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Kawanishi, Japan

Makino T.,Osaka University | Fujiwara Y.,Osaka University | Takiguchi S.,Osaka University | Tsuboyama T.,Osaka University | And 7 more authors.
Surgery | Year: 2011

Background and Purpose: Preoperative T staging demands high accuracy, because it greatly influences subsequent therapies in advanced gastric cancer. Patients and Methods: 616 patients with gastric cancer underwent multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT) before operation. The results were compared with operative and pathologic findings. Especially, we evaluated the correlations among the diagnostic accuracy of T staging and various clinicopathologic parameters by focusing on 276 patients who had detectable lesions by MDCT. Results: The overall diagnostic accuracy of preoperative T staging by MDCT was 90.9% (560/616). For each pathologic T stage, the accuracy was 95% for pT1, 76% for pT2-3, 92% for pT4a, and 75% for pT4b, respectively. Among the 276 patients, 239 (87%) were correctly staged by MDCT whereas 29 (11%) and 8 (3%) were over- or under-staged, respectively. Antral tumors (P = .045), and Borrmann type 1 tumors (P = .0001) were incorrectly T staged by MDCT, whereas differentiated type tumors tended to be over-staged. All patients with positive cytology (n = 12 cases) and peritoneal metastasis (n = 7 cases) diagnosed at laparotomy had been diagnosed as T4a or deeper by MDCT. The 5-year overall survival rates classified by preoperative T staging by MDCT (T1/T2-3/T4a/T4b) were 100%, 89%, 59%, and 31%, respectively, whereas those for each pT stage were 100%, 84%, 59%, and 19%. Conclusion: Preoperative T staging of gastric cancer by MDCT is highly accurate and could contribute to treatment strategies, particularly in advanced disease. © 2011 Mosby, Inc.

Hori Y.,Osaka University | Wada N.,Osaka University | Kohara M.,Osaka University | Kajio K.,Kawanishi Municipal Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Pathology Research and Practice | Year: 2010

An 80-year-old man presented with continuous spike fever and night sweats. Computed tomographic scans revealed a poorly demarcated mass in the upper part of the right kidney, which was resected. At surgery, tumorous lesions were not found in the abdominal cavity. Serum IgG4 level measured after surgery was 40.1 mg/dl. Macroscopically, renal parenchyma of the upper part was replaced by an irregularly shaped grayish-white lesion of elastic, firm consistency. Histologically, the lesion consisted mostly of fibrous tissue in which small lymphoid cells, often with formation of aggregates, were evident. IgG4-positive plasma cells were few in number. Careful macroscopic examination revealed several minute nodules, which histologically consisted of large lymphoid cells, small lymphoid cells, and macrophages. These large lymphoid cells were positive for CD20 and contained Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genome. Taken together, a diagnosis of EBV-positive B-cell lymphoproliferative disease (LPD) developing in inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) of the kidney was made. This is the first report of B-LPD in IPT of the kidney. In addition, a presence of EBV in renal lymphoma cells has not yet been reported. © 2009 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

Nushijima Y.,Suita Municipal Hospital | Nakano K.,Kawanishi Municipal Hospital | Sugimoto K.,Kawanishi Municipal Hospital | Nakaguchi K.,Kawanishi Municipal Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy | Year: 2014

A 47-year-old man with no history of anal fistula was admitted to our hospital with a complaint of perianal pain. Computed tomography (CT) imaging revealed perianal abscess. Incision and drainage were performed under spinal anesthesia. Ten months after drainage, magnetic resonance imaging revealed anal fistula on the left side of the anus. Subsequently, core-out and seton procedures were performed for ischiorectalis type III anal fistula. Pathological examination of the resected-specimen of anal fistula revealed a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, leading to the diagnosis of carcinoma associated with anal fistula. No distant metastases or enlarged lymph nodes were observed on positron emission tomography (PET)/CT. We performed abdominoperineal resection with wide resection of ischiorectalis fat tissue. The pathology results were tub2, A, ly0, v0, n0, PM0, DM0, RM0, H0, P0, M0, Stage II. Negative pressure wound therapy was performed for perineum deficiency, after which rapid wound healing was observed. Left inguinal lymph node recurrence was detected 8 months after surgery, for which radiotherapy was administered. Distant metastasis was detected 11 months after surgery. The patient died 21 months after surgery.

Nushijima Y.,Suita Municipal Hospital | Nakano K.,Kawanishi Municipal Hospital | Sugimoto K.,Kawanishi Municipal Hospital | Nakaguchi K.,Kawanishi Municipal Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy | Year: 2014

Metastatic gastric cancer is uncommon, and metastasis of colorectal cancer to the stomach is extremely rare. We report a case of metastatic gastric cancer that originated from transverse colon cancer. A 52-year-old woman underwent a left hemicolectomy and D3 lymph node dissection based on a diagnosis of transverse colon cancer. The pathology results were as follows: mucinous adenocarcinoma, type 2, 6 × 11 cm, ss, Iy1 v1, pm (-), dm (-), n1 (+), P0, H0, M0, Stage IIIa. The patient received XELOX as postoperative adjuvant therapy for 6 months. One year and 3 months after the left hemicolectomy, gastroscopy revealed a submucosal tumor in the lower body of the stomach and an incipient cancer in the cardia of the stomach, and a colonoscopy revealed an incipient cancer in the transverse colon. An endoscopic ultrasonography fine needle aspiration biopsy of the submucosal tumor in the lower body of the stomach was performed. Histology showed that this tumor was a mucinous adenocarcinoma similar to the primary transverse colon cancer, which led to a diagnosis of metastatic gastric cancer originating from transverse colon cancer. Distant metastasis was not detected. Endoscopic submucosal dissection of the incipient gastric cancer was performed, as were distal gastrectomy and partial colectomy. Peritoneal dissemination and para-aortic lymph node recurrence were detected 7 months after the second surgery.

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