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Ni Mhurchu C.,Medical Research Council Human Nutrition Research | Ni Mhurchu C.,University of Auckland | Capelin C.,Kantar Worldpanel | Dunford E.K.,George Institute for International Health | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2011

Background: In the United Kingdom, sodium reduction targets have been set for a large number of processed food categories. Assessment and monitoring are essential to evaluate progress. Objectives: Our aim was to determine whether household consumer panel food-purchasing data could be used to assess the sodium content of processed foods. Our further objectives were to estimate the mean sodium content of UK foods by category and undertake analyses weighted by food-purchasing volumes. Design: Data were obtained for 21,108 British households between October 2008 and September 2009. Purchasing data (product description, product weight, annual purchases) and sodium values (mg/100 g) were collated for all food categories known to be major contributors to sodium intake. Unweighted and weighted mean sodium values were calculated. Results: Data were available for 44,372 food products. The largest contributors to sodium purchases were table salt (23%), processed meat (18%), bread and bakery products (13%), dairy products (12%), and sauces and spreads (11%). More than one-third of sodium purchased (37%) was accounted for by 5 food categories: bacon, bread, milk, cheese, and sauces. For some food groups (bread and bakery, cereals and cereal products, processed meat), purchase-weighted means were 18-35% higher than unweighted means, suggesting that market leaders have higher sodium contents than the category mean. Conclusion: The targeting of sodium reduction in a small number of food categories and focusing on products sold in the highest volumes could lead to large decreases in sodium available for consumption and therefore to gains in public health. © 2011 American Society for Nutrition. Source


Eyles H.,University of Auckland | Webster J.,The George Institute for Global Health | Webster J.,University of Sydney | Jebb S.,Medical Research Council Human Nutrition Research | And 4 more authors.
Preventive Medicine | Year: 2013

Objective: In 2006 the UK Food Standards Agency (FSA) introduced voluntary sodium reduction targets for more than 80 categories of processed food. Our aim was to determine the impact of these targets on the sodium content of processed foods in the UK between 2006 and 2011. Method: Household consumer panel data (n > 18,000 households) were used to calculate crude and sales-weighted mean sodium content for 47,337 products in 2006 and 49,714 products in 2011. Two sample t-tests were used to compare means. A secondary analysis was undertaken to explore reformulation efforts and included only products available for sale in both 2006 and 2011. Results: Between 2006 and 2011 there was an overall mean reduction in crude sodium content of UK foods of - 26. mg/100. g (p ≤ 0.001), equivalent to a 7% fall (356. mg/100. g to 330. mg/100. g). The corresponding sales-weighted reduction was - 21. mg/100. g (- 6%). For products available for sale in both years the corresponding reduction was - 23. mg/100. g (p < 0.001) or - 7%. Conclusion: The UK FSA voluntary targets delivered a moderate reduction in the mean sodium content of UK processed foods between 2006 and 2011. Whilst encouraging, regular monitoring and review of the UK sodium reduction strategy will be essential to ensure continued progress. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source


News Article | August 11, 2016
Site: http://www.techtimes.com/rss/sections/smartphone.xml

Apple - Here's What You May Not Know The iPhone SE was the best-selling smartphone in the UK, outperforming other top-end handsets in the second quarter of this year. Data from global market research firm Kantar Worldpanel show that the iPhone SE became the top-selling mobile phone in the UK in Q2 of 2016 with a market share of 9.2 percent. The iPhone 6s was at the second position with 9.1 percent market share. The high sales of the iPhone SE as well as the iPhone 6s helped iOS grow in the UK during the quarter. "Together they contributed to iOS growth of 3.1 percentage points to 37.2% in the second quarter of 2016," says Kantar Worldpanel. Apart from the UK, iOS smartphone sales also increased marginally in the U.S., while Android mobile phone sales declined slightly in the country. "iOS grew 1.3 percentage points year-over-year, accounting for 31.8% of smartphone sales in the second calendar quarter of 2016. Android accounted for 65.5% of smartphone sales, a small decline from the 66.1% of the same period a year ago," added Kantar. Although the iPhone SE overshadowed all other mobile phones in the UK, it was not the same in the U.S. Kantar notes that the combined iPhone 6s and iPhone 6s Plus sales during Q2 of 2016 was 15.1 percent, which made them the top-selling smartphones in the quarter in the U.S. The second position was held by Samsung Galaxy S7 and Galaxy S7 edge, which accounted for 14.1 percent of overall smartphone sales. The iPhone SE is still popular being the third best-selling smartphone in the country with a market share of 5.1 percent. Over the last few years, more smartphone customers have been looking to purchase a handset with a screen size of 5 inches or above, which led Apple to increase the display size of its new flagship handsets, the iPhone 6 lineup. However, it turns out many customers still prefer using a small, easy-to-carry smartphone. After a gap of two years, Apple announced and released the 4-inch iPhone SE in March. The smartphone packs in similar features found on the iPhone 6s but in a smaller form factor, which has attracted those looking for a smaller handset. According to an International Data Corporation (IDC) report, iPhone global shipments declined from 47.5 million units in Q2 of 2015 to 40.4 million units in Q2 of 2016, a drop of 15 percent year-over-year. However, the iPhone SE was able to entice customers in many regions of the world. "The new 4-inch iPhone SE proved successful in both emerging and developed markets as the new SE has captured many first-time smartphone buyers as well as Android users switching over to the Apple ecosystem," says IDC. Apple is expected to launch the next-gen iPhone 7 and the iPhone 7 Plus in September this year. Smartphone sale numbers in many parts of the world will undoubtedly change after the newest iPhones are finally released. © 2016 Tech Times, All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.


