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Katsina, Nigeria

Al-qalam University, Katsina - www.auk.edu.ng also called Al-qalam University, Katsina is located in Katsina State Nigeria. Wikipedia.

Mashi S.A.,University Of Abuja | Yaro A.,Katsina University | Jenkwe E.D.,University Of Abuja
Environment, Development and Sustainability | Year: 2015

This study examines the causes and consequences of gully erosion, as perceived by the local people of Dangara area, Nigeria. The study particularly seeks to explore the local people’s perceptions of gully erosion and how it affects crop, settlement development, crop yields, land ownership and values, rural economics and private conservation investments in Dangara area of Nigeria’s Federal Capital Territory. It is based on analysis of data collected using questionnaires administered to 346 respondents in the area. The responses received for the various aspects considered in evaluating the respondents’ perspectives of the processes, causative factors, consequences and control measures of gully erosion in the study area were subjective to Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA) to detect and explore relationships between knowledge of causes of gully erosion and use of conservation measures. The results obtained indicated that the major factors causing erosion that the respondents identified in order of preference were climate, land cover, hydrology, land use and topography. For the processes, the main ones identified were slope wash and valley slope retreat, while all the other (including potholing, solution, hydraulic action, corrosion and attrition) ones were ranked with zero (0) scores indicating that the respondents were not aware of them. In the case of consequences of gully erosion, the MCA analysis indicated that livelihood, infrastructure, economy and social life were the main ones. For measures of controlling gully erosion, the analysis revealed that engineering, mechanical, land use control and agronomic measures were the ones being applied. The results obtained thus indicated that (1) the farmers were familiar with gully erosion but less aware of splash, stream bank, sheet and rill erosion; (2) the farmers did not fully understand the processes involved in gully erosion; (3) the respondents’ personal traits significantly influenced the level of their perception of the problem in the area; (4) only the uneducated among the respondents claimed to largely be unaware of gully problem in the area; (5) most of the respondents were aware of gully erosion-control measures such as sand filling, terracing, afforestation, planting of cover crops, grazing control and road construction control but could not adopt to them; and (6) the main control measures being adopted by the people include avoiding cultivating steep slopes, contour ploughing across slope, stopping land scarification, crop rotation, bush burning control, fallowing and strip cropping. These findings suggest that promoting gully erosion control in the area requires that adequate attention be given towards educating the people on the processes of gully development and the values of adopting new control measures as well as those they were aware of but have not been adopting. Since the farmers were not adopting some of the measures they are aware of largely due to lack of technical and financial base, there is the need for the development and adoption of strategies that could improve their technical and financial capabilities to enhance their capability for adopting them. In order to enhance capacity of the people of the studied community, there is the need to develop and adopt strategies that could improve technical and financial bases of the people in the area. It was further recommended that any policy aimed at comprehensively addressing gully erosion in the area must address the differences in people’s perception of the problem at the outset. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source

Etong D.I.,UK Defence Science and Technology Laboratory | Mustapha A.O.,UK Defence Science and Technology Laboratory | Lawrence I.G.,Federal Polytechnic | Jacob A.G.,Katsina University | Oladimeji M.O.,University of Nigeria
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2014

The flours from cassava (Manihot esculenta), sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) and wheat {Triticum vulgare), were analyzed for proximate composition, functional properties and some anti-nutritional factors using standard methods. Results of proximate composition indicates that the ash contents ranges between 2.18-6.26%, with potato flour having the highest and cassava the least. The protein content ranges between 7.21-20.96% with cassava flour having the least and wheat the highest value. The fat content ranges between 0.45% for cassava to 9.60% for wheat, crude fiber 2.80% for potato to 6.19% for cassava, moisture content 7.20% for wheat to 8.23% for cassava, carbohydrate 53.89% for wheat to 75.74% for cassava and energy content 327.81 kcal for cassava to 385.56kcal for wheat. The result of functional properties indicates that water absorption capacity ranges between 125 to 210%, oil absorption capacity 168.30 to 191.68%, foaming capacity 4 to 27%, foaming stability 1 to 4%, emulsion stability 47 to 53%, least gelation 2 to 4%, bulk density 59.98 to 66.03%. Anti-nutritional factor indicates that the samples were richer in phytate than oxalates which ranges between 9.06 to 14.83 and 2.07 to 4.50 mg/g, respectively. These result shows that cassava and potato are suitable for the baking industry and blending makes them more acceptable due to synergetic effect. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2014. Source

Usman A.R.,University of Malaya | Usman A.R.,Katsina University | Khandaker M.U.,University of Malaya | Isa N.F.,Bayero University | Ahmed Y.A.,Ahmadu Bello University
IFMBE Proceedings | Year: 2016

Realizing the importance of individual elements to human body, 14 different food samples (mainly cereals: beans, millet, sorghum and rice) collected from two different countries; Nigeria and Republic of Niger, were analyzed using Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) for the determination of the elemental content. Despite the commercial activity of uranium in the Republic of Niger, the concentration of Uranium, Arsenic, Chromium etc. in the studied samples show below detection limit. Elevated concentrations of K, Ca and Mg were found from the sampled beans of this work. Daily intake per person of all assessed elements were estimated and compared with Recommended Daily Intake (RDI) to establish the accumulation information of mineral, toxic and radioactive elements in the body of people of Nigeria and Niger Republic. Assessed elemental concentrations were compared with the available literature data on relevant cereals, and found reasonable agreement. Analytical quality control service (AQCS) reference material (lichen) from International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was also irradiated and analyzed in this work for ensuring quality control of the method and facility (nuclear reactor) used. © International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering 2016. Source

Saulawa L.A.,Katsina University | Yaradua A.I.,Umaru Musa YarAdua University
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2014

Effect of different processing methods on chemical profile of Baobab (Adansonia digitata) seed meal was investigated. Raw Baobab seeds were collected for the study. Five different processing methods (Boiling, toasting, soaking, soak and boiling and sprouting) were used. All the processed seeds with the exception of toasted seeds were oven dried before milling for chemical analysis. Result of the study shows that raw baobab seed contains 28.85% CP with a reasonable amount of mineral and energy, it also contain some anti-nutritional factors. Processing significantly reduced crude protein, mineral and anti nutrition factors content but improved energy content. Boiling gave the least percentage reduction of crude protein and highest percentage reduction of anti nutritional factor. Boiling processing is recommended for baobab seed. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2014. Source

Chiromawa N.L.,Universiti Sains Malaysia | Chiromawa N.L.,Katsina University | Ibrahim K.,Universiti Sains Malaysia
Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing | Year: 2016

Recently, micro-lenses have attracted more attention among optoelectronics device application developers. This paper presents the micro-array of Si-Fresnel rings fabricated by the electron beam lithography and reactive ion etching. Fresnel rings units containing 11 concentric rings were created on the PMMA layer with the outermost Fresnel ring, having an external diameter of 45.24 μm, and are located ≈200 μm away from each other. These structures can be copied as the micro-array of Fresnel lenses for optoelectronics device applications. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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