Maulik U.,Jadavpur University |
Mukhopadhyay A.,Kalyani University
Computers and Operations Research | Year: 2010
Microarray technology has made it possible to monitor the expression levels of many genes simultaneously across a number of experimental conditions. Fuzzy clustering is an important tool for analyzing microarray gene expression data. In this article, a real-coded Simulated Annealing (VSA) based fuzzy clustering method with variable length configuration is developed and combined with popular Artificial Neural Network (ANN) based classifier. The idea is to refine the clustering produced by VSA using ANN classifier to obtain improved clustering performance. The proposed technique is used to cluster three publicly available real life microarray data sets. The superior performance of the proposed technique has been demonstrated by comparing with some widely used existing clustering algorithms. Also statistical significance test has been conducted to establish the statistical significance of the superior performance of the proposed clustering algorithm. Finally biological relevance of the clustering solutions are established. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Ghosh R.,Kalyani University
Molecular and cellular biochemistry | Year: 2012
Several acridine derivatives have been screened for their therapeutic potential and some are already established as antiprotozoan, antibacterial or anticancer agents. However, phenyl derivative at C-9 position of acridine had remained unexplored for their biological activity so far. In this report, we present our findings with 9-phenyl acridine (ACPH) as an anticancer agent. Both A375 and HeLa, two human cancer cell lines, were more sensitive to ACPH than normal cells namely human lymphocytes and also Chinese hamster V79 cells. ACPH also led to regression of tumour volume in mice. In A375 cells, we have shown that it caused DNA damage and blocked cell cycle progression at G(2)-M phase. Treatment with ACPH led to lowering of mitochondrial potential, upregulation of bax, release of cytochrome C and activation of caspase 3. As a new agent showing lower toxicity to normal cells and greater sensitivity towards cancerous cell line, ACPH shows promise as an effective cancer chemotherapeutic agent. ACPH treatment resulted in apoptotic death of cells through mitochondria-mediated caspase-dependent pathway.
Bagchi A.,Kalyani University
Gene | Year: 2013
One of the oldest known gene clusters that are involved in biological oxidation processes is the sox operon. This operon is present in different microbial species. In the present study an attempt has been made to analyze the probable structural role of SoxT protein from Pseudaminobacter salicylatoxidans. This protein has been predicted to be a permease-like protein. A comparative model of the protein has been made and analyzed. The possible membrane spanning region of the protein has been detected by structural bioinformatics approach. The inducer of the sulfur oxidation process has been predicted. And thereby the plausible mechanism of the transport of the sulfur anion inside the bacterial cell has been elucidated. Since this is the first study regarding the structural aspect of the protein this study may shed light on the theory of the yet unknown molecular mechanism of the sulfur oxidation process by sox operon. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Ghosh R.,Kalyani University
Mutation research | Year: 2013
Irradiated cells generate dynamic responses in non-irradiated cells; this signaling phenomenon is known as the bystander effect (BE). Factors secreted by the irradiated cells communicate some of these signals. Conditioned medium from UVC-irradiated A375 human melanoma cells was used to study the BE. Exposure of cells to conditioned medium induce cell-cycle arrest at the G2/M transition. Although conditioned medium treatment, by itself, did not alter cell viability, treated cells were more resistant to the lethal action of UVC or H2O2. This protective effect of conditioned medium was lost within 8h. Apoptotic or autophagic cell death was not involved in this resistance. Exposure to conditioned medium did not influence the rate of DNA repair, as measured by NAD(+) depletion. The activities of catalase and superoxide dismutase were elevated in cells exposed to conditioned medium, but returned to normal levels by 8h post-treatment. These results indicate a close correlation between BE-stimulated antioxidant activity and cellular sensitivity. Cell-cycle arrest and stimulation of antioxidant activity may account for the resistance to killing that was observed in bystander cells exposed to UVC or H2O2 treatment and are consistent with the role of the BE as a natural defense function triggered by UVC irradiation. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Paul A.,Kalyani University
Journal of integrative medicine | Year: 2013
To test if myricanone (C21H24O5), a cyclic diarylheptanoid, has anticancer effects on two different cancer cell lines HeLa and PC3. The present study was conducted with a note on the drug-DNA interaction and apoptotic signalling pathway. Several studies like cytotoxicity, nuclear damage, annexin-V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)/propidium iodide (PI)-labelled apoptotic assay and cell cycle arrest, immunoblot and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used following standard protocols. Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy was also done to evaluate whether myricanone effectively interacted with DNA to bring about conformational changes that could strongly inhibit the cancer cell proliferation. Myricanone showed a greater cytotoxic effect on PC3 cells than on HeLa cells. Myricanone promoted G0/G1 arrest in HeLa cells and S phase arrest in PC3 cells. Nuclear condensation and annexin V-FITC/PI studies revealed that myricanone promoted apoptotic cell death. CD spectroscopic data indicated that myricanone had an interaction with calf thymus DNA that changed DNA structural conformation. RT-PCR and immunoblot studies revealed that myricanone activated the apoptotic signalling cascades through down-regulation of transcription factors like nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) (p65), and signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3); cell cycle regulators like cyclin D1, and survivin and other signal proteins like Bcl-2 and up-regulation of Bax, caspase-9 and caspase-3. Myricanone induced apoptosis in both types of cancer cells by triggering caspase activation, and suppression of cell proliferation by down-regulation of NF-κB and STAT3 signalling cascades, which makes it a suitable candidate for possible use in the formulation of therapeutic agent for combating cancer.