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Kiran M.S.,BGS Global Institute of Medical science | Mestri S.C.,Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Medical science | Jagadeesh N.,Vydehi Institute of Medical science and RC
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2015

As per the commission for Global Road Safety (2009), Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs) kill an estimated 1.3 million and injure 15 million people every year globally. In Asia, it is about 700,000 per year which is more than 50% of world's fatalities. As per 2009 statistics of India, RTA was around 4.9 lakhs, killing 1, 25,660 persons and injuring more than 5 lakhs. This can be deduced as one RTA occurring every minute and a fatality every 4 minutes. More than 50% of these fatalities are in the age group of 25-65 years, a productive wage earning and child raising age group, thus snatching the bread earner. The top five States in RTA are Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. As per 2009 statistics, Bangalore stands second to Ahmadabad in fatal RTAs. The pedestrian fatalities are maximum due to non availability of safe foot paths; erratic and reckless movement of traffic in busy lanes. Many cosmopolitan cities of India have become death traps for pedestrians (67.9%.) 1 The roads are poorly constructed with least importance given to pedestrian. The vehicle drivers in peak hours often use foot path too, if available! This study was conducted in IT hub of Bangalore, Whitefield. The movement of traffic is at its peak in morning (8AM-10AM) and evening (4PM- 6PM), being office going and leaving hours. This study is undertaken to evaluate the factors responsible to study the pattern of injuries to the pedestrians & also to suggest measures to prevent pedestrian accidents & thereby preventing morbidity & mortality. © 2015, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved. Source

Srinivasa Reddy P.,Sri Siddhartha Medical College | Mestri S.C.,Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Medical science
Journal of South India Medicolegal Association | Year: 2011

Stature is one of the important parameters to determine the physical identity of an individual. The present study was conducted to analyse the relationship between stature and finger lengths among 257 South Indian and North Indian subjects. Stature and finger lengths did not vary significantly between South and North Indian populations. Linear regression equations were deduced to estimate stature from the finger lengths. The correlation coefficients varied from 0.268 to 0.711. It is concluded that individual finger length can be used successfully to predict stature in a representative sample of the Indian population. © 2011 South India Medico-Legal Society. All rights reserved. Source

Kiran M.S.,BGS Global Institute of Medical science | Mestri S.C.,Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Medical science
Journal of South India Medicolegal Association | Year: 2015

Sexual offences started with the beginning of mankind, every civilization attempted to curb this offence with stringent measures but the menace multiplied and developed in the name of religion, heritage, culture and civilization. Most women are not aware of the laws relating to rape and other sexual offences and legal means available to them to punish the guilty. Their ignorance is also exploited by police, lawyers and their opponents. The loosening & erosion of ethical values, restrains in those persons who migrate from their home town to cities is the cause of rise in sexual offences. The advent of entertainment modes, devices and internet has added fuel. The women are being used as key for sexual perversions & making money. Now a day’s whole dimension of indecent assault has also changed. The problem of sexual offences is essentially social and only a strong protest movements by women’s organizations, social activists, civil rights groups and the public can eradicate this type of oppression and protect the human dignity of women. Sexual Offences; Rape; Socio economic status; Literacy. © 2015 South India Medico-Legal Association. All rights reserved. Source

Magendran C.,Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Medical science | Vijayakumari N.,Salem College
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2015

Establishment of identity of individuals whether alive or dead, remains to be the centre of all medico legal investigations. In cases of fragmented skeletal remains, metric traits are helpful in determination of stature. Studies have been conducted to determine maximum length of femur from its fragment for both sexes. As the fragments recovered in disasters are usually of unknown sex, the equations specific for either of the gender would not be of much use. Hence, this study aims at deriving a regression equation from pooled data of both sexes. The variables used in this study showed higher degree o f correlation, proving the efficiency of the equation. © 2015, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved. Source

Bharatwaj R.S.,Shri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical science | Muthukumar K.,Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Medical science
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2010

Introduction: Unfortified plant based foods do not contain Vit B12. The deficiency of the vitamin is markedly under-diagnosed and is widespread in the developing countries. Low B12 levels can have profound effects on the patient's well-being and if this condition is not detected and treated, it can lead to serious irreversible sequelae. There is no gold standard test for diagnosing the B12 deficiency. Materials and Methods: 121 vegans living as a group were assessed for the deficiency of Vit B12 by using a clinimetric tool. Those who were found positive were given parenteral B12 supplementation and were followed up for a three month period. The results were tabulated and analyzed by tests for the significance of the difference in the proportions. Results and Discussion: 91(75.2%) of participants were found to be positive for Vit B12 deficiency. The most common (90.1%) presentations were loss of appetite, excess fatigue, mood swings and irritability. The deficiency was significantly higher among the participants who were vegans for more than 5 years. The treatment with parenteral B12 brought about a dramatic improvement in 85.7% of the deficient participants. 93.5% of the participants who were found to be deficient did show a perceptible improvement in well being by the end of three months. Conclusion: Clinimetric approaches to detect Vit B12 deficiency, a majority of which is sub-clinical, as a primary care tool at least for the high risk groups, would definitely help in alleviating a big magnitude of suffering people in the general population. Source

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