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Muraki M.,Sonographic Laboratory | Mikami T.,Hokkaido University | Yoshimoto T.,Kashiwaba Neurosurgery Hospital | Fujimoto S.,Kashiwaba Neurosurgery Hospital | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Roentgenology | Year: 2012

OBJECTIVE. The diagnostic power of carotid sonography in detecting plaque ulcers may be inadequate when using the conventional criteria. We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of new criteria that we devised through a preliminary analysis of 50 endarterectomy cases before the present series. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Thirty carotid arteries of 30 consecutive patients who underwent endarterectomy (28 men; age range, 46-83 years) were studied. In the long- and short-axis B-mode images of carotid arteries, the concavity of the plaque surface and the surface echo intensity were carefully investigated. The conventional criteria stipulate a concavity larger than 2 x2 mm with a well-defined back wall and flow reversal within the recess. Our new criteria specify a concavity in the plaque with the basal border echo weaker than that of the adjacent plaque surface, regardless of size. The final diagnosis was based on surgical and histologic findings. RESULTS. Among the 30 carotid arteries, 14 arteries had 14 ulcers at surgery. Seventeen concavities were detected by sonography, and 12 of them, including six smaller than 2 x 2 mm, were truly ulcers. Two concavities with an echo intensity of the basal border equal to or greater than that of the adjacent surface were not true ulcers. Only two of 14 ulcers were not detected by sonography. The sensitivity and specificity of the conventional criteria were 35.7% and 75.0%, respectively, and those of our new criteria were 85.7% and 81.3%, respectively. CONCLUSION. Our new criteria for the sonographic diagnosis of plaque ulcer are more useful than the conventional ones. © American Roentgen Ray Society. Source


Muraki M.,Sonographic Laboratory | Mikami T.,Hokkaido University | Yoshimoto T.,Kashiwaba Neurosurgery Hospital | Fujimoto S.,Kashiwaba Neurosurgery Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology | Year: 2016

We investigated the feasibility of using sonography of abnormal plaque motion to diagnose high-risk carotid lesions ranging from plaque rupture to ulcer formation. Fifty consecutive carotid arteries of 49 patients (71 ± 7 y, 37 males) who underwent carotid endarterectomy were investigated by carotid sonography to find a plaque concavity (sonographic ulcer [SU]), fine trembling motion inside the plaque (FTMI) and systolic retractive motion of the plaque surface (SRMS). Plaque rupture or ulcer, necrotic core and intra-plaque hemorrhage were determined at carotid endarterectomy. Twenty-two SUs, 41 cases of FTMI and 20 cases of SRMS were detected by carotid sonography. The sensitivity and specificity of SU in diagnosing plaque rupture or ulcer at carotid endarterectomy were 48% and 90%, and those of FTMI were 93% and 60%. Plaques with SRMS more frequently had both a necrotic core and intra-plaque hemorrhage than those without SRMS (80% vs. 30%, p = 0.0005). Abnormal plaque motion detected by carotid sonography is useful in detecting a ruptured or ulcerated plaque with a necrotic core and/or hemorrhage. © 2016 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Source

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