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Bidar, India

Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries science University is a public university. It was established by an Act of Karnataka Legislative Assembly which was passed on 10 February 2004. The university was formerly established and inaugurated on 28 February 2005. This university has its headquarters in the Bidar district of Karnataka state of India.As the name says this university was created for the education and control of veterinary, animal and fisheries science education in the state of Karnataka. As many as 21 allied institutions including colleges, research institutions, veterinary hospitals among others and the employees are transferred to the new university. These include Veterinary College, Bangalore; College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry and Veterinary College, Bidar; Veterinary College Hospital, Hebbal; Dairy Science College, Bangalore; Rural Veterinary Hospital at Yelahanka; District Veterinary Hospital, Bidar of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services Department.Institutions relating to fisheries which are transferred under the new university include College of Fisheries at Mangalore; Fisheries Research Station, Hesaraghatta; Fisheries Research Station, Ankola; Fish Seed Production farms at Munirabad and Shivapura, in Koppal district.Other institutions under the university are the Institute of Animal Health and Veterinary Biologicals, Bangalore; livestock farm at Hesaraghatta; Livestock Breeding and Training Centre, Kurikuppe, Bellary; Devani Cattle Breeding Station, Hallikhed, Bidar; Killar Breeding Station, Arabhavi; Sheep Breeding, Bandoor, Malavalli; Main Research Station, Hebbal; Agriculture Research Station at Mangalore and Nagamangala and Zonal ARS at Konnehally, Tiptur. Wikipedia.

Krishnamoorthy U.,Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University | Robinson P.H.,University of California at Davis
Animal Feed Science and Technology

Experiments which used crossbred cows and heifers, from peer review publications originating from the Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University (Bidar) and Veterinary College (Bengaluru) in India were used to determine if ruminal microbial N (MN) supply could be predicted based upon the partitioning factor (PF, mg in vitro true digested organic matter: ml gas) of the diets fed to the cattle, their rate of gas production in vitro (k, /h,) as well as the neutral detergent fibre (NDFom) and crude protein levels of the diets. The MN supply to the duodenum was quantified based on allantoin excretion in urine. The five published experiments included 15 treatment groups. Multiple correlation analysis showed that the quadratic component of diet NDFom (P=0.02) and the linear (P<0.01) and quadratic (P<0.01) components of diet k (i.e., r2=0.87) predicted supply of microbial N (MN) to the duodenum according to the equation: MN (g/kg ADOM)=-25.7+(1402*k)-(10177.4*k2)-(0.0000163*NDFom2) [SEP=0.81], where k is in unit/h and NDFom is g/kg DM. Residuals of predicted versus actual MN values showed equal distribution. Changes in predicted values of MN were judged to be consistent with our understanding of their function in the rumen, as well as quantitatively consistent with published values determined in vivo. Overall, according to the prediction equation, supply of MN increases with increasing low levels of NDFom in the diet, but is maximized at all dietary NDFom levels with a dietary in vitro rate of gas production of 0.065-0.070/h. Results support utilizing in vitro rate of gas production in diet formulation, but not PF, although research with higher production ruminants is warranted. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. Source

Rehnstam-Holm A.-S.,Kristianstad University College | Atnur V.,Gothenburg University | Atnur V.,Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University | Godhe A.,Gothenburg University
Microbial Ecology

The bacteria Vibrio parahaemolyticus is an important component of coastal ecosystems worldwide, and in recent years, V. parahaemolyticus has caused several cases of food-borne gastroenteritis. However, research investigating which parameters are important in regulating V. parahaemolyticus abundance in tropical areas with relatively stable temperatures and salinity are largely lacking. The objective here was to investigate which environmental forces are driving elevated abundances of V. parahaemolyticus in a tropical oligotrophic coastal area in the Arabian Sea. We analysed a large number of environmental parameters in parallel with cell densities of V. parahaemolyticus and Vibrio spp. Abundance data was obtained using real-time PCR, during two different sampling periods, representative for two distinct seasons. Water temperature and salinity were stable during and between sampling periods, but V. parahaemolyticus abundances were on average six times higher during the first sampling period in December, compared to the second period in February-March. V. parahaemolyticus abundance was found to be positively correlated to inorganic phosphate concentration and copepod abundance. We thus hypothesise that these are important factors regulating V. parahaemolyticus abundance in coastal tropical areas during these periods. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Saravanan V.,Gothenburg University | Saravanan V.,Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University | Godhe A.,Gothenburg University
European Journal of Phycology

