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Kiran K.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science
Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Year: 2011

Child abuse and neglect are important public health problems and recent estimates of their prevalence suggest that they are considerably more common than had hitherto been realized. Intervening to change parenting practices may, however, be important in their treatment. Despite their frequent occurrence among dental patients, neglect is the least known and identified type of abuse. The present case reports a 3-year-old girl suffering from abuse and neglect. The girl had dental neglect and also performed poorly in all parameters of growth and development. This case describes the process that was followed in order to reach a diagnosis and safeguard the child. The parent was counseled and the girl got her due share of access to comprehensive oral and general health. This case emphasizes that the dental professional should always be vigilant and collaborates among like-minded individuals to increase the prevention, detection and treatment of these conditions. Source


Lakshmi Kavitha N.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science | Venkateswarlu M.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science | Geetha P.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2012

Complex odontomas are less frequently found as compared to the compound odontomas and they are considered to be hamartomatous malformations rather than true neoplasms. They are generally asymptomatic and are frequently found during a routine radiological examination. Occasionally, they become infected and cause pain and swelling. Here, we report a case of infected complex odontoma and the importance of CT in terms of its diagnosis and treatment planning. Source


Bhavasar R.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science | Santoshkumar G.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science | Prakash B.R.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Year: 2011

Congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP) is one of the rarest of porphyrias occurring worldwide. CEP is a very rare genetic autosomal recessive disease, with mutation in the gene that codifies uroporphyrinogen-III synthase, leading to porphyrin accumulation in many tissues, with marked skin photosensitivity, hemolytic anemia with splenomegaly and a decreased life expectancy. We report a case of Günther's disease in view of its rarity along with a description of this interesting condition. An 18-month-old female baby with clinical, hematological and biochemical profile of CEP was reported with marked skin photosensitivity over face and hands. She had erythrodontia with delayed eruption of teeth. When evaluating erythrodontia of uncertain cause, we advocate maintaining a high degree of awareness for porphyria, especially for CEP as it is the rarest among porphyria and is a life-threatening condition. Source


Nadendla L.K.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science | Meduri V.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science | Paramkusam G.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science
Imaging Science in Dentistry | Year: 2012

Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are a group of highly diverse malignancies and have a strong tendency to affect organs and tissues that do not ordinarily contain lymphoid cells. Primary extra nodal lymphoma of the hard palate is rare. Here, we present a case of diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a 60-year-old male patient that manifested as slightly painful ulcerated growth on the edentulous right maxillary alveolar ridge extending onto the palate, closely resembling carcinoma of the alveolar ridge. Computed tomography images showed the involvement of the maxillary sinus and right nasal cavity, along with destruction of hard palate, superiorly extending into the orbit. This case report highlights the importance of imaging to evaluate the exact extent of such large malignant lesions, which is essential for treatment planning. © 2012 by Korean Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology. Source


Reddy S.P.D.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science | Prakash A.P.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science | Keerthi M.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science | Rao B.J.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Year: 2014

Myositis ossificans is a rare disease that is characterized by bone deposition in the muscle or soft tissues. Myositis ossificans of the masticatory muscles is an uncommon finding. The condition is benign and results in heterotopic bone formation in the muscles of mastication, usually producing limitation of opening of the jaws. It is important to know the exact cause of the limitation of opening of the jaws for successful treatment. Computed tomographic scan and panoramic radiographs along with histological findings are essential diagnostic aids for evaluating conditions such as myositis ossificans. A rare case of myositis ossificans traumatica of temporalis and medial pterygoid muscle is presented here along with the discussion of clinical, radiological and histological features. The present case emphasizes not only on the importance of considering myositis ossificans in the differential diagnosis of limitation of opening of the jaws but also on the improvement of the overall mouth opening and treatment results. Source

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