Kasturba Hospital

Manipala, India

Kasturba Hospital

Manipala, India
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Colonic volvulus is a relatively uncommon cause of large bowel obstruction, accounting for 10% of colonic obstructions. Volvulus of the transverse colon is quite rare, accounting for only 4-11% of all reported cases. We report an unusual case of documented volvulus of the transverse colon in a pregnant woman with intestinal malrotation and concomitant acute intestinal obstruction by congenital bands and adhesions.

Naha K.,Kasturba Hospital | Karanth S.,Kasturba Hospital | Prabhu M.,Kasturba Hospital | Sidhu M.S.,Kasturba Hospital
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine | Year: 2012

We report the case of a young male who presented with features of aseptic meningitis and elevated serum liver enzymes, but no symptoms or signs suggestive of an acute hepatitis. Subsequently, he was diagnosed with dual infection with hepatitis A and E viruses, and recovered completely with symptomatic therapy. Isolated aseptic meningitis, unaccompanied by hepatitic features is an unusual presentation of a hepatotrophic viral infection, and is yet to be reported with hepatitis A and E virus co-infection. © 2012 Hainan Medical College.

Dasari S.,Kasturba Hospital | Naha K.,Kasturba Hospital | Prabhu M.,Kasturba Hospital
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine | Year: 2013

Objective: To identify characteristic features of tuberculosis in patients with culture proven brucellosis. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on patients diagnosed with culture proven brucellosis between January and December 2011, based on review of their medical records. Patients with demonstrable co-infection with tuberculosis were excluded. Clinical features, laboratory parameters and tissue histopathology reports where available were noted. Results: Thirty-two patients with brucellosis were included in the study. Twenty-one (65.63%) patients had chronic fever, thirteen (40.63%) had a productive cough, while significant weight loss, evening rise of temperature and night sweats were reported by eight (25.00%), eleven (34.38%) and five (15.63%) patients respectively. Nine (28.13%) patients had at least three of these symptoms. Lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly and splenomegaly were noted on examination in seven (21.88%), fifteen (46.88%) and twelve (37.50%) patients respectively. Eight (25.00%) patients had hepato-splenomegaly, of these only two had associated significant lymphadenopathy. Respiratory examination was normal in all patients. Elevated ESR greater than 50 mm/hr was seen in eight (25.00%), it was greater than 100 mm/hr in five (15.63%) patients. Hypergammaglobulinemia was seen in eight (25.00%) cases. Bone marrow biopsy showed non-caseating granulomas in three (9.38%) cases, lymph node biopsy showed granulomas in one case. Overall, three (9.38%) patients had known risk factors for tuberculosis, while six (18.75%) had risk factors for brucellosis. Conclusions: There is a clear overlap between brucellosis and tuberculosis both in terms of clinical presentation and laboratory parameters. It is essential to carefully rule out tuberculosis in all cases of suspected or proven brucellosis before initiating antimicrobial therapy, in order to forestall development of drug-resistant tuberculosis. © 2013 Hainan Medical College.

Dasari S.,Kasturba Hospital | Naha K.,Kasturba Hospital
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine | Year: 2011

A 22-year-old male presented with severe myalgias and backache of acute onset, as well as one episode of opisthotonus. On repeated questioning, he admitted to having consumed leaves of Strychnos nux-vomica with suicidal intent. He was treated conservatively with intravenous diazepam and analgesia and made a complete recovery. Strychnine poisoning is rarely encountered and poisoning by consumption of leaves is even rarer. This case demonstrates the potent toxicity of strychnine as well as the effectiveness of therapy when initiated early.

Naha K.,Kasturba Hospital
Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine | Year: 2012

To determine the range and incidence of complications associated with Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax) malaria. A retrospective analysis was performed of all patients of P. vivax malaria admitted in Kasturba Medical College, Manipal between January and December, 2010. Patients with mixed malarial infection were excluded by appropriate tests. Clinical presentation and laboratory parameters were studied. Medical records of 213 individuals who satisfied the inclusion criteria were reviewed. Anaemia was seen in 65 (30.5%), leucopenia in 38 (17.8%) and thrombocytopenia in 184 (86.4%) patients. Aspartate and alanine aminotransferases were elevated in 86 (40.4%), and 89 (41.9%) patients respectively. Hypoalbuminemia was observed in 157 (73.6%) cases. Elevated serum creatinine was noted in in 59 (27.5%) patients. Creatine kinase was elevated in 30 out of 59 patients (50.8%). Overall, 107 (50.2%) patients fulfilled WHO criteria for severe malaria. None of the patients succumbed to the disease. P. vivax malaria is a potentially severe disease, and the term "benign" tertian malaria is a misnomer. Despite significant morbidity, with timely and appropriate treatment P. vivax malaria has an excellent outcome. Copyright © 2012 Hainan Medical College. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Samuel S.R.,Manipal University India | Arun Maiya G.,Manipal University India | Babu A.S.,Manipal University India | Vidyasagar M.S.,Kasturba Hospital
Indian Journal of Medical Research | Year: 2013