Water samples and plankton net hauls were collected 24 times from Gullmar Fjord on the Swedish west coast from February 2004 to March 2005. The abundance of Skeletonema marinoi was estimated and individual clones isolated. Abundance was highest during the spring blooms in February to March. Subsequently, S. marinoi was detected in all samples but at lower abundances. At the end of September a second peak was recorded. All clones were pre-adapted to the same culturing conditions for more than 1.5 years. Large subunit (LSU) rDNA (D1-D3) was sequenced from 23 clones isolated from three different seasons, February, June and September. Six microsatellite loci were genotyped for 19 clones to estimate within-season genetic diversity. Three clones from each season were selected for physiological experiments at different salinity and temperature combinations and monitored for average number of divisions per day, maximum cell densities, biovolume, and total RNA concentration per cell. Differentiation of physiological response among the clones was partly attributed to the month of isolation. The February isolates had a significantly higher division rate and larger biovolumes, while the September clones attained higher cell densities. The June clones were isolated during the time of the year when the natural abundance is lowest, and exhibited the smallest genetic and physiological variation, which suggests that they were under strong selection pressure. The differential physiological responses and degree of genetic heterogeneity among seasonally separated clones could indicate that different populations succeed each other in the fjord. © 2010 British Phycological Society. Source

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP-SICA | Phase: KBBE.2011.2.5-02 | Award Amount: 3.97M | Year: 2012

Food security is a major concern for all countries in the face of population increase and diminishing energy and water supplies. Over one billion people in low and middle income countries suffer from malnutrition. To meet the UN Millennium Development Goals to eradicate hunger and poverty, it is essential to reduce post harvest losses, including in the fisheries sector. The overall objectives of SECUREFISH are to strengthen capacity in low cost technology; to improve the preservation of existing fish supplies; to utilise waste and bycatch to produce value-added products; to develop an integrated quality management tool and finally to test the developed technology and quality management tool in different real third country conditions. There are six work packages (WP). WP1 will ensure the efficient management of the project. WP2 will develop low cost innovative processing tools based on traditional technology for preserving fish including a solar tunnel drier, a modified solar assisted extruder and fast freezing/ continuous atmosphere freeze-drier (CAFD). In WP3, underutilised bycatch and waste by-products of fish processing will be recovered and converted to high value products. WP4 will develop an effective total quality management tool (safety and risk assessment; HACCP quality cost and traceability, nutritional and eating quality and carbon footprint) of three fish product chains (solar dried, extruded and frozen/CAFD) which will be tailored to suit local needs. The technological advances (WP2) and quality management tool (WP4) will be evaluated in the three fish product chain case studies in Africa (Kenya, Namibia, Ghana), Asia (India and Malaysia) and Latin America (Argentina) to include different economic, cultural and social conditions. The case studies involve stakeholders including SMEs to ensure sustained implementation of project results. WP6 details a strategy for education, training and dissemination to widely promote the results and guidelines.

Binsi P.K.,Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University | Shamasundar B.A.,Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University
Food Chemistry

The transglutaminase (TGase) enzyme from four different fish species, namely bigeye snapper, Indian oil sardine, tilapia and common carp have been isolated and characterised. The specific activity of the enzyme was higher in tilapia followed by oil sardine, common carp and bigeye snapper. The molecular weight of pure TGase was found to be in the range of 73-95 kD for four different fish species. The temperature optima for maximum activity of TGase varied amongst four species studied. The effect of activator (calcium chloride) and inhibitors (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), ammonium chloride and free lysine-hydrochloride) at different concentrations on the TGase enzyme activity have been evaluated. The addition of isolated TGase to fish mince from Cynoglossus sp. was attempted in order to evaluate the setting and gelling ability. The setting and gelling ability of fish mince in presence of TGase improved considerably as revealed by small strain and large strain test. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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