Kameda, Japan
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Routine prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism (VTE) has been recommended after surgery not only in the West but also in Asia recently. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the safety and effectiveness of enoxaparin as a prophylaxis in patients undergoing distal, proximal, or total gastrectomy (TG) for gastric cancers. A total of 565 patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer were reviewed retrospectively. About 256 patients received postoperative prophylaxis with enoxaparin (2000 international unit twice daily for at least six days) and compression stockings; these patients were assigned to the enoxaparin group. About 257 patients comprised a historical control group, who used only compression stockings as a thromboprophylaxis. All patients underwent the same rehabilitation programs during the perioperative period. None of the patients developed symptomatic venous thromboembolism in either the enoxaparin group or the control group. The complication rate of bleeding was not significantly different between the two groups. Only one patient who used three antiplatelet agents concomitantly with enoxaparin required reoperation for anastomotic site bleeding. The usage of enoxaparin for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis is safe for Japanese patients after gastrectomy. But, cautious application is still needed especially when used concomitantly with other antiplatelet agents.


Tozaki M.,Breast Center | Hoshi K.,Kameda Medical Center
American Journal of Roentgenology | Year: 2010

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to assess the histologic prognostic relevance of choline levels obtained using 1H MR spectroscopy with a 1.5-T MR unit in patients with invasive breast cancer and to compare the observed choline levels with the standardized uptake value obtained using FDG PET. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Single-voxel 1H MR spectroscopy and PET/CT were performed for 50 patients with invasive ductal carcinoma (1.5-3 cm in size). The normalized choline signal was calculated using an external standard method. RESULTS. Proton MR spectroscopy detected the presence of choline in 44 cases. The average normalized choline signal was 1.1 (range, 0-3.9). The average standardized uptake value was 6.5 (range, 1.1-23). The correlation (r) between the normalized choline signal and the standardized uptake value was 0.52 (p < 0.0001). The normalized choline signal was significantly correlated with nuclear grade (p = 0.0002), triple-negative breast cancer status (p = 0.0009), and estrogen receptor negativity (p = 0.007). The standardized uptake value was significantly correlated with nuclear grade (p = 0.0002), estrogen receptor negativity (p = 0.002), and triple-negative breast cancer status (p = 0.009). No significant differences were found between the progesterone receptor-positive and negative groups or between the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive and negative groups. CONCLUSION. The choline levels obtained using 1H MR spectroscopy with a 1.5-T unit were well correlated with the standardized uptake value obtained using PET/CT and with the histologic prognostic parameters (nuclear grade, estrogen receptor status, and triple-negative lesion status). © American Roentgen Ray Society.


Fukutake T.,Kameda Medical Center
Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases | Year: 2011

Cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CARASIL) is a single-gene disorder directly affecting the cerebral small blood vessels, that is caused by mutations in the HTRA1 gene encoding HtrA serine peptidase/protease 1 (HTRA1). CARASIL is the second known genetic form of ischemic, nonhypertensive, cerebral small-vessel disease with an identified gene, along with cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL). The exact prevalence of CARASIL is currently unknown, and to date approximately 50 patients have been reported, most of them from Japan and two from China. Genetically, no founder haplotype has been identified, and thus the disease is expected to be found more widely. The main clinical manifestations of CARASIL are ischemic stroke or stepwise deterioration in brain functions, progressive dementia, premature baldness, and attacks of severe low back pain or spondylosis deformans/disk herniation. The most characteristic findings on brain magnetic resonance imaging are diffuse white matter changes and multiple lacunar infarctions in the basal ganglia and thalamus. Histopathologically, CARASIL is characterized by intense arteriosclerosis, mainly in the small penetrating arteries, without granular osmiophilic materials or amyloid deposition. CARASIL is a prototype single-gene disorder of cerebral small vessels secondary to and distinct from CADASIL. CARASIL-associated mutant HTRA1 exhibited decreased protease activity and failed to repress transforming growth factor-β family signaling, indicating that the increased signaling causes arteriopathy in CARASIL. Therefore, HTRA1 represents another new gene to be considered in future studies of cerebral small-vessel diseases, as well as alopecia and degenerative vertebral/disk diseases. © 2011 by National Stroke Association.


