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Tsuda K.,Kansai University of Health Sciences | Tsuda K.,Wakayama Medical University
Journal of Obesity | Year: 2011

This study was undertaken to investigate possible relationships among plasma adiponectin, 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-iso-PG F2α: an index of oxidative stress), and membrane fluidity (a reciprocal value of microviscosity) in hypertensive and normotensive men using an electron spin resonance-method. The order parameter (S) for the spin-label agent (5-nitroxide stearate) in red blood cell (RBC) membranes was higher in hypertensive men than in normotensive men, indicating that membrane fluidity was decreased in hypertension. Plasma adiponectin and NO metabolites levels were lower in hypertensive men than in normotensive men. In contrast, plasma 8-iso-PG F2α levels were increased in hypertensive men compared with normotensive men. Plasma adiponectin concentration was correlated with plasma NO-metabolites, and inversely correlated with plasma 8-iso-PG F2α. The order parameter (S) of RBCs was inversely correlated with plasma adiponectin and plasma NO metabolite levels, and positively correlated with plasma 8-iso-PG F2α, suggesting that the reduced membrane fluidity of RBCs might be associated with hypoadiponectinemia, endothelial dysfunction, and increased oxidative stress. In a multivariate regression analysis, adiponectin and 8-iso-PG F2α were significant determinants of membrane fluidity of RBCs after adjustment for general risk factors. These results suggest that adiponectin and oxidative stress might have a close correlation with rheologic behavior and microcirculation in hypertension. © 2011 Kazushi Tsuda. Source


Tsuda K.,Kansai University of Health Sciences | Tsuda K.,Wakayama Medical University
International Journal of Hypertension | Year: 2012

Many Studies suggest that changes in sympathetic nerve activity in the central nervous system might have a crucial role in blood pressure control. The present paper discusses evidence in support of the concept that the brain renin-angiotensin system (RAS) might be linked to sympathetic nerve activity in hypertension. The amount of neurotransmitter release from sympathetic nerve endings can be regulated by presynaptic receptors located on nerve terminals. It has been proposed that alterations in sympathetic nervous activity in the central nervous system of hypertension might be partially due to abnormalities in presynaptic modulation of neurotransmitter release. Recent evidence indicates that all components of the RAS have been identified in the brain. It has been proposed that the brain RAS may actively participate in the modulation of neurotransmitter release and influence the central sympathetic outflow to the periphery. This paper summarizes the results of studies to evaluate the possible relationship between the brain RAS and sympathetic neurotransmitter release in the central nervous system of hypertension. © 2012 Kazushi Tsuda. Source


Toda S.,Kansai University of Health Sciences
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2011

Electroacupuncture (EA) and manual acupuncture (MA) have therapeutic effects on muscle fatigue in muscle disease. The deficiencies of carnitine and glutathione induce muscle fatigue. This report investigated the effects of EA and MA on carnitine and glutathione in muscle. After the mice of EA group were fixed in the animal cage, right Zusanli (ST36) and Jiexi (ST41) were acupunctured and stimulated with uniform reinforcing and reducing method by twirling the acupuncture needle for 15 min. And then, the needle handles were connected to an electric stimulator for stimulating the acupoint with dense-sparse waves. After the mice of MA group were fixed in an animal cage, right ST36 and ST41 were acupunctured and allowed for 15 min. The mice of normal control group were not acupunctured and stimulated for 15 min. The mice of all groups were killed for collecting muscle tissue 1 h after the final treatment. Carnitine and glutathione in homogenate of muscle tissue were determined with carnitine (Kainos Laboratories Co., Tokyo, Japan) and glutathione assay kit (Dojin Chemicals Co., Kumamoto, Japan). Carnitine level in muscle tissue of MA group was significantly higher than those of EA group and normal control group. Carnitine level in muscle tissue of EA group was not significantly different from that of normal control group. Glutathione levels in muscle tissue of EA group and MA group were significantly higher than that of normal control group. This report presented that carnitine in muscle is increased by MA, and not increased by EA, and that glutathione in muscle is increased by EA and MA. Copyright © 2011 Shizuo Toda. Source


Niitsu N.,Saitama University | Okamoto M.,Fujita Health University Hospital | Nakamine H.,Kansai University of Health Sciences | Hirano M.,Fujita Health University Hospital
Cancer Science | Year: 2010

Among methotrexate (MTX)-related lymphoproliferative disorders (MTX-LPD), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) accounts for about half. We studied the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients with DLBCL in MTX-LPD. This study included 29 patients who developed DLBCL after receiving MTX for rheumatoid arthritis. MTX was discontinued in all patients. Their median age was 62 years. Elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level was observed in 97% of the patients, bone marrow involvement in 17%, and involvement of extranodal sites in 41%. As for the cellular immunophenotype, CD20 was positive in 93%, CD5 in 3%, CD10 in 31%, BCL2 in 21%, BCL6 in 69%, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded small non-polyadenylated RNA (EBER) in 24%. Chemotherapy was started within 2 months after MTX withdrawal in 23 patients, of whom 12 patients received combination with rituximab. Spontaneous remission occurred in the remaining six patients. The EEBV-positive rate was 67% (4/6), and the four EBV-positive patients achieved complete response. Among the 23 DLBCL patients treated with chemotherapy, 20 patients achieved complete response. The 5-year overall survival was 74% and the 5-year progression-free survival was 65%. After the development of DLBCL, withdrawal of MTX was the first choice of treatment. Germinal center B-cell type and EBER-positive patients tended to show spontaneous remission. The utility of rituximab should be examined in future studies. © 2010 Japanese Cancer Association. Source


Tsuda K.,Kansai University of Health Sciences | Tsuda K.,Wakayama Medical University
International Heart Journal | Year: 2013

Current evidence indicates that abnormalities in physical properties of the cell membranes may be strongly linked to hypertension and other circulatory disorders. Recent studies have shown that chronic kidney disease (CKD) might be a risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular outcomes. The purpose of the present study was to examine the possible relationship between kidney function and membrane fluidity (a reciprocal value of membrane microviscosity) of red blood cells (RBCs) in hypertensive and normotensive subjects using an electron spin resonance (ESR) and spin-labeling method. The order parameter (S) for the ESR spin-label agent (5-nitroxide stearate) in RBC membranes was significantly higher in hypertensive subjects than in normotensive subjects, indicating that membrane fluidity was decreased in hypertension. The order parameter (S) of RBCs was inversely correlated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), suggesting that a decreased eGFR value might be associated with reduced membrane fluidity of RBCs. Multi-variate regression analysis also demonstrated that, after adjustment for general risk factors, eGFR might be a significant predictor of membrane fluidity of RBCs. The reduced levels of both membrane fluidity of RBCs and eGFR were associated with increased plasma 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (an index of oxidative stress) and decreased plasma nitric oxide (NO)-metabolites, suggesting that kidney function could be a determinant of membrane microviscosity of RBCs, at least in part, via oxidative stress- and NO-dependent mechanisms. The ESR study suggests that CKD might have a close correlation with impaired rheologic behavior of RBCs and microcirculatory disorders in hypertensive subjects. Source

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