (36 girls and 54 boys, mean age 19,8±4,2 years) without even a single manifestation of non-inflammatory or inflammatory acne elements. Studying the actual food consumption was carried out by a 24-hour (daily) food recall using specially designed questionnaires and albums. Results: regular meals with excess energy value significantly contributes to the progression of disease severity in young people with acne [the power of influence in young men was 0,43 (43%), girls - 0,42 (42%)], the excess of the normal daily requirements for carbohydrates also significantly affect the severity of acne [the power of influence in young men -0,23 (23%), in girls - 0,35 (35%)], lack of vitamin A (retinol) and its provitamin (carotene) significantly affect the severity of acne (the power of influence in young men - 0,44 (44%) and 0,42 (42%), respectively, in girls - 0,46 (46%) and 0,31 (31%), respectively); in young men with severe acne vitamin D deficiency with a force of 0,3 (30%) significantly potentiates the inflammatory process; lack of zinc in the diet significantly affects the severity of the pathological process in severe forms of acne, the power of influence of this micronutrient in young men - 0,44 (44%), women - 0,34 (34%).

Smagulova I.E.,Kazakh Academy of Nutrition | Sharmanov T.Sh.,Kazakh Academy of Nutrition | Balgimbekov Sh.A.,Kazakh Academy of Nutrition
Voprosy Pitaniia | Year: 2013

Results of the study on the prevalence of anemia among women of reproductive age and children, residing in the various regions of Kazakhstan, are presented in the article. Representational sampling which takes into account the divisional principle of medical service of children population in each of the 14th areas, Astana and Almaty cities has been implemented. Research involved participation of 1303 women at the age of 15-49 years, and of 1318 children, 353 (26,8%) of whom were in the age of 6 up to 23 months, and 985 (73,2%). were in the age range of 24-59 months. 89 women were pregnant, which constituted 6,8%. The average hemoglobin level in the blood of pregnant women was 11,1±1,6 g/dL, which was significantly lower compared to that of non-pregnant women, for whom the figure was 12,1±1,6 g/dL. The average level of hemoglobin in the blood of children in the age range of 6-23 months was 10,7±1,4 g/dL, and was significantly lowerthan that of children in the age range of 24-59 months, for whom the figure was, in average, 11,5±1,4 g/dL (p<0,05). The rate of prevalence of iron deficiency anemia among pregnant women was 43,8%, among non-pregnant women - 39,0%, among children aged 6-59 months - 35,2%. It was found that the prevalence of anemia was significantly higher in children aged 6-23 months (53,3%) compared with children aged24-59 months (28,8%). As for degree of severity of anemia, mild formprevailedin all of the examined groups: children - 53,6%,pregnantwomen - 51,2% and non-pregnant - 77,2%. Moderate anemia was mostly diagnosed in children in the age range of 6 to 23 months and in pregnant women (50,5 and 43,6% relatively). Comprehensive program of prevention and control of iron-deficiency anemia among children and women includes food fortification, supplementation of target groups with iron preparation and folic acid, food diversification, monitoring and evaluation of program execution, as well a straining of medical students and medical staff with policies and strategies of struggle against iron-deficiency anemia.

Sinyavsky Yu.A.,Kazakh Academy of Nutrition | Kraysman V.A.,Kazakh Academy of Nutrition | Suleymenova Zh.M.,Kazakh Academy of Nutrition
Voprosy Pitaniia | Year: 2013

The article is dedicated to the use of a specialized fermented milk product on the basis of soybeans in cardiology practice. 45 patients of both sexes (27 men and 18 women) aged 38 to 69 years (mean age 53,7±3,1 years) who underwent macrofocal myocardial infarction and abide in the acute period and the period of early rehabilitation have been observed. The data obtained by the comparison of the dynamics of clinical, laboratory and functional parameters in patients, strongly suggests the possibility of increasingthe effectiveness of the basic treatment by anti-atherogenic diet with fermented soy drink, enriched with magnesium salts, water-soluble forms of β-carotene and α-tocopherol, ascorbic acid and selenium. 30-35 day inclusion of a fermented soy-based product in comprehensive treatment was accompanied by a marked lipid lowering effect, compared with the standard anti-atherogenic diet. Total cholesterol level in patients from the intervention group (n=21) decreased by 36,3 per cent, thus reaching the standard level, the corresponding figure in the control group (n=24) decreased by 24,7 per cent (the difference is statistically significant). Total number of rhythm and conduction disorders in patients receiving product was 1,43 per patient, while it reached 1,83 per patient on the basic therapy and a standard diet. The vast majority were beats, no cases of ventricular fibrillation and one case of atrioventricular block took place in patients from the experimental group. Paroxysmal and atrial fibrillation in the control group of patients were recorded 2 fold more often than in the main group. In addition, three cases of ventricular fibrillation were reported in patients from the control group. Early usage of soy drink 3 fold reduced the incidence of complications in the 10-14 day from the moment of macrofocal myocardial infarction. The frequency of angina attacks per week per patient more significantly reduced under nutritional support, compared with patients receiving standard therapy and diet. The decrease of mean number of nitroglycerin tablets taken per week for one person from the experimental group was equal to 9,0 fold, and in the control group - 2,43, this demonstrates a significant strengthening of the effectiveness of basic therapy with early administration of soy product. The recovery of ischemic changes in the electrocardiogram in patients receiving soy product was significantly decreased compared with those receiving standard therapy and anti-atherogenic diet, the degree of reduction in the intervention group was 43,3%, while in the control group - 27,5%. These data indicate that the use of soy product in a comprehensive early rehabilitation therapy of patients with macrofocal myocardial infarction significantly reduces the risk of arrhythmias and conduction.

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