News Article
Site: http://news.yahoo.com/green/

Journalists follow the presentation of Huawei's new smartphone, the Mate S, ahead of the IFA Electronics show in Berlin, Germany, September 2, 2015. REUTERS/Hannibal Hanschke/Files More HONG KONG (Reuters) - Huawei Technologies Co became the first Chinese handset vendor to ship more than 100 million smartphones in a year when its 2015 shipments defied a market slowdown and jumped 44 percent, thanks to strong sales domestically and in Western Europe. Shenzhen-based Huawei disclosed on Wednesday it shipped 108 million smartphones last year, as it sought to shed its budget supplier image to target higher-margin premium models. In comparison, the global industry is expected to have grown at a single-digit rate in 2015 for the first time. Huawei's upbeat performance comes at a time when industry leaders Samsung Electronics Co and Apple Inc are potentially facing a tough year ahead. Samsung said it expected a difficult business environment in 2016 due to a weak global economy and heightened competition, while a Nikkei report said Apple was expected to cut production of its latest iPhone models by about 30 percent in the January-March quarter due to mounting inventories. Chinese handset makers are providing stiffer competition for the smartphone industry giants as cost-conscious consumers are looking for cheaper alternatives with similar features and frills. "There are increasingly more Chinese vendors who can offer good products, so you don't necessarily have to buy a phone from Samsung," said Avril Wu, analyst at research firm TrendForce. "They (Chinese vendors) are taking market shares from the top leaders." But it was too early to say if Huawei could stay as a solid contender to Samsung and Apple, as smaller Chinese players such as Xiaomi Inc and Lenovo Group Ltd often swapped rank after price wars, analysts said. "In China it's true that Huawei grew tremendously over the past six months, but it's a bit of a dog fight within the Android ecosystem," said Carolina Milanesi, analyst at Kantar Worldpanel ComTech. "Huawei's going after Xiaomi and all the other smaller Android players." Huawei remains a distant third in the global smartphone market, with a market share of 7.5 percent in the third quarter, after Samsung's 23.8 percent and Apple's 13.5 percent, according to research firm IDC. Moving up the value chain effectively in the global smartphone market remains a challenge for Chinese vendors as they tend to sacrifice profit margins to boost sales volumes, analysts said. Huawei said revenue for its consumer business group, which sells products such as smartphones and tablets, jumped 70 percent year-on-year to $20 billion in 2015. Worldwide smartphone shipments will grow 9.8 percent in 2015 in the industry's first year of single-digit growth, down from 27.5 percent in the previous year, according to IDC.


Mitchell D.C.,Pennsylvania State University | Hockenberry J.,Kantar Worldpanel | Teplansky R.,Kantar Worldpanel | Hartman T.J.,Emory University
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2015

Recent reports on caffeine intakes in the United States have highlighted the importance of obtaining accurate and valid measures of caffeine exposure. The objective of this study is to compare two methods of assigning caffeine values to beverages: brand-specific values versus an aggregate single value representing a broader range of products within a beverage category (i.e., category-specific). The two methods yielded some small, but statistically significant differences in the estimation of caffeine intake from coffee, tea, and carbonated soft drinks (CSDs) for all ages combined and within several of the adult age groups (i.e., 35-49, 50-64, and ≥65 years). These differences, while small, suggest that detailed brand-specific data, particularly for CSDs, commercially pre-packaged or bottled teas, coffee, and specialty coffee drinks, provide more accurate estimates of caffeine exposure for some age groups. Despite these differences, these data provide some assurance that studies using a single aggregate caffeine value provide reasonable measures of caffeine exposure, particularly for studies conducted over a decade ago when there were fewer caffeinated products and brand-specific data available. As the caffeinated beverage marketplace continues to evolve, the use of more detailed, brand-specific data will likely strengthen the assessment of caffeine exposure in the United States. © 2015 The Authors. Source

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