Kawakami T.,Kansai University
Journal of Product Innovation Management | Year: 2013
The authors examine the impact of word-of-mouth communication on innovation use. Hypotheses are developed linking both personal and virtual word of mouth (vWOM) directly to innovation use. The authors also examine the mediating role of two additional variables that link word of mouth and innovation use. Existing research suggests that personal word of mouth (pWOM) indirectly influences intensity of innovation use through its impact on consumer perceptions of the size of local adopter population. In addition, both personal and virtual word-of-mouth influence should be positively associated with consumer perceptions of the availability of complementary products, which prior studies have linked to variety of innovation use. The authors test these hypotheses using data collected from 247 Japanese adopters of new-generation portable gaming devices. Findings indicate that both personal and virtual word of mouth are directly related with variety of innovation use, which is in turn related with intensity of use. In addition, pWOM is positively related with both intensity of use and variety of use through its impact on consumer perceptions of (1) the perceived size of the local adopter population and (2) the availability of complementary products. In contrast, through these same two paths, vWOM is negatively related with both intensity of use and variety of use. © 2012 Product Development & Management Association.
Matsushima K.,Kansai University
Optics Express | Year: 2010
A novel method is proposed for simulating free-space propagation from an input source field to a destination sampling window laterally shifted from that in the source field. This off-axis type numerical propagation is realized using the shifted-Fresnel method (Shift-FR) and is very useful for calculating non-paraxial and large-scale fields. However, the Shift-FR is prone to a serious problem, in that it causes strong aliasing errors in short distance propagation. The proposed method, based on the angular spectrum method, resolves this problem. Numerical examples as well as the formulation are presented. © 2010 Optical Society of America.
Kato O.,Kansai University
BMC microbiology | Year: 2010
Corynebacterium glutamicum is able to grow with lactate as sole or combined carbon and energy source. Quinone-dependent L-lactate dehydrogenase LldD is known to be essential for utilization of L-lactate by C. glutamicum. D-lactate also serves as sole carbon source for C. glutamicum ATCC 13032. Here, the gene cg1027 was shown to encode the quinone-dependent D-lactate dehydrogenase (Dld) by enzymatic analysis of the protein purified from recombinant E. coli. The absorption spectrum of purified Dld indicated the presence of FAD as bound cofactor. Inactivation of dld resulted in the loss of the ability to grow with D-lactate, which could be restored by plasmid-borne expression of dld. Heterologous expression of dld from C. glutamicum ATCC 13032 in C. efficiens enabled this species to grow with D-lactate as sole carbon source. Homologs of dld of C. glutamicum ATCC 13032 are not encoded in the sequenced genomes of other corynebacteria and mycobacteria. However, the dld locus of C. glutamicum ATCC 13032 shares 2367 bp of 2372 bp identical nucleotides with the dld locus of Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. shermanii, a bacterium used in Swiss-type cheese making. Both loci are flanked by insertion sequences of the same family suggesting a possible event of horizontal gene transfer. Cg1067 encodes quinone-dependent D-lactate dehydrogenase Dld of Corynebacterium glutamicum. Dld is essential for growth with D-lactate as sole carbon source. The genomic region of dld likely has been acquired by horizontal gene transfer.
Tanaka K.,Kansai University
Molecules | Year: 2012
Stereoselective photodimerization of coumarin and its derivatives in supramolecular systems is reviewed. The enantioselective photodimerization of coumarin and thiocoumarin in inclusion crystals with optically active host compounds is also described.
Tajitsu Y.,Kansai University
IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control | Year: 2013
We designed a new film actuator, whose driving force is generated by a surface wave, which induces rotational motion. Its performance is similar to that of a rotation motor even though the new film actuator has no complex mechanical parts. To realize the film actuator, we used a poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) film with improved piezoelectricity. First, we theoretically investigated the necessary conditions for a surface wave to be generated on the end face of a PLLA film by the fusion of its shear piezoelectricity and resonance, and then experimentally realized this. Using the actuator made using the PLLA film, we demonstrated that the clockwise and counterclockwise rotation of an object placed on the end face of the PLLA film actuator could be freely controlled by changing the frequency of the ac voltage applied to the actuator. © 1986-2012 IEEE.