Kanaji Thyroid Hospital

Tokyo, Japan

Kanaji Thyroid Hospital

Tokyo, Japan
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Sugishita Y.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | Kammori M.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | Yamada O.,Teikyo Heisei University | Yamazaki K.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Annals of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2014

Background: The most difficult thyroid tumors to diagnose by histology are follicular carcinomas (FTCs) and Hürthle cell carcinomas (HCCs). Telomere alteration and human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) expression have been observed in most human cancers and are known to be a feature of malignancy. The purpose of this study was to clarify whether hTERT protein expression and telomere alteration could be applicable biological markers for distinguishing FTC from HCC. Methods: We investigated a total of 78 thyroid tumor cases, including 14 FTCs, 47 follicular adenomas (FTAs), 5 HCCs, and 12 Hürthle cell adenomas (HCAs). hTERT protein expression was examined by immunohistochemistry, and telomere length was determined by tissue quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization. Results: Positivity for hTERT protein expression was observed in 86 % of FTCs and 49 % of FTAs. Telomeres in FTCs were significantly shorter than those in FTAs. All HCCs and HCAs (100 %) expressed hTERT protein. Telomeres in HCCs were significantly shorter than those in HCAs. Conclusions: Our results suggest that hTERT protein expression and telomere shortening would be applicable as biological markers to distinguish FTC from FTA. Previous studies have suggested that follicular tumor and Hürthle cell tumor should be classified biologically as distinct tumors. All Hürthle cell tumors expressed hTERT protein and HCCs had markedly shortened telomeres, suggesting that follicular tumor and Hürthle cell tumor might be biologically distinct entities. © 2014 Society of Surgical Oncology.


Kammori M.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | Kammori M.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Sugishita Y.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | Okamoto T.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | And 4 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2015

Telomeres are involved in the maintenance of genomic stability. Telomere alteration has been observed in most human cancer types, and is known to be a feature of malignancy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the telomere length of breast cancer cells correlates with TNM stage and several pathological features. We investigated a total of 44 breast cancers, including 17 scirrhous, 15 papillotubular and 12 solid-tubular carcinomas. Telomere lengths were determined by tissue quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization (Q-FISH), and compared according to the TNM stage, histological tumor size, lymph node metastases, vascular invasion and immunohistochemical status (ER, PR, HER2 status and Ki67 labeling index). In all histological types, telomeres of cancer cells were significantly shorter than those of normal epithelial cells. Mean telomere length was significantly less in patients with TNM stage III, and in those with large tumors, lymph node metastases and vascular invasion. Our results suggest that the telomere length of cancer cells is strongly correlated with the degree of cancer progression. © 2015, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Kanaji Thyroid Hospital and Tokyo Women's Medical University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncology reports | Year: 2015

Telomeres are involved in the maintenance of genomic stability. Telomere alteration has been observed in most human cancer types, and is known to be a feature of malignancy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the telomere length of breast cancer cells correlates with TNM stage and several pathological features. We investigated a total of 44 breast cancers, including 17 scirrhous, 15 papillotubular and 12 solid-tubular carcinomas. Telomere lengths were determined by tissue quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization (Q-FISH), and compared according to the TNM stage, histological tumor size, lymph node metastases, vascular invasion and immunohistochemical status (ER, PR, HER2 status and Ki67 labeling index). In all histological types, telomeres of cancer cells were significantly shorter than those of normal epithelial cells. Mean telomere length was significantly less in patients with TNM stage III, and in those with large tumors, lymph node metastases and vascular invasion. Our results suggest that the telomere length of cancer cells is strongly correlated with the degree of cancer progression.


Ishido Y.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | Yamazaki K.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | Kammori M.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | Sugishita Y.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2014

Context: It was shown in the rat thyroid that thyroglobulin (Tg) stored in the follicular lumen is a potent regulator of thyroid-specificgeneexpression to maintain the function of individual follicles. However, the actions of Tg as a regulatory molecule in human thyroid have not been studied. Objective: Our objective was to determine the effect of Tg on gene expression in normal and diseased human thyroid and to examine whether the proposed model of negative-feedback autocrine regulation of thyroid function by Tg is applicable in the human as well as the rat. Design: Primary cultures of human thyrocytes were established from normal thyroid, Graves' disease thyroid, adenomatous goiter, follicular adenoma, and papillary carcinoma tissues obtained during surgery. Cells were stimulated with physiologic (ie, follicular) concentrations of Tg, and mRNA and protein expression of genes involved in thyroid hormonogenesis were evaluated. The effects of Tg on thyroid-specific gene expression were also assessed in 2 human papillary carcinoma cell lines. Results: Transcript levels of genes participating in thyroid hormone biosynthesis were significantly reduced by Tg in thyrocyte cultures derived from normal and Graves' thyroid, but not in cultures derived from thyroid neoplasms and adenomatous goiter. Conclusion: It was confirmed that Tg acts as a negative-feedback regulator of gene expression in human thyrocytes, suggesting that Tg signaling may constitute a common mechanism for maintaining thyroid homeostasis in species with follicular thyroid morphology. However, certain diseases of intrinsic thyroid overgrowth appear to be associated with an escape from the regulatory mechanism of Tg. Copyright © 2014 by the Endocrine Society.