O'Uchi E.,Kameda Medical Center | O'Uchi T.,Kameda Medical Center
Neuroradiology | Year: 2010

Introduction: The primitive persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) is the most common carotid-basilar anastomosis, but because of its extremely low incidence, it is poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to clarify the features of PTA and its variants (PTAV) based on a large magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) series. Methods: MRA was performed on continuous 16,415 patients (8,610 males and 7,805 females) between October 2005 and September 2008 using two 1.5-T systems and one 1.0-T system. These all MRAs were evaluated by neuroradiologists. Results: The incidence of both PTA and PTAV was 0.68% (48 cases of PTA, 50 cases of PTAV, and five unclassified). Among them, 65 cases originated from the left internal carotid artery and 38 from the right. There were 44 cases of lateral type PTA and four cases of medial type. Hypoplasia of the basilar artery proximal to the union of PTA was recognized as follows: no hypoplasia in 12 cases, moderate hypoplasia in 22 cases, and severe hypoplasia in 13 cases. Distance from SCA and the union was an average of 6.7 mm. Four cases of pre- and postoperative cerebral aneurysms were recognized in 103 cases (3.9%). Conclusion: We have identified details of both PTA/PTAV. The incidence of PTA was similar to previous studies, and the co-existence of cerebral aneurysm was also similar when compared to patients in the general population without PTA or PTAV. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.


Hase R.,Kameda Medical Center
Kansenshōgaku zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases | Year: 2013

We report herein on a case of Plasmodium malariae malaria with more than a 4-month incubation period. A 35-year-old Japanese man who first presented to our clinic with fever and history of travel to Papua New Guinea was suspected of having Plasmodium vivax malaria based on peripheral smear results. We admitted him and initiated treatment with mefloquine. After two days of therapy, he became afebrile. We discharged him, and P. vivax was later confirmed with PCR. We started mefloquine prophylaxis for a planned trip to Papua New Guinea. After his return, a standard dose of primaquine (15 mg x 14 days) was prescribed for a radical cure of P. vivax. About 4 months after his last visit to Papua New Guinea, he returned to our clinic with fever. We suspected a relapse of P. vivax malaria and admitted him for a second time. After two days of mefloquine therapy, his symptoms improved. We discharged him and restarted a higher dose of primaquine (30 mg x 14 days) therapy for a radical cure of P. vivax. Subsequently, the PCR test revealed the parasite was P. malariae and not P. vivax. Only 13 cases of Plasmodium malariae malaria have been reported in Japan during the past 10 years. Blood-stage schizonticides such as mefloquine is not active against the liver stage. Therefore, the use of these drugs for prophylaxis will not be effective for prevention of malaria if its liver stage is longer than the duration of effective chemoprophylaxis. Although the incubation period of P. malariae is typically 13 to 28 days, it occasionally lasts for months or even years. Careful attention should be given to the possibility that P. malariae occasionally has a long incubation period even in the absence of the hypnozoite stage.


Nomori H.,Kameda Medical Center
Surgery Today | Year: 2014

While the use of segmentectomy to treat lung cancer remains controversial, it has recently gained status as a radical surgery for cT1aN0M0 non-small cell lung cancer. I herein review the literature regarding segmentectomy and present my data to discuss the following issues: the prognosis after segmentectomy; local recurrence; the area required for lymph node dissection at the hilum and mediastinum; the technique used to cut the intersegmental plane; the selection of the lymph nodes for frozen sections; the postoperative pulmonary function; the role of completion lobectomy after radical segmentectomy for cT1N0M0/pN1-2; expectations and concerns regarding the randomized controlled trial JCOG0802; and the future of segmentectomy. © 2013 Springer.


Matsue Y.,Kameda Medical Center
Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society | Year: 2011

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor of poor prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF). The prevalence and prognostic impact of the pre-diabetic state, however, are not well understood. One hundred and thirty-six consecutive patients admitted due to HF were included in this prospective study. The 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed in all patients without known DM, and patients were classified into normal glucose tolerance (NGT), impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and DM groups. Forty-two of the 136 patients had previously been diagnosed with diabetes. Of the remaining 94 patients without known diabetes, 35 (37.2%) patients were classified as NGT, 9 (9.6%) as having IFG, 37 (39.4%) were classified as having IGT, and 13 (13.8%) were newly diagnosed with DM. During follow-up, patients with DM or IGT had significantly lower major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (MACCE)-free rates than NGT patients (P=0.006, P=0.036, respectively). IFG, however, was not significantly related to increased MACCE risk. The presence of IGT (hazard ratio [HR], 4.51; P=0.011) and DM (HR, 4.74; P=0.005) were independent predictors of MACCE even after multivariate analysis. IGT and DM contribute to adverse prognosis in patients with HF. It is feasible to perform diabetes screening using OGTT in patients with HF for risk stratification.


