Kanazawa-shi, Japan
Kanazawa-shi, Japan

The Kanazawa College of Art is a university in Kanazawa, Japan. It was founded in 1946 by the municipal government following World War II. The graduate program opened in 1979. Wikipedia.

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Masuda H.,Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology | Krizaj D.,University of Primorska | Sakamoto H.,Kanazawa College of Art | Nakamura K.,e craft
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2017

Amid changing economic situation rapidly, how to sustain local/cultural resources and distribute their value to many customers is crucial in a number of business communities. In tourism industry, although there are a lot of activities for such struggles, a small number of the global comparison studies are a problem for exploring and adopting the more effective ways worldwide. In this paper, we examine two Japanese cases and one Slovenian case doing well of sustaining and balancing cultural resources in terms of adapting the differences of customers’ context in tourism. In the first case from Japanese tourism spa community “Awazu-onsen”, the key point is a loose relationship between the traditional local hotels and the modern hotel chain. The second case from Kanazawa Creative Tourism in Japan is a NPO supported by the local art universities for connecting the local artists and the local tourism. The third case from the Ana Desetnica International Street Theatre Festival in Slovenia offers not only each street artistic performances simply, but also the unique city Ljubljana as a big theater for attracting many tourists who have a wide variety of touristic preferences. There are three approaches for attracting current customers with sustaining their local values, those are installing a new resources, making a new matching system and reintrepretation of the existing resources. In the future research, it is important to collect related cases by analyzing those countries’ situations, issues, purposes, and the ways and results by more extensive surveys for understanding and making significant theories. © Springer International Publishing AG 2017.


Demura T.,Kanazawa University | Demura S.,Kanazawa University | Aoki H.,Kanazawa College of Art | Uchida Y.,Kanazawa University | Yamaji S.,University of Fukui
Journal of Physiological Anthropology | Year: 2011

This study aimed to determine the effect of active warm-up by local muscle light exercise and passive warm-up by polarized light irradiation on skin and muscle temperatures and forearm muscle performance (muscle strength, power, endurance, and controlled force-exertion). Ten healthy males performed various grip tests before and after active (local muscle light exercise) and passive (linear polarized nearinfrared light irradiation) warm-ups. An active warm-up involved intermittent gripping exercise (contraction: 1 second and relaxation: 1 second) for 10 minutes using a sponge. A passive warm-up consisted of polarized light irradiation to the forearm (superficial digital flexor) for 10 minutes (irradiation: 5 seconds and rest: 1 second). Skin and muscle temperatures were measured during both warm-ups. Skin and muscle temperatures increased significantly after 5 minutes of local muscle light exercise and after 10 minutes of polarized light irradiation. Temperatures were significantly higher after 6 minutes of local muscle light exercise than after 6 minutes of polarized light irradiation. There were no significant differences of muscle strength, power, and controlled forceexertion before and after either warm-up. Average force outputs in all conditions significantly decreased with exertion time, and at 30, 60, 90, and 120 seconds they were higher in both warm-up conditions than in the non-warm-up condition. In conclusion, both warm-ups may contribute to improve muscle endurance performance in the decreasing force phase.


Kasuga K.,Gifu University | Demura S.-i.,Kanazawa University | Aoki H.,Kanazawa College of Art | Shin S.,Gifu University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Physiological Anthropology | Year: 2012

Background: Stepping over an obstacle is a kind of compound movement that makes walking more difficult, especially for preschool children. This study examines sex and age-level differences in walking time in preschool children on an obstacle frame. Methods: The participants included 324 healthy preschool children: four-year-old boys (51) and girls (51), five-yearold boys (50) and girls (60), and six-year-old boys (62) and girls (50). A 5 cm- or 10 cm-high obstacle (depth 11.5 cm, width 23.5 cm) was set at the halfway point of a 200 cm × 10 cm walking course. Results: The participants walked to the end of the course and back as fast as possible under three conditions: no obstacle, low obstacle and high obstacle. Walking time showed age-level differences in all conditions, but there were no differences in sex. Age levels were divided into two groups, with one group within the first six months of their birthday, and the second group within the last six months of that year. Walking time for children in the first half of their fourth year was longer than that of the five- and six-year-old children. In addition, for children in the last half of their fourth year, walking time was longer than both sexes in the last half of their fifth and sixth years. The children in the latter half of their fifth year had a longer walking time in the high obstacle condition than those in the last half of their sixth year. In the four-year-old participants, walking time was shorter with no obstacles than with a high obstacle frame. Conclusions: In the above data, obstacle course walking time does not show a gender difference, except that the four-year-old participants needed longer than the five- and six-year-old children. Setting the obstacle 10 cm high also produced a different walking time in the five- and six-year-old participants. The high obstacle step test (10 cm) best evaluated the dynamic balance of preschool children. © 2012 Kasuga et al.