Background & objectives: Patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) undergoing chemoradiotherapy (CRT) suffer from fatigue causing a decrease in functional capacity and quality of life (QoL). Limited research in the field of exercise training among these patients demanded the need for this study to assess the effects of exercise training on functional capacity and quality of life. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 48 patients with HNC undergoing CRT. The exercise group received an individually tailored, supervised, exercise programme for six weeks, while the control group did not receive any form of exercise. Functional capacity and QoL were assessed at baseline and at the end of the intervention using the six minute walk distance (6MWD) and medical outcomes survey short form 36 (SF 36). Results: The mean age of patients was 52 yr with 42 males. After six weeks, the 6MWD improved by 42 metres (P<0.05) in the exercise group while the control group showed a decrease by 96 metres (P<0.001). There was an improvement on the mental component score (MCS) of SF36 for the exercise group (4.8; P<0.05) and the physical component score (PCS) remained almost the same, while a decrease in PCS and MCS was seen in the control group (-5.9; P=0.064 and -17.3; P<0.05). When 6MWD and SF36 were compared between the groups, there was a statistically significant difference (P<0.001) seen after six weeks. Interpretation & conclusions: Our results showed that the functional capacity and QoL decreased among those not receiving a supervised exercise program, while exercise training improved functional capacity and QoL in HNC patients undergoing CRT.

Mehta V.,Kasturba Hospital | Balachandran C.,Kasturba Hospital
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology | Year: 2010

Metallic gold has long been regarded as a relatively safe and inert material when in contact with the skin and mucosal membranes, with only sporadic reports of allergic contact dermatitis. We report two cases, where persistent nodules developed at sites of gold piercing with gold jewelry with positive patch test reactions to gold.

Naha K.,Kasturba Hospital
Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine | Year: 2012

Pantoe agglomerans (P. agglomerans) is an unusual cause for sepsis in immunocompetent individuals, especially in the absence of characteristic risk factors. We report one such case occurring in a farmer, manifesting with severe illness. The severe nature of illness and the apparently spontaneous origin of septicemia underline the pathogenic potential of this organism. When coupled with the ubiquity of the organism, there is a definite possibility that this disease may become increasingly frequent in the near future, especially in agronomic countries like India. Further studies on the epidemiology and natural history of this disease are required. Copyright © 2012 Hainan Medical College. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Tolman C.J.,University Utrecht | Vaid T.,Kasturba Hospital | Schreuder H.W.R.,University Utrecht
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2012

Serum concentrations of CA-125 are rarely elevated beyond 1000 U/ml in benign conditions of the ovary in postmenopausal women. In this report, the authors present an unusual case of a 78-year-old woman with an extremely elevated CA-125 concentration of 2897 U/ml without the presence of a malignancy, ascites or pleural effusion. Imaging revealed a large intra-abdominal cystic mass with irregular solid deviations on CT scan, most likely arising from an ovary. Exploratory laparotomy was performed with suspicion of ovarian cancer but histopathological analysis revealed benign serous cystic adenofibroma. This case report highlights the diagnostic challenge of extremely increased levels of CA-125 in postmenopausal women. A possible explanation for this CA-125 elevation could be the mechanical stretch of the peritoneum. Copyright 2012 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

Rao V.R.K.,Kasturba Hospital | Mathuriya S.N.,PGIMER
Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences | Year: 2011

Pediatric aneurysms are different from adult aneurysms-they are more rare, are giant and in the posterior circulation more frequently than in adults and may be associated with congenital disorders. Infectious and traumatic aneursyms are also seen more frequently. Vein of Galen malformations are even rarer entities. They may be of choroidal or mural type. Based on the degree of AV shunting they may present with failure to thrive, with hydrocephalus or in severe cases with heart failure. The only possible treatment is by endovascular techniques-both transarterial and transvenous routes are employed. Rarely transtorcular approach is needed. These cases should be managed by an experienced neurointerventionist.

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