Kalna College

Barddhamān, India

Kalna College

Barddhamān, India
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In this work the individual and combined effect of four process parameters, i.e. initial copper (II) concentration, adsorbent dose, initial solution pH, and contact time on the adsorption of copper (II) from aqueous solution were studied by neem bark powder (NBP) using response surface methodology (RSM) approach based on central composite design (CCD). Copper (II) removal is maximum at the pH: 5, adsorbent dose: 0.9 g/50 ml, contact time: 90 min and initial copper (II) ion concentration: 62.5 mg/L. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed the relative significance of process parameters in removal process. The R2, adjusted R2 and predicted R2 values showed a good agreement between the actual and the predicted values. Process variables were optimized by desirability function. Thermodynamic parameters such as Gibbs free energy (δG°), the enthalpy (δH°) and the entropy change of adsorption (δS°) have also been evaluated and it has been found that the adsorption process was spontaneous, feasible and endothermic in nature. © 2017, University of Mohammed Premier.


Jash S.K.,Saldiha College | Gangopadhyay A.,Kalna College | Sarkar A.,Kapastikuri K.M. Vidyapeeth | Gorai D.,Kulti College
Der Pharma Chemica | Year: 2013

The chemical investigation of the stem bark of Peltophorum pterocarpum (DC.) belonging to the family Leguminosae/Fabaceae led to the isolation of four phytoconstituents namely Stigmasterol, ß-Sitosterol, Lupeol and Lupenone. The isolated compounds were characterized using various spectroscopic data as well as chemical studies. Out of the four compounds isolated, lupenone has been isolated for the first time from the plant.


Mukherjee B.,Konkuk University | Mukherjee B.,Kalna College | Sim K.,Konkuk University | Shin T.J.,Pohang Accelerator Laboratory | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Materials Chemistry | Year: 2012

High quality, single crystalline, ordered arrays of a π-conjugated organic molecule, N,N′-dioctyl-3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxylic diimide (PTCDI-C 8), were grown by solution processing and used to fabricate a low-cost, high-performance organic phototransistor (OPT). The single crystalline nature of the microstructure was investigated using 2D-GIXD measurement. The organic field-effect transistor fabricated using periodic arrays of elongated crystals exhibited a photoresponsivity (P) of ca. 1 A W -1 and a photo to dark current ratio (I on/I off) of 2.5 × 10 3 at V G = 12 V and a maximum P of ca. 7 A W -1 at the high gate bias regime (V G = 50 V) with an optical power of ca. 7.5 mW cm -2. With polymeric gate dielectric, the OPT exhibited very stable n-type characteristics both in the dark and under light illumination and showed reproducible photo-switching behavior. The dependence of the photocurrent on the gate/drain voltage and on illumination intensity provided an effective way to control the number of photo-carriers generated in the active material, enabling the precise tuning of the device's performance. Performance comparison between OPTs with ordered crystal arrays and thin films of PTCDI-C 8 confirmed that the material's intrinsic properties were better realized in the crystalline device, presumably because of higher charge carrier mobility and better charge transport capability. This one-step, solution-based, self-assembly fabrication of multifunctional (photodetection, photoswitching, signal amplification) optoelectronic devices has potential to aid the development of organic semiconductors with high-quality micro/nanostructures for large-scale application and low-cost optoelectronic devices. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


Biswas B.N.,SKF Corporation | Chatterjee S.,Kanailal Vidyamandir Fr. Section | Mallick S.G.,SKF Corporation | Choudhury B.,Kalna College
Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Microwave and Photonics, ICMAP 2015 | Year: 2015

Reflex Klystron is an oscillator commonly classified under the categories of differential negative conductance oscillators, like Tetrode Oscillator, Gunn Oscillators etc., whereas the Barkhausen oscillator is categorized under the positive feedback system. With the help of physics positive feedback nature of Reflex Klystron, the growth of oscillation leading to its spectral purification and the effect of transit time delay are discussed here. The dependence of Pole-location, Pole-movement, Starting voltage and Jump-phenomenon, hitherto unknown, on mode number has been given. © 2015 IEEE.


Mukherjee B.,Kalna College | Mukherjee M.,Saroj Mohan Institute of Technology
Langmuir | Year: 2011

Fabrication of high-performance organic thin film transistors (OTFTs) with solution processed organic charge transfer complex (TTF-TCNQ) film as bottom contact source-drain electrodes is reported. A novel capillary based method was used to deposit the source-drain electrodes from solution and to create the channel between the electrodes. Both p- and n-type OTFTs have been fabricated with solution deposited organic charge transfer film as contact electrodes. Comparison of the device performances between OTFTs with TTF-TCNQ as source-drain electrodes and those with Au electrodes (both top and bottom contact) indicate that better results have been obtained in organic complex film contacted OTFT. The high mobility, low threshold voltage, and efficient carrier injection in both types of OTFTs implies the potential use of the TTF-TCNQ based complex material as low-cost contact electrodes. The lower work function of the TTF-TCNQ electrode and better contact of the complex film with the organic thin film owing to the organic-organic interface results in efficient charge transfer into the semiconductor yielding high device performance. The present method having organic metal as contact materials promises great potential for the fabrication of all-organics and plastic electronics devices with high throughput and low-cost processing. © 2011 American Chemical Society.