Uchida Y.,Kanazawa College of Art | Demura S.,Kanazawa University
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research | Year: 2015

Background: One-leg stance (OLS) training is often used to prevent falls in the elderly. The burden imposed on the supporting lower limb during OLS may differ depending on whether hand support is used, particularly in patients with decreased lower-limb strength. Aims: Here we examined the effect of hand support on leg muscle activity and body sway during OLS in elderly subjects able to maintain OLS for 1 min unaided [able group (AG), n = 13] and those who were unable to do so [unable group (UG), n = 11]. Methods: All subjects performed OLS unaided and OLS with front support (OLS-FS) using one hand for 1 min each. We estimated leg muscle activity [mean and maximum % root mean square (%RMS)] and body sway (total, X-axis, and Y-axis path lengths) for both tests. %RMS was calculated according to the results of the maximum voluntary isometric contraction test. Result: The overall average mean and maximum %RMS for the tibialis anterior muscle was larger in UG than in AG. In AG, tibialis anterior muscle mean and maximum %RMS and body sway was larger during OLS than during OLS-FS. Total and X-axis path lengths were larger during the first 20 s OLS phase in AG and the first 20 s OLS-FS phase in UG. Conclusion: These results highlight the need to differentiate between patients able and unable to perform OLS unaided for training because of differences in leg muscle activity. © 2015 Springer International Publishing Switzerland


Demura S.,Kanazawa University | Aoki H.,Kanazawa College of Art | Kawabata H.,Kanazawa University
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche | Year: 2012

Aim. This study aimed to compare muscle oxygenation kinetics and subjective muscle-fatigue sensation (SMS) during sustained muscle strength exertion using progressive workload method (PW) and a constant workload (CW) method with maximal voluntary contraction. Methods. The subjects consisted of 15 healthy young males (mean age 24.5±4.4 yr, mean height 171.7±4.3 cm, mean mass 65.6±5.6 kg). All subjects were right-handed. The subjects performed maximal voluntary contractions (100%MVC) for 180 sec in the CW method and 20% MVC for 10 sec, then 30, 40, 50, 60, and 70% MVC each for 20 sec, and 80% MVC for 10 sec in the PW method. Measurements were taken during these activities for muscle oxygenation kinetics and SMS by using the Borg CR10 scale. The following were selected as evaluation parameters: time to reach minimum Oxygenation- Haemoglobin/ Myoglobin (Oxy-Hb/Mb), time to reach maximum Deoxygenation- Haemoglobin/ Myoglobin (Deoxy-Hb/Mb), average SMS and time at the highest SMS at 10 sec intervals. Time to reach minimum Oxy-Hb/Mb and time to reach maximum Deoxy-Hb/Mb were significantly lower with the CW method than with the PW method. Results. A significant and moderate relationship was found between both workload methods in both parameters. Average SMS was significantly higher with the CW method, but the time at the highest SMS was significantly lower. A significant and moderate relationship was found between both workload methods in both parameters. Conclusion. In conclusion, muscle oxygenation kinetics differ between the CW and PW methods during sustained muscle strength exertion. The PW method may result in less muscle pain and delay peak muscle fatigue.


PubMed | Kanazawa College of Art and Kanazawa University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Aging clinical and experimental research | Year: 2016

One-leg stance (OLS) training is often used to prevent falls in the elderly. The burden imposed on the supporting lower limb during OLS may differ depending on whether hand support is used, particularly in patients with decreased lower-limb strength.Here we examined the effect of hand support on leg muscle activity and body sway during OLS in elderly subjects able to maintain OLS for 1min unaided [able group (AG), n=13] and those who were unable to do so [unable group (UG), n=11].All subjects performed OLS unaided and OLS with front support (OLS-FS) using one hand for 1min each. We estimated leg muscle activity [mean and maximum % root mean square (%RMS)] and body sway (total, X-axis, and Y-axis path lengths) for both tests. %RMS was calculated according to the results of the maximum voluntary isometric contraction test.The overall average mean and maximum %RMS for the tibialis anterior muscle was larger in UG than in AG. In AG, tibialis anterior muscle mean and maximum %RMS and body sway was larger during OLS than during OLS-FS. Total and X-axis path lengths were larger during the first 20s OLS phase in AG and the first 20s OLS-FS phase in UG.These results highlight the need to differentiate between patients able and unable to perform OLS unaided for training because of differences in leg muscle activity.


