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Dilsukhnagar, India

Sharma D.,Fernandez Hospital | Murki A.,Kamineni Hospital | Murki S.,Fernandez Hospital | Pratap O.T.,Fernandez Hospital
Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine | Year: 2015

Sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) cause significant morbidity and mortality in the newborn. Their ill effects persist in spite of appropriate and effective antibiotic therapy. Lactoferrin as an adjunct to antibiotics in the treatment of sepsis or NEC in the newborn may improve the clinical outcomes by enhancing the host defense and modulating the inflammatory response. This review focuses on the various aspects of lactoferrin use in the newborn. © 2014 Informa UK Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Narne P.,Osmania University | Ponnaluri K.C.,Osmania University | Singh S.,Kamineni Hospital | Ishaq M.,Osmania University
Journal of Diabetes and its Complications | Year: 2013

Introduction: The polymorphic variants of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene have been implicated in endothelial dysfunction and are highly relevant to macroangiopathies. We investigated the relationship between eNOS gene T-786C, G894T, intron 4a/b polymorphisms and coronary artery disease (CAD) in South Indian type 2 diabetic (T2DM) individuals. Methods: We screened 283 T2DM patients, inclusive of 160 with angiographically defined CAD, 73 with myocardial infarction (MI), 89 without MI and 121 T2DM individuals with no evidence of CAD for eNOS gene polymorphisms. Results: There appeared to be a significant difference in the genotype and allele distribution of eNOS T-786C polymorphism between T2DM groups with and without CAD (p = 0.004), albeit no significant association with MI was observed. The frequencies of TC and CC genotypes and - 786C allele were considerably higher in patients with triple vessel disease (TVD) as compared to those without CAD (p = 0.003), thereby associating this polymorphism with severity of CAD. Genotype and allele distributions of G894T and intron 4a/b polymorphisms were not significantly different between T2DM subjects with and without CAD/MI. Significant linkage disequilibrium was observed between intron 4a/b and T-786C polymorphisms. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed a significant and independent association of eNOS T-786C polymorphism and other putative risk factors with CAD/TVD in T2DM individuals. Conclusions: These findings reveal a significant association between eNOS T-786C polymorphism, CAD/TVD and coincident putative risk factors in T2DM individuals in South Indian population. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

Sharma D.,Fernandez Hospital | Murki A.,Kamineni Hospital | Murki S.,Fernandez Hospital | Pratap T.,Fernandez Hospital
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2014

A preterm male infant (35 weeks), appropriate for gestational age with birth weight of 2.20 kg was born to a 28-year G2 P0 mother. The mother's blood group was A positive and the father's was B positive. Her first pregnancy was an intrauterine fetal death due to immune hydrops. The mother's blood was positive for indirect Coomb's test with 1:32 dilution and anti-M antibodies. This pregnancy was induced at 35 weeks of gestation. Investigations from the cord blood revealed A positive blood group, positive direct Coomb's test, haematocrit of 41.4%, cord reticulocyte count of 5.3% and total serum bilirubin (TSB) of 2.7 mg/dL. Phototherapy was started at 27 h of life for visible jaundice. In view of progressive pallor and a sudden rise of bilirubin, the infant was subjected to exchange transfusion on day 5 of life. The transfusion was given with O negative and anti-M antibodies negative donor blood. Total serum bilirubin (TSB) prior to exchange transfusion was 28 mg/dL and packed cell volume (PCV) was 21%. Phototherapy was continued for a total duration of 8 days. Copyright 2014 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved. Source

Aggarwal A.,PGIMER | Salunke P.,PGIMER | Shekhar B.,Kamineni Hospital | Chhabra R.,PGIMER | And 3 more authors.
Surgical Neurology International | Year: 2013

Background: Obtaining tissue confirmation of the underlying pathology is the gold standard for establishing the etiology of nontraumatic vertebral compression fractures. However, newer investigative modalities such as the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) combined potentially offer the ability to distinguish between benign and malignant lesions, thereby circumventing the need for invasive tissue diagnostic/biopsy procedures. Methods: Twenty-four patients with nontraumatic, spontaneous vertebral compression fractures were prospectively studied. After clinical evaluation, all patients underwent MRI (with/without contrast) focusing on the spinal lesion, followed by whole-body PET-CT. This was followed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of the lesion to confirm the diagnosis. The sensitivity and specificity of MRI and PET-CT studies were calculated for benign vs. malignant lesions. Results: The sensitivity/ specificity of MRI for benign lesions were 78.57%/90%, while the sensitivity/specificity values of PET-CT for benign disease were 92.8%/90% respectively. Alternatively, the sensitivity/specificity of MRI for malignant lesions were 90%/78.57%, while the sensitivity/specificity of PET-CT for malignant disease were 90%/92.8%, respectively. Furthermore, the sensitivity for diagnosing malignant lesions utilizing both studies together was 100%, but the algorithm was not specific. Additionally, the specificity for MRI and PET-CT combined was 100% for benign lesions. PET-CT also helped in monitoring responses to empirical antitubercular treatment (ATT) therapy. Of interest, FNAC was inconclusive in four cases in which PET-CT findings helped further in either obtaining a tissue diagnosis from another location or institution of empirical therapy in suspected cases of tuberculosis. Conclusions: The specificity for MRI and PET-CT combined was 100% for benign lesions. Unfortunately, the specificity for MRI and PET-CT combined was not 100% for malignant vertebral lesions, though it was sensitive. The PET-CT scan was an extremely useful tool when FNAC from the affected site proved inconclusive. It gave additional information regarding the overall extent of disease, while identifying other locations amenable to FNAC. Furthermore, in countries where tuberculosis is endemic, the empirical response to ATT therapy could be monitored utilizing PET-CT.Copyright: © 2013 Li CH. Source

Shailaja S.R.,Panineeya Dental College and Research Center | Manika,Panineeya Dental College and Research Center | Manjula M.,Government Dental College | Kumar L.V.,Kamineni Hospital
Dentomaxillofacial Radiology | Year: 2012

Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the jaws are relatively rare, with fewer than 200 cases reported in the literature. Their real importance lies in their potential to result in exsanguination, which usually follows an unrelated treatment, such as tooth extraction, surgical intervention, puncture wound or blunt injury in involved areas, with the dentist unaware of the existence of the AVM. The present case illustrates an AVM in an 18-year-old female with swelling on the right side of the face. This case report is unique because although there was no history of bleeding episodes, thorough examination and investigation diagnosed it as high-flow vascular malformation. We ascertain the importance of dentists' awareness of the fatal outcome of these lesions and emphasize that, prior to performing any procedure, necessary investigations should always be done. © 2012 The British Institute of Radiology. Source

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