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Münsterlingen, Switzerland

Fierz F.C.,Spital Davos | Kistler W.,Spital Davos | Stenz V.,Kantonsspital Munsterlingen | Gubler C.,Universitatsspital Zurich
Case Reports in Gastroenterology | Year: 2013

Acute esophageal variceal bleeding in patients with portal hypertension remains a complication with a high mortality today. In cases refractory to standard therapy including endoscopic band ligation and pharmacological therapy, traditionally balloon tamponade has been used as salvage therapy. However, these techniques show several important limitations. Self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) have been proposed as an alternative rescue treatment. The use of variceal stenting in 7 patients with a total of 9 bleeding episodes in three different Swiss hospitals is demonstrated. While immediate bleeding control is achieved in a high percentage of cases, the 5-day and 6-week mortality rate remain high. Mortality is strongly influenced by the severity of the underlying liver disease. Accordingly, our data represent a high-risk patient collective. Thanks to their safety and easy handling, SEMS are an interesting alternative to balloon tamponade as a bridging intervention to definitive therapy including the pre-hospital setting. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Morell B.K.,Kantonsspital Munsterlingen
BMJ case reports | Year: 2010

We report the case of a young man with a history of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and mild cognitive impairment who presented with chronic fatigue, anorexia and progressive darkening of the skin. On laboratory testing, severely depressed concentrations of morning cortisol, along with highly elevated values of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) revealed primary adrenal insufficiency as the primary cause of the patient's symptomatology. Imaging of the brain showed altered signal intensities in the parieto-occipital regions of the brain. The demonstration of increased very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA) established the diagnosis of adolescent X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD). Presenting at an advanced yet slowly progressive stage the patient was not a suitable candidate for haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), and treatment focused on hormone replacement therapy, family counselling and supportive care. On follow-up visits within the following year, fatigue had diminished and there was no evidence of progressive neurological deficits. However, exacerbation of the psychiatric symptomatology resulted in admittance to a psychiatric ward. Source

Christ-Crain M.,University of Basel | Thomann R.,Burgerspital Solothurn | Hoess C.,Kantonsspital Munsterlingen | Henzen C.,Luzerner Kantonsspital | And 2 more authors.
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | Year: 2015

Background: The added value of biomarkers, such as procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), and white blood cells (WBC), as adjuncts to clinical risk scores for predicting the outcome of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is in question. We investigated the prognostic accuracy of initial and follow-up levels of inflammatory biomarkers in predicting death and adverse clinical outcomes in a large and well-defined cohort of CAP patients. Methods: We measured PCT, CRP and WBC on days 1, 3, 5, and 7 and followed the patients over 30 days. We applied multivariate regression models and area under the curve (AUC) to investigate associations between these biomarkers, the clinical risk score CURB-65, and clinical outcomes [i.e., death and intensive care unit (ICU) admission]. Results: Of 925 patients with CAP, 50 patients died and 118 patients had an adverse clinical outcome. None of the initial biomarker levels significantly improved the CURB-65 score for mortality prediction. Follow-up biomarker levels showed significant independent association with mortality at days 3, 5, and 7 and with improvements in AUC. Initial PCT and CRP levels were independent prognostic predictors of adverse clinical outcome, and levels of all biomarkers during the course of disease provided additional prognostic information. Conclusions: This study provides robust insights into the added prognostic value of inflammatory markers in CAP. Procalcitonin, CRP, and to a lesser degree WBC provided some prognostic information on CAP outcomes, particularly when considering their kinetics at days 5 and 7 and when looking at adverse clinical outcomes instead of mortality alone. © 2015 by De Gruyter. Source

Fietzek U.M.,Schon Klinik Munich Schwabing | Kossmehl P.,Neurological Rehabilitation Medical Center | Schelosky L.,Kantonsspital Munsterlingen | Ebersbach G.,Kliniken Beelitz
European Journal of Neurology | Year: 2014

Background and purpose: Spastic pes equinovarus is a frequent pathological posture of the lower extremity. Botulinum toxin (BoNT/A) has been successfully applied to treat lower limb spasticity. However, the best time to initiate treatment remains unclear. A beneficial effect of an early treatment has been suggested in previous studies. Methods: A single-centre double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial was performed to investigate the efficacy of BoNT/A to reduce muscle hypertonicity at the ankle. Fifty-two patients with unilateral or bilateral spastic pes equinovarus with a modified Ashworth score (mAS) of at least 1+ after stroke, traumatic brain injury or hypoxic encephalopathy were allocated to receive either BoNT/A or placebo treatment. A second, open injection was optional at week 12. Patients received unilateral or bilateral injections with 230 or 460 U onabotulinumtoxinA, respectively. The course of the mAS was explored during the open study phase. Results: Patients who had received BoNT/A treatment had lower mAS compared with placebo at week 12 (P < 0.01). During the open label phase, patients from the placebo group showed further deterioration of muscle tone despite starting from a similar baseline and receiving BoNT treatment. Spastic feet that had received BoNT/A in the first cycle had comparatively lower mAS scores over all follow-up data and at week 24 (P < 0.01). Conclusions: The study demonstrates a reduction of muscular hypertonicity in spastic pes equines with BoNT/A treatment given during the first 3 months after the lesion. Exploratory analyses of the course of muscular hypertonicity during the open phase favour earlier to later treatment. © 2014 EAN. Source

Benz R.,Kantonsspital Munsterlingen | Schanz U.,University of Zurich | Maggiorini M.,University of Zurich | Seebach J.D.,University of Geneva | Stussi G.,Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland
Bone Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2014

A considerable number of patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) develop post-transplant complications requiring intensive care unit (ICU) treatment. Whereas the indications and the outcome of ICU admission are well known, the risk factors leading to ICU admission are less well understood. We performed a retrospective single-center study on 250 consecutive HSCT patients analyzing the indications, risk factors and outcome of ICU admission. Of these 250 patients, 33 (13%) were admitted to the ICU. The most common indications for admission to the ICU were pulmonary complications (11, 33%), sepsis (8, 24%), neurological disorders (6, 18%) and cardiovascular problems (2, 6%). Acute GvHD and HLA mismatch were the only significant risk factors for ICU admission in multivariate analysis. Among patients admitted to the ICU, the number of organ failures correlated negatively with survival. Twenty-one (64%) patients died during the ICU stay and the 6-month mortality was 85% (27 out of 33). SAPS II score underestimated the mortality rate. In conclusion, acute GvHD and HLA mismatch were identified as risk factors for ICU admission following allogeneic HSCT. Both, short- and long-term survival of patients admitted to the ICU remains dismal and depends on the number of organ failures. Source

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