Nakayasu A.,Kanazawa College of Art
SIGGRAPH Asia 2015 Posters, SA 2015 | Year: 2015

When we see the wriggling movement and the shape of a tentacle like the sea anemone under the sea, we feel an existence of a primitive life. The goal of this research is to realize the expression of a kinetic artwork or interactive artwork such as waving tentacles of sea anemones. At present, soft actuators that bend in multiple directions have been developed. However, these each have a complex structure or are expensive. To realize the expression of waving tentacles we need a large number of actuators. Therefore, we developed a budget actuator with a simple structure. Previously, we have introduced three motion patterns for controlling a SMA actuator that can bend in three directions and an experimental system with 9 actuators [Nakayasu 2014]. In this paper, we introduce an experimental system with 64 actuators that react to a hand's movement via an optical flow algorithm.


Kasuga K.,Kanazawa College of Art
Journal of physiological anthropology | Year: 2012

Stepping over an obstacle is a kind of compound movement that makes walking more difficult, especially for preschool children. This study examines sex and age-level differences in walking time in preschool children on an obstacle frame. The participants included 324 healthy preschool children: four-year-old boys (51) and girls (51), five-year-old boys (50) and girls (60), and six-year-old boys (62) and girls (50). A 5 cm- or 10 cm-high obstacle (depth 11.5 cm, width 23.5 cm) was set at the halfway point of a 200 cm × 10 cm walking course. The participants walked to the end of the course and back as fast as possible under three conditions: no obstacle, low obstacle and high obstacle. Walking time showed age-level differences in all conditions, but there were no differences in sex. Age levels were divided into two groups, with one group within the first six months of their birthday, and the second group within the last six months of that year. Walking time for children in the first half of their fourth year was longer than that of the five- and six-year-old children. In addition, for children in the last half of their fourth year, walking time was longer than both sexes in the last half of their fifth and sixth years. The children in the latter half of their fifth year had a longer walking time in the high obstacle condition than those in the last half of their sixth year. In the four-year-old participants, walking time was shorter with no obstacles than with a high obstacle frame. In the above data, obstacle course walking time does not show a gender difference, except that the four-year-old participants needed longer than the five- and six-year-old children. Setting the obstacle 10 cm high also produced a different walking time in the five- and six-year-old participants. The high obstacle step test (10 cm) best evaluated the dynamic balance of preschool children.


PubMed | Kanazawa College of Art
Type: | Journal: Journal of physiological anthropology | Year: 2012

Stepping over an obstacle is a kind of compound movement that makes walking more difficult, especially for preschool children. This study examines sex and age-level differences in walking time in preschool children on an obstacle frame.The participants included 324 healthy preschool children: four-year-old boys (51) and girls (51), five-year-old boys (50) and girls (60), and six-year-old boys (62) and girls (50). A 5 cm- or 10 cm-high obstacle (depth 11.5 cm, width 23.5 cm) was set at the halfway point of a 200 cm 10 cm walking course.The participants walked to the end of the course and back as fast as possible under three conditions: no obstacle, low obstacle and high obstacle. Walking time showed age-level differences in all conditions, but there were no differences in sex. Age levels were divided into two groups, with one group within the first six months of their birthday, and the second group within the last six months of that year. Walking time for children in the first half of their fourth year was longer than that of the five- and six-year-old children. In addition, for children in the last half of their fourth year, walking time was longer than both sexes in the last half of their fifth and sixth years. The children in the latter half of their fifth year had a longer walking time in the high obstacle condition than those in the last half of their sixth year. In the four-year-old participants, walking time was shorter with no obstacles than with a high obstacle frame.In the above data, obstacle course walking time does not show a gender difference, except that the four-year-old participants needed longer than the five- and six-year-old children. Setting the obstacle 10 cm high also produced a different walking time in the five- and six-year-old participants. The high obstacle step test (10 cm) best evaluated the dynamic balance of preschool children.


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