Kammori M.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | Kammori M.,Nippon Medical School | Fukumori T.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | Sugishita Y.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Endocrine Journal | Year: 2015

In general, juvenile differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) demonstrate indolent characteristics and favorable prognosis are observed in comparison with many other carcinomas. However, recurrence is frequent, necessitating additional treatment, including radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy. In this report, the probability of recurrence, prognostic factors, treatment, and outcomes in both juvenile- and adult-onset DTC were analyzed and compared. At our institution, a total of 1552 DTC patients underwent thyroidectomy and/or lymph node dissection. The patients included 23 in their teens, 118 in their twenties, and 1412 in their thirties or older. The risk factors for distant metastases for DTC were male gender, follicular carcinoma, size of the PTC primary tumor, cervical lymph node metastases from PTC, and the presence of more than two distant metastatic foci. Patients with the highest risk underwent RAI ablation in line with institutional guidelines. Although the overall outcome in our juvenile patients was excellent, during follow-up, 4 (17.4%) of the 23 patients developed recurrent disease: 91.3% achieved complete remission, 4.35% partial remission, and 4.35% stable disease, with no disease-related deaths. Among the 118 patients in their twenties to thirties, 1 (0.8%) experienced progressive disease and disease-related death. A younger age at diagnosis and less radical primary surgery without subsequent RAI ablation are factors strongly predictive of distant metastases in patients with juvenile-onset DTC. To reduce the rate of relapse and improve surveillance for recurrent disease, total thyroidectomy followed by RAI appears to be the most beneficial initial treatment for patients with high- and intermediate-risk juvenile DTC. © 2015 The Japan Endocrine Society.


Onose H.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | Uchida T.,Juntendo University | Sato J.,Juntendo University | Ishii S.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes | Year: 2016

Purpose: Thiamazole (MMI) is frequently used for the treatment of Graves’ disease, but it occasionally induces agranulocytosis at the beginning of the treatment. To date, the predictive factors of recovery from MMI-induced agranulocytosis remain unclear. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive factor of the recovery time from MMI-induced agranulocytosis. Method: This was a retrospective cohort study performed in a university hospital and a thyroid hospital. We included 27 Japanese patients with Graves’ disease with MMI-induced agranulocytosis diagnosed during follow-up. All patients were administrated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor daily until they had a neutrophil count>1 000/μL, which was defined as recovery. The predictive factors associated with recovery time were estimated using multivariable regression analysis. Results: At the onset of agranulocytosis, the median administration period of MMI was 33 days, the average white blood cell count was 1 896/μL, and the median neutrophil count was 22/μL. The median recovery time was 4 days. Stepwise multivariate regression analysis identified the monocyte and basophil counts to be significant predictors of MMI-induced agranulocytosis. Conclusion: Patients with agranulocytosis and decreased monocyte and basophil counts at onset may recover late and require careful treatment. Copyright © 2016, Georg Thieme Verlag KG. All rights reserved.


Kammori M.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | Fukumori T.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | Sugishita Y.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | Hoshi M.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital | Yamada T.,Kanaji Thyroid Hospital
Endocrine Journal | Year: 2014

It is well-known that differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) has a generally indolent character and shows a favorable prognosis in comparison with many other carcinomas. The therapeutic strategy for patients with DTC in Japan has differed from that in Western countries. Total thyroidectomy followed by radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation has been standard in Western countries, whereas limited hemi-thyroidectomy and subtotal thyroidectomy has been extensively accepted in Japan. Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) accounts for over 90% of all thyroid cancers in Japan. The majority of patients with PTC are categorized into a low-risk group on the basis of the recent risk-group classification schemes, and they show excellent outcomes. Several management guidelines for thyroid cancers have been published in Western countries. However, the optimal therapeutic options for PTC remain controversial, and high-level clinical evidence aimed at resolving these issues is lacking. Moreover, as socioeconomic differences in medical care exist, conventional policies for the treatment of PTC have differed between Japan and other countries. This review focuses on the special features of treatment in Japan for patients with low-risk DTC involving subtotal thyroidectomy without adjuvant therapies, rather than total thyroidectomy with RAI, with the aim of preserving quality of life. At our institution in Japan, we have had extensive experience with RAI treatment for high-risk DTC patients, and this represents a very rare situation. Here we introduce the therapeutic strategy for low-risk thyroid cancer in Japan, including the measures adopted at our institution. © The Japan Endocrine Society.


