Tokyo, Japan
Tokyo, Japan

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Ishiguro T.,Kamui Medical Co. | Ishiguro R.,Kamui Medical Co. | Ishiguro M.,Kamui Medical Co. | Iwai S.,Kamui Medical Co.
Hepato-Gastroenterology | Year: 2012

Background/Aims: Omeprazole (OPZ) and tamoxifen (TAM) strengthen the effects of anticancer drugs and dichloroacetate (DCA) inhibits tumor growth. This study assesses the synergistic effects of these drugs. Methodology: HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells and WI-38 human fibroblasts were used as test and control cells, respectively. DCA, OPZ and TAM alone or in combination were applied and cells were counted after a one week culture. The combination of these drugs was prescribed to a cholangiocarcinoma patient and serum CA19-9 was monitored. Results: DCA combined with OPZ and TAM exhibited more potent antitumor activity than DCA alone in HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells, but did not influence proliferation of WI-38 human fibroblasts. All these drugs induce caspase-dependent cell growth inhibition through superoxide production. Since they can be taken orally and have been used clinically without major side effects, it was thought that this combination therapy would be a readily translated strategy to treat malignant tumors. Under the patient's consent these three drugs were prescribed to a 51-year old female cholangiocarcinoma patient to whom neither gemcitabine+S-1 nor adoptive immunotherapy with natural killer cells was effective. Disease progression was successfully blocked (the rise of serum CA19-9 value) for three months, also confirmed by CT. Conclusions: Although findings are preliminary, this study is a sample of translational research. Since there is no consensus regarding treatment strategy of cholangiocarcinoma and chemotherapy has only limited efficacy, it is expected that it might open a new possibility of treatment. © H.G.E. Update Medical Publishing S.A.


Ishiguro T.,Kamui Medical Co. | Ishiguro M.,Kamui Medical Co. | Ishiguro R.,Kamui Medical Co. | Iwai S.,Kamui Medical Co.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2012

It has been reported that treating cancer cells with dichloroacetate (DCA), an approved treatment for congenital lactic acidosis, reverses the Warburg effect and inhibits tumor growth). Furthermore, omeprazole (OMP) is a well-known agent that enhances the effects of anticancer drugs. The aim of this study was to find clinically-used drugs that enhance the effects of DCA. The combination of DCA and OMP exhibited a more potent antitumor activity than DCA alone in HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells and RKO colon cancer cells, while the drugs did not affect the proliferation of WI-38 human fibroblasts. The inhibitory effect of DCA combined with OMP was reversed with vitamin E and Z-VAD-FMK; therefore conventional caspase-dependent cell growth inhibition through superoxide production was suggested as the mechanism for inhibition. The combination of these drugs also had an effect on HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells inoculated into mice. Since OMP and DCA may be administered orally and have been used clinically for several years without major side effects, we believe that this combination therapy could be readily translated to treat malignant tumors.


PubMed | Kamui Medical Co.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncology letters | Year: 2012

It has been reported that treating cancer cells with dichloroacetate (DCA), an approved treatment for congenital lactic acidosis, reverses the Warburg effect and inhibits tumor growth). Furthermore, omeprazole (OMP) is a well-known agent that enhances the effects of anticancer drugs. The aim of this study was to find clinically-used drugs that enhance the effects of DCA. The combination of DCA and OMP exhibited a more potent antitumor activity than DCA alone in HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells and RKO colon cancer cells, while the drugs did not affect the proliferation of WI-38 human fibroblasts. The inhibitory effect of DCA combined with OMP was reversed with vitamin E and Z-VAD-FMK; therefore conventional caspase-dependent cell growth inhibition through superoxide production was suggested as the mechanism for inhibition. The combination of these drugs also had an effect on HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells inoculated into mice. Since OMP and DCA may be administered orally and have been used clinically for several years without major side effects, we believe that this combination therapy could be readily translated to treat malignant tumors.


Omeprazole (OPZ) and tamoxifen (TAM) strengthen the effects of anticancer drugs and dichloroacetate (DCA) inhibits tumor growth. This study assesses the synergistic effects of these drugs.HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells and WI-38 human fibroblasts were used as test and control cells, respectively. DCA, OPZ and TAM alone or in combination were applied and cells were counted after a one week culture. The combination of these drugs was prescribed to a cholangiocarcinoma patient and serum CA19-9 was monitored.DCA combined with OPZ and TAM exhibited more potent antitumor activity than DCA alone in HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells, but did not influence proliferation of WI-38 human fibroblasts. All these drugs induce caspase-dependent cell growth inhibition through superoxide production. Since they can be taken orally and have been used clinically without major side effects, it was thought that this combination therapy would be a readily translated strategy to treat malignant tumors. Under the patients consent these three drugs were prescribed to a 51-year old female cholangiocarcinoma patient to whom neither gemcitabine+S-1 nor adoptive immunotherapy with natural killer cells was effective. Disease progression was successfully blocked (the rise of serum CA19-9 value) for three months, also confirmed by CT.Although findings are preliminary, this study is a sample of translational research. Since there is no consensus regarding treatment strategy of cholangiocarcinoma and chemotherapy has only limited efficacy, it is expected that it might open a new possibility of treatment.

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