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Dodamani M.S.,Karnataka Veterinary and Fishery Science University
Veterinary World | Year: 2011

In the last few decades poultry industry has transformed from mere back yard poultry to commercial farm, but the issues of food safety and quality remains unaddressed. Hence, organic poultry farming has become as an approach to address these issues. This paper attempts to discuss the various issues of organic farming along with necessary interventions required in poultry breeding, feeding, housing and health care management under Indian Scenario. Further, necessary policy interventions were also suggested in order to promote organic poultry farming.

Vivekananda,Karnataka Veterinary and Fishery science University | Shome R.,Karnataka Veterinary and Fishery science University | S Isloor S.,Karnataka Veterinary and Fishery science University | Rathnamma D.,Karnataka Veterinary and Fishery science University | And 4 more authors.
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2012

Isolation, serological tests and molecular methods were adopted for the diagnosis of brucellosis in sheep flocks with history of reproductive disorders. Three serological tests RBPT, STAT and iELISA were employed to screen 527 sheep from 6 farms. Among serological tests, iELISA detected higher positives (14.80%), than RBPT (5.88%) and STAT (4.17%). Brucella melitensis was isolated from 6 of 33 seropositive sheep and none from seronegative animals. All the isolates were identified as B. melitensis by biochemical tests and confirmed by genus and species specific - AMOS PCR. None of the isolates yielded products of 285bp, 976bp and 498bp specific for B. suis, B. ovis and B. abortus, respectively. Of the 33 seropositive sheep, the bcsp31genus specific amplicon of 223bp was observed in 26 vaginal, 6 serum and 2 in blood samples. Vaginal samples was found suitable clinical sample for the isolation and PCR, followed by serum and blood. Different diagnostic approaches used in the present study are of value as anti Brucella antibodies and antigen were detected confirming the disease in sheep flock. This practically oriented approach is of immense importance, as it enables to institute the control strategies at the earliest.

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