PubMed | Kanaji Thyroid Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Endocrine journal | Year: 2014

It is well-known that differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) has a generally indolent character and shows a favorable prognosis in comparison with many other carcinomas. The therapeutic strategy for patients with DTC in Japan has differed from that in Western countries. Total thyroidectomy followed by radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation has been standard in Western countries, whereas limited hemi-thyroidectomy and subtotal thyroidectomy has been extensively accepted in Japan. Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) accounts for over 90% of all thyroid cancers in Japan. The majority of patients with PTC are categorized into a low-risk group on the basis of the recent risk-group classification schemes, and they show excellent outcomes. Several management guidelines for thyroid cancers have been published in Western countries. However, the optimal therapeutic options for PTC remain controversial, and high-level clinical evidence aimed at resolving these issues is lacking. Moreover, as socioeconomic differences in medical care exist, conventional policies for the treatment of PTC have differed between Japan and other countries. This review focuses on the special features of treatment in Japan for patients with low-risk DTC involving subtotal thyroidectomy without adjuvant therapies, rather than total thyroidectomy with RAI, with the aim of preserving quality of life. At our institution in Japan, we have had extensive experience with RAI treatment for high-risk DTC patients, and this represents a very rare situation. Here we introduce the therapeutic strategy for low-risk thyroid cancer in Japan, including the measures adopted at our institution.


PubMed | Kanaji Thyroid Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Endocrine journal | Year: 2016

In general, juvenile differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) demonstrate indolent characteristics and favorable prognosis are observed in comparison with many other carcinomas. However, recurrence is frequent, necessitating additional treatment, including radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy. In this report, the probability of recurrence, prognostic factors, treatment, and outcomes in both juvenile- and adult-onset DTC were analyzed and compared. At our institution, a total of 1552 DTC patients underwent thyroidectomy and/or lymph node dissection. The patients included 23 in their teens, 118 in their twenties, and 1412 in their thirties or older. The risk factors for distant metastases for DTC were male gender, follicular carcinoma, size of the PTC primary tumor, cervical lymph node metastases from PTC, and the presence of more than two distant metastatic foci. Patients with the highest risk underwent RAI ablation in line with institutional guidelines. Although the overall outcome in our juvenile patients was excellent, during follow-up, 4 (17.4%) of the 23 patients developed recurrent disease: 91.3% achieved complete remission, 4.35% partial remission, and 4.35% stable disease, with no disease-related deaths. Among the 118 patients in their twenties to thirties, 1 (0.8%) experienced progressive disease and disease-related death. A younger age at diagnosis and less radical primary surgery without subsequent RAI ablation are factors strongly predictive of distant metastases in patients with juvenile-onset DTC. To reduce the rate of relapse and improve surveillance for recurrent disease, total thyroidectomy followed by RAI appears to be the most beneficial initial treatment for patients with high- and intermediate-risk juvenile DTC.


PubMed | Kanaji Thyroid Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of surgical oncology | Year: 2014

The most difficult thyroid tumors to diagnose by histology are follicular carcinomas (FTCs) and Hrthle cell carcinomas (HCCs). Telomere alteration and human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) expression have been observed in most human cancers and are known to be a feature of malignancy. The purpose of this study was to clarify whether hTERT protein expression and telomere alteration could be applicable biological markers for distinguishing FTC from HCC.We investigated a total of 78 thyroid tumor cases, including 14 FTCs, 47 follicular adenomas (FTAs), 5 HCCs, and 12 Hrthle cell adenomas (HCAs). hTERT protein expression was examined by immunohistochemistry, and telomere length was determined by tissue quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization.Positivity for hTERT protein expression was observed in 86 % of FTCs and 49 % of FTAs. Telomeres in FTCs were significantly shorter than those in FTAs. All HCCs and HCAs (100 %) expressed hTERT protein. Telomeres in HCCs were significantly shorter than those in HCAs.Our results suggest that hTERT protein expression and telomere shortening would be applicable as biological markers to distinguish FTC from FTA. Previous studies have suggested that follicular tumor and Hrthle cell tumor should be classified biologically as distinct tumors. All Hrthle cell tumors expressed hTERT protein and HCCs had markedly shortened telomeres, suggesting that follicular tumor and Hrthle cell tumor might be biologically distinct entities.

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