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Kōbe-shi, Japan

Kawano S.,Kobe University | Kawano S.,Eisai Co. | Mizutani K.,Kobe University | Miyata M.,Kobe University | And 3 more authors.
Genes to Cells | Year: 2010

Integrin α6β4 is abundantly expressed in normal epithelial cells and forms hemidesmosomes, one of cell-extracellular matrix junctions. In many types of cancer cells, integrin α6β4 is up-regulated, laminin, an integrin α6β4-binding extracellular matrix protein, is cleaved, and hemidesmosomes are disrupted, eventually causing an enhancement of cancer cell movement and a facilitation of their invasion. It was previously shown that integrin α6β4 interacts with ErbB1 and ErbB2 and enhances cell proliferation and motility. Here we show that integrin α6β4 interacts with ErbB3 but not with ErbB1, ErbB2 or ErbB4, and enhances the heregulin-induced, ErbB3/ErbB2 heterodimer-mediated DNA synthesis, but not cell motility, in A549 cells. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 by the Molecular Biology Society of Japan/Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

Kaieda S.,Osaka University | Matsui C.,KAN Research Institute Inc | Mimori-Kiyosue Y.,RIKEN | Ikegami T.,Osaka University
Biochemistry | Year: 2010

Elucidation of the basis of interactions between biological molecules is essential for the understanding of living systems. Src-homology 3 (SH3) domains play critical roles in interaction networks of proteins by recognizing a proline-rich sequence motif, PxxP. There are, however, several SH3 domains that specifically bind to polypeptide chains without the conventional recognition sequence. The SH3 domain of DDEF1 associates with the SAMP motifs of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor. The SAMP motifs are indispensable for the normal function of APC in tumor suppression. Here we present the structural basis of the interaction between the DDEF1-SH3 domain and the APC-SAMP motifs. We determined the solution structures of the DDEF1-SH3 domain both in a free state and in a complex with APC-SAMP. As the affinity of the interaction was not sufficiently high for the determination of the complex structure in solution by conventional methods, we utilized a fusion protein of the DDEF1-SH3 domain and APC-SAMP. The structures revealed that the SAMP motif adopts a class II polyproline type II helix even though it does not contain the PxxP motif and that a characteristically large hydrophobic pocket of the SH3 domain confers high selectivity to the interaction. Furthermore, investigation into the backbone dynamics of the free and bound systems by NMR spin relaxation experiments demonstrated that the DDEF1-SH3 domain exhibits high flexibility at the peptide recognition site in the absence of the ligand and that most residues of the APC-SAMP motif display extensive local motions even in the stable complex. © 2010 American Chemical Society. Source

Hotta A.,KAN Research Institute Inc | Kawakatsu T.,KAN Research Institute Inc | Nakatani T.,KAN Research Institute Inc | Sato T.,Eisai Co. | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Cell Biology | Year: 2010

LL5β has been identified as a microtubule-anchoring factor that attaches EB1/CLIP-associating protein (CLASP)-bound microtubule plus ends to the cell cortex. In this study, we show that LL5β and its homologue LL5α (LL5s) colocalize with autocrine laminin-5 and its receptors, integrins α3β1 and α6β4, at the basal side of fully polarized epithelial sheets. Depletion of both laminin receptor integrins abolishes the cortical localization of LL5s, whereas LL5 depletion reduces the amount of integrin α3 at the basal cell cortex. Activation of integrin α3 is sufficient to initiate LL5 accumulation at the cell cortex. LL5s form a complex with the cytoplasmic tails of these integrins, but their interaction might be indirect. Analysis of the three-dimensional distribution of microtubule growth by visualizing EB1-GFP in epithelial sheets in combination with RNA interference reveals that LL5s are required to maintain the density of growing microtubules selectively at the basal cortex. These findings reveal that signaling from laminin-integrin associations attaches microtubule plus ends to the epithelial basal cell cortex. © 2010 Hotta et al. Source

Hoshino A.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University | Hoshino A.,National Health Research Institute | Hoshino A.,Nagoya University | Ueha S.,University of Tokyo | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Cell Science | Year: 2013

Chemokines have recently been reported to be involved in pathological bone destruction. However, the physiological roles of chemokines in bone metabolism in vivo have not been well documented. We analyzed the bone phenotypes in Cx3cr1-deficient mice. The mice exhibited slight but significant increases in trabecular and cortical thickness, reduced numbers of osteoclasts and increased rates of osteoid formation. Although the morphometric parameters showed marginal differences, the Cx3cr1-deficient bones showed an elevated expression of Osterix/SP7, which encodes an essential transcriptional factor for osteoblasts, whereas the gene Osteocalcin/Bglap, which encodes a late marker, was downregulated. The levels of transcripts for various osteoclastic markers, such as receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK)/TNFRSF11A, receptor activator of NF-kB ligand (RANKL)/TNFSF11, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRAP5B)/ACP5B, Cathepsin K(CTSK), MMP3 and MMP13, were significantly decreased in the Cx3cr1-deficient bones. Cultured Cx3cr1-deficient osteoblastic cells showed inverse temporal patterns of osteoblastic marker expression and reduced calcium deposition. Furthermore, in vitro studies and immunofluorescence staining against CX3CR1 and CX3CL1 suggested a role for the CX3CR1-CX3CL1 axis in an early stage of osteoblast differentiation, possibly through their trans and cis interactions. Cultured Cx3cr1-deficient pre-osteoclasts showed impaired differentiation, mainly due to a deficiency of the CD115+ CD11blo osteoclastogenic population ofmyeloid-lineage precursors. The treatment of bone-marrow-derived osteoclastic cultures with recombinant CX3CL1 at different time points suggested that the CX3CR1-CX3CL1 axis favors the maintenance of osteoclastic precursors, but not differentiated osteoclasts. These observations uncovered novel roles of the CX3CR1-CX3CL1 axis in the differentiation of both osteoblasts and osteoclasts. © 2013. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd. Source

Minami A.,Kobe University | Mizutani K.,Kobe University | Waseda M.,Kobe University | Kajita M.,Osaka University | And 5 more authors.
Genes to Cells | Year: 2010

Microtubules (MTs) search for and grow toward the leading edge of moving cells, followed by their stabilization at a specific structure at the rear site of the leading edge. This dynamic re-orientation of MTs is critical to directional cell movement. We previously showed that Necl-5/poliovirus receptor (PVR) interacts with platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor and integrin α vΒ 3 at the leading edge of moving NIH3T3 cells, resulting in an enhancement of their directional movement. We studied here the role of Necl-5 in the PDGF-induced attraction of growing MTs to the leading edge of NIH3T3 cells. Necl-5 enhanced the PDGF-induced growth of MTs and attracted them near to the plasma membrane of the leading edge of NIH3T3 cells in an integrin α vΒ 3-dependent manner. Furthermore, Necl-5 enhanced the PDGF-induced attraction of the plus-end-tracking proteins (+TIPs), including EB1, CLIP170, an intermediate chain subunit of cytoplasmic dynein, and p150 Glued, a subunit of dynactin, near to the plasma membrane of the leading edge. Thus, Necl-5 plays a role in the attraction of growing MTs to the plasma membrane of the leading edge of moving cells. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 by the Molecular Biology Society of Japan/Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

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