To assess the effectiveness, drug survival and safety of tocilizumab compared with TNF-α inhibitors in clinical practice. Patients in the Cohort of Arthritis Biologic Users at Kameda Institute (CABUKI) registry who were on biologics during July 2003 to October 2010 were included. Remission rates at 6 months, Kaplan-Meier drug survival estimates and serious adverse event (SAE) rates were compared. A total of 247 RA patients were analysed. For first-line biologic users, the 6-month 28-joint DAS (DAS-28)-ESR remission rates were 66.7% for tocilizumab vs 25.8% for TNF inhibitors (P < 0.001, Fisher's exact test). This advantage disappeared with the application of the newly suggested Boolean remission criterion for clinical trials: 0% for tocilizumab vs 8.2% for TNF inhibitors (P = 0.367, Fisher's exact test). Tocilizumab users in DAS-28-ESR remission had lower mean ESR (3.9 mm/h for tocilizumab vs 7.9 mm/h for TNF inhibitors, P = 0.026, t-test) and higher mean swollen joint count (2.6 for tocilizumab vs 1.3 for TNF inhibitors, P = 0.036, t-test), thus failing to meet the more stringent Boolean criteria. First- and second-line tocilizumab users showed similar drug survival and SAE rates compared with TNF inhibitor users. Tocilizumab had drug survival and safety profiles similar to those of TNF inhibitors in this Japanese single-centre registry. Tocilizumab was superior to TNF inhibitors when compared at 6 months by DAS-28-ESR remission. However, the newly suggested Boolean criteria are more appropriate measures of effectiveness as DAS-28-ESR remission by tocilizumab was mainly due to very low ESR in our study population.


Takanashi J.-I.,Kameda Medical Center
Brain and Development | Year: 2011

Moyamoya disease is an uncommon cerebrovascular disease characterized by progressive steno-occlusive changes in the terminal internal carotid arteries (ICA) and their main branches, associated with the development of moyamoya vessels. The incidence of the disease is high in east Asia, especially in Japan and Korea. The familial form accounts for 10-15%. Moyamoya disease has two age distribution peaks at around 5 and 40. years. Most pediatric patients exhibit transient ischemic attacks or infarction. Headache and involuntary movements are serious symptoms associated with pediatric moyamoya disease. MRI and MR angiography (MRA) are useful and non-invasive methods for diagnosing or monitoring moyamoya disease. Cerebral angiography is still the gold standard for a diagnosis, however, it is not mandatory when MRI and MRA show typical findings of moyamoya disease; steno-occlusive changes at the ends of ICA and an abnormal vascular network in the basal ganglia. Other MRI findings have been reported, including T2 shortening in the white matter, the ivy sign on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images, and medullary streaks on FLAIR or enhanced T1-weighted images. © 2010 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology.


Atrial fibrillation (AF), regardless of subtype, is associated with a prothrombotic state, which is related to endothelial dysfunction (ED).We hypothesized that paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) patients have endothelial dysfunction, and this may partially explain the high thromboembolic risk and poorer outcome in this category of patients. The study population consisted of 100 consecutive outpatients with AF (mean age 65.9±7.9 years; 68 (68%) male) and 21 characteristics and comorbidity matched control subjects (mean age 64.8±7.0 years; 13 (61.9%) male). AF patients were divided into the PAF group (n=50) and permanent/persistent AF (PeAF) group (n=50).Reactive hyperemia pulse amplitude tonometry index (RHI) was measured to evaluate endothelial function. RHI was significantly lower in the PAF (1.67±0.30) and PeAF (1.63±0.28) groups in comparison with control subjects (2.12±0.40, both p< 0.001). There was no significant difference in RHI between the PAF and PeAF groups (p= 0.88). On linear regression analysis, both PeAF and PAF are significant independent predictors of RHI. In conclusion, ED in PAF patients was comparable to PeAF patients, and the presence of PAF itself is a contributing factor for ED independent of other coexisting comorbidities. This may provide a mechanism explaining why the risk of thromboembolism in PAF is comparable with PeAF patients.

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