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Gyongyos, Hungary

Bozo P.,Karoly Robert College
10th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference and EXPO - Modern Management of Mine Producing, Geology and Environmental Protection, SGEM 2010 | Year: 2010

In this presentation you will get a brief overview about experiences about the development of National Environmental Information System in Hungary. Regular collection of environmental data in Hungary goes back to the early eighties, parallel with establishment of administrative structure for environment management. Different environmental media was managed by different administrative bodies resulting in a lot of confusions and delays both in administrative procedures and reporting the state of environment. After the change in the political and economical structure in Hungary in 1990, we faced the following problems: legal regulation for data collection was outdated, there were several databases, but in different form, both from technical and organizational point of view. Our solution was based on three pillars to overcome these difficulties. Firstly, according to new Environmental Protection Act in 1995, we introduced new regulations for environmental data collection, secondly we set up a National Environmental Information Center and thirdly we elaborated a unique identification system. As most of the environmental data connected to a geographical location we chose GIS for proper managing our environmental data. The elaborated identification system helped us to build up a nationwide GIS based Environmental Information System. The System was developed in modules, step by step, but the different modules could be linked to each other very easily due to our unique ID system. The system consists of two parts: one for administrative professionals and one for general public. The presentation is a sum up of the lessons learned from the nearly tenyear-long development procedure.

David L.,Karoly Robert College
Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes | Year: 2011

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide an insight into the purpose and development of responsible and sustainable tourism. Moreover, to present a critique of existing approach taken and to provide industry solutions towards key aspects, such as nature area tourism, eco-tourism, and rural development/tourism. Design/methodology/approach: In doing so, the paper will reconcile elements of responsible tourism and ecology within destination management. Whilst within a context of the tourism industry, the article will present a best practice approach for industry. Findings: Sustainable and responsible rural tourism development is unachievable without the application of ecological thinking. Consequently, tourism ecology naturally helps develop the tourism of rural areas based on local natural, social and cultural resources. Nevertheless, it is also an expectation that actors of the system, i.e. tourists must continue an active and responsibly sustainable practice. Practical implications: Sustenance of tourism is a double task: industry has to provide long-term reservation and guarantee that entrepreneurs' input of capital will return and at the same time, improve their economic prospects. Sustainable tourism has to be endurable and economically executable on the long term, but at the same time, it has to be socially and ethically fair in relation to the host community. Originality/value: This viewpoint presents an insight into tourism ecology from a variety of disciplines to form a rational approach to contemporary sustainable tourism. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

David L.,Karoly Robert College
WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment | Year: 2010

This paper draws attention to the fact that natural disasters can be very damaging for the tourism industry. The study provides a detailed overview on the possibilities of the mitigations of natural hazards and disasters. Firstly, the River Tisza in Hungary is a very important tourism destination, but, after decades of unusually dry weather periods, the area experienced heavy rainfalls between the years of 1988 and 2002, causing floods of considerable magnitude in the Carpathian Basin and several dangerous flood waves passing down the River. The defence against the raging rivers put an enormous burden on the national budget and yet could not provide satisfactory lines of defence in the end. Therefore, there was an urgent need to solve the problem. This project is the largest and greatest regional development plan ever conceived and implemented in the Carpathian Basin. The rural and regional development opportunities are considerable and the economic and infrastructural improvements will be a challenge for the Hungarian institutions and authorities. Secondly, more and more natural disasters appeared in the Carpathian Basin caused by storms and tempests. Very important tourism destinations, High Tatras in Slovakia, Hungarian and Rumanian mountains, were destroyed by huge natural disasters. To preserve the harmony and balance between the tourism industry and nature, and to defend against disasters, the best strategies can be found based on sustainable tourism and destination planning. The author proposes recommendations to help identify the correct solutions. © 2010 WIT Press.

Kereszt A.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | Kereszt A.,Karoly Robert College | Mergaert P.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Kondorosi E.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | Kondorosi E.,French National Center for Scientific Research
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions | Year: 2011

Symbiosomes are organelle-like structures in the cytoplasm of legume nodule cells which are composed of the special, nitrogen-fixing forms of rhizobia called bacteroids, the peribacteroid space and the enveloping peribacteroid membrane of plant origin. The formation of these symbiosomes requires a complex and coordinated interaction between the two partners during all stages of nodule development as any failure in the differentiation of either symbiotic partner, the bacterium or the plant cell prevents the subsequent transcriptional and developmental steps resulting in early senescence of the nodules. Certain legume hosts impose irreversible terminal differentiation onto bacteria. In the inverted repeat-lacking clade (IRLC) of legumes, host dominance is achieved by nodule-specific cysteine-rich peptides that resemble defensin-like antimicrobial peptides, the known effector molecules of animal and plant innate immunity. This article provides an overview on the bacteroid and symbiosome development including the terminal differentiation of bacteria in IRLC legumes as well as the bacterial and plant genes and proteins participating in these processes. © 2011 The American Phytopathological Society.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: REGIONS-2008-1-01 | Award Amount: 827.80K | Year: 2009

The overall objective of RESGen project is to create realistic grounds and practical tools for developing regional energy self sufficiency, and potential innovative regional research-driven clusters across the EU. This objective will be achieved through a Workplan consisting of six WPs, being WP1 project management and coordination. WP2 will intend to boost and increase the understanding of the regional sustainable energy concept as well as to identify, assess and compare regional capacities and capabilities or research driven clusters to generate sustainable energy and related economic development. WP3 will produce Road Maps and Vision 2010-2020 for the regions involved. WP4 will lead to the definition of Joint Action Plan for further collaboration. In WP5 Mentoring activities will be implemented concentrating on mutual learning and exchange of knowledge. WP6 will be devoted to Communication and Dissemination. RESGen will have a strong and clear focus on external communication and dissemination right form the beginning. The RESGen consortium brings together nine partners, from four different EU regions and countries. Each region is represented with businesses, academic/research institutions and local/regional government body. Partners from Finland are Regional Council of Ostrobothnia, University of Vaasa - Vaasa Energy Institute, Oy Merinova Ab. Partners from Spain are Fundacin Labein, Ente Vasco de la Energa and Cluster de Energa del Pas Vasco. Partners from Hungary are North-Hungarian Regional Innovation Agency and Kroly Rbert College and from the UK Cornwall County Council.

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