Sotiropoulou A.,Technological Educational Institute of Athens |
Oikonomou G.,Hospital KAT |
Palaska E.,Technological Educational Institute of Athens
Epitheorese Klinikes Farmakologias kai Farmakokinetikes | Year: 2013
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bone mineral density and the quality of the bone mass are reduced, resulting in skeletal weakness and increased risk of fracture. Risk factors are divided into nonmodifiable and modifiable. Treatment of osteoporosis includes prevention, medication, exercise, and nutrition. The aim of treatment is the prevention of osteoporosis and of further bone loss so to reduce the risk of osteoporotic fracture. There are many treatments that help both on slowing the reduction in bone mineral density and on interruption of the reduction, but the choice of the type of treatment depends mainly on the clinical and laboratory evidence, on patient and physician collaboration and any side effects of medications.