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Jia D.,Karp Family Research Building | Jia D.,Harvard University | Huang L.,Karp Family Research Building | Huang L.,Harvard University | And 4 more authors.
FASEB Journal | Year: 2015

We have previously identified a zinc finger transcription factor, ZNF24 (zinc finger protein 24), as a novel inhibitor of tumor angiogenesis and have demonstrated that ZNF24 exerts this effect by repressing the transcription of VEGF in breast cancer cells. Here we focused on the role of ZNF24 in modulating the angiogenic potential of the endothelial compartment. Knockdown of ZNF24 by siRNA in human primary microvascular endothelial cells (ECs) led to significantly decreased cell migration and invasion compared with control siRNA. ZNF24 knockdown consistently led to significantly impaired VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2) signaling and decreased levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), with no effect on levels of major regulators of MMP-2 activity such as the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases and MMP-14. Moreover, silencing ZNF24 in these cells led to significantly decreased EC proliferation. Quantitative PCR array analyses identified multiple cell cycle regulators as potential ZNF24 downstream targets which may be responsible for the decreased proliferation in ECs. In vivo, knockdown of ZNF24 specifically in microvascular ECs led to significantly decreased formation of functional vascular networks. Taken together, these results demonstrate that ZNF24 plays an essential role in modulating the angiogenic potential of microvascular ECs by regulating the proliferation, migration, and invasion of these cells. © FASEB. Source


Coticchia C.M.,Karp Family Research Building | Coticchia C.M.,Harvard University | Curatolo A.S.,Karp Family Research Building | Zurakowski D.,Harvard University | And 7 more authors.
Gynecologic Oncology | Year: 2011

Objective: To determine whether urinary matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) predict the presence of ovarian cancer in patients with CA125 levels below the normal threshold of 35 U/mL, a critical group of patients for whom no ovarian cancer biomarker is currently available. To determine whether these noninvasive biomarkers provide clinically useful information in the general ovarian cancer patient population as well. Methods: ELISA analyses and substrate gel electrophoresis detected the levels and activity of urinary MMP-2, MMP-9, MMP-9/neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) complex, and MMP-9 dimer in all ovarian cancer patients (n = 97), those with CA125 < 35 U/mL (n = 26) and controls (n = 81). Results: In patients with CA125 < 35 U/mL, receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) area under curve (AUC) analysis demonstrated that either urinary MMP-2 or MMP-9 or NGAL significantly discriminated between controls and ovarian cancer patients with normal CA125. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that the combination of urinary MMP-2 and MMP-9 provided the best diagnostic accuracy when multiplexed. When further multiplexed with age, the diagnostic accuracy of these biomarkers increased to a significant AUC of 0.820. These findings were consistent among the general ovarian cancer population studied as well, where the combination of urinary MMP-2 and MMP-9 multiplexed with age resulted in a highly significant AUC of 0.881. Pearson chi-square analysis revealed that higher urinary levels of either MMP-2 or MMP-9 were strongly associated with the increasing percentage of women with ovarian cancer independent of CA125 levels. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the potential utility of urinary MMP-2 and MMP-9 to differentiate between ovarian cancer patients with normal CA125 levels and controls and suggests that urinary MMP-2 and MMP-9 may be a clinically useful aid in the diagnosis of advanced or recurrent ovarian cancer. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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