Mukherjee B.,Kalna College | Mukherjee M.,Saroj Mohan Institute of Technology
Organic Electronics: physics, materials, applications | Year: 2011

We report the fabrication of ordered crystalline array of low molar-mass, soluble organic compounds (TCNQ, TTF) in large scale by a simple solution casting technique requiring no additional surface treatment. Different solvents and different processing conditions have been applied to find the optimum conditions for direct growth of the ordered crystalline arrays. Based on these crystalline arrays, organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) and photodetectors (PDs) have been fabricated which exhibited excellent device performances. TCNQ (TTF) based OFETs exhibited a low threshold voltage, high on/off current ratio (∼103) and a field-effect mobility as high as ∼0.02 (0.05) cm2 V-1 s-1. The ordered organic crystalline arrays, used in the fabrication of PDs, showed reproducible and reversible photoswitching characteristics with photo to dark current conversion ratio ∼40. This one-step, solution-based, self-assembly method for ordered array of different organic crystals in large area could have significant potential for future large-scale and low-cost optoelectronic devices. In addition, this study may encourage the researchers to synthesize and investigate for different organic materials capable of forming high quality nano/micro crystalline structures for various applications in plastic electronic devices. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Sen S.,Kalna College | Chakravarty S.,Visva Bharati
Korea Australia Rheology Journal | Year: 2012

The present study is dealt with the constricted flow characteristics of blood in arteries by making use of an appropriate mathematical model. The constricted artery experiences the generated wall shear stress due to flow disturbances in the presence of constriction. The disturbed flow in the stenosed arterial segment causes malfunction of the cardiovascular system leading to serious health problems in the form of heart attack and stroke. The flowing blood contained in the stenosed artery is considered to be non-Newtonian while the flow is treated to be two-dimensional. The present pursuit also accounts for the motion of the arterial wall and its effect on local fluid mechanics. The flow analysis applies the time-dependent, two-dimensional incompressible nonlinear Navier-Stokes equations for non-Newtonian fluid representing blood. An extensive quantitative analysis presented at the end of the paper based on large scale numerical computations of the quantities of major physiological significance enables one to estimate the constricted flow characteristics in the arterial system under consideration which deviates significantly from that of normal physiological flow conditions. © 2012 The Korean Society of Rheology and Springer.


The observation of large photoresponsivity in a π-conjugated small organic molecule, viz., N,N′-dioctyl-3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxylic diimide (PTCDI-C8) and consequently, fabrication of organic photodetector with single layer of PTCDI-C8 is reported. The same device, without any actual gate terminal, can also be used to obtain field-effect transistor (FET) characteristics by exploiting the photoresponse properties of the material. Photo-illumination on the active material which ensured an induced channel by the photo generated charge carriers, resembled as the pseudo gate electrode. The simple lateral structure with gold (Au) as source and drain electrodes and vacuum deposited thin film of PTCDI-C8 as the active layer produced high-performance photodetector and transistor behavior, showing pseudo-output and transfer curves with an on/off ratio of 4 × 102. The two terminal organic devices exhibited photoresponsivity value ca. 50 mA/W, external quantum efficiency ∼40%, reproducible and reversible photo-switching behavior with photo to dark current ratio ca. 200 and a switching time <10 ms. Modulation and tuning of the device's performance were done by controlling the number of photo generated carriers. The multifunctional ability, such as, photosensing, photoswitching, and signal amplification realized in a single unit opens up immense possibilities for integrated device applications in large-scale and low-cost plastic optoelectronic devices. © 2015 Elsevier GmbH.


Mukherjee B.,Kalna College
Indian Journal of Physics | Year: 2014

Fabrication of organic crystals assembly of a small molecule, viz, 6,13 bis(tri-isopropylsilylethynyl) pentacene by solution casting is reported. The pentacene derivative is chosen because of its excellent crystal forming ability and reasonably high solubility in a range of organic solvents. Solution-processed crystals of 6,13 bis(tri-isopropylsilylethynyl) pentacene are deposited from high boiling point solvent and show strong molecular ordering. Based on the solution-processed crystals, bottom-contact organic field-effect transistors and organic phototransistors have been fabricated, producing excellent device performances. Transistors based on the said molecule exhibit high on/off current ratio (>103) and a maximum field-effect mobility ~0.49 cm2 V-1 s-1. Moreover, phototransistor fabricated from said crystals exhibits fast response speed, good photoresponsivity (ca. 0.4 A W-1), high photo to dark current ratio (ca. 500) and reproducible and reversible photoswitching characteristics under visible illumination. Dependence of photocurrent on illumination intensity indicates an effective way for controlling photo-carriers generation in active material and hence of tuning and modulating device's performance. The ability to make large area organic crystals through solution processing opens up new possibilities for integrated device applications of organic nanostructures for future large-scale and low-cost plastic optoelectronic devices. © 2014 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science.


Chaudhury C.R.,Kalna College | Roychowdhury A.,UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research | Das A.,UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research | Das D.,UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids | Year: 2016

Magnetic-fluorescent nanocomposites (NCs) with 10 wt% of α-Fe2O3 in ZnO have been prepared by the high energy ball-milling. The crystallite sizes of α-Fe2O3 and ZnO in the NCs are found to vary from 65 nm to 20 nm and 47 nm to 15 nm respectively as milling time is increased from 2 to 30 h. XRD analysis confirms presence of α-Fe2O3 and ZnO in pure form in all the NCs. UV-vis study of the NCs shows a continuous blue-shift of the absorption peak and a steady increase of band gap of ZnO with increasing milling duration that are assigned to decreasing particle size of ZnO in the NCs. Photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the NCs reveal three weak emission bands in the visible region at 421, 445 and 485 nm along with the strong near band edge emission at 391 nm. These weak emission bands are attributed to different defect - related energy levels e.g. Zn-vacancy, Zn interstitial and oxygen vacancy. Dc and ac magnetization measurements show presence of weakly interacting superparamagnetic (SPM) α-Fe2O3 particles in the NCs. 57Fe-Mössbauer study confirms presence of SPM hematite in the sample milled for 30 h. Positron annihilation lifetime measurements indicate presence of cation vacancies in ZnO nanostructures confirming results of PL studies. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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