Elista, Russia

Kalmyk State University

Elista, Russia

Kalmyk State University is the oldest and largest university in Kalmykia. Since 2011 it is called Federal State Budget Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education. The university was established in 1970, and now it is more than 8000 students, studying at 7 Departments and 1 institute: Department of Engineering and Technology; Department of Humanities; Department of Mathematics, Physics and Information Technologies; Department of Pedagogical Education and Biology; Department of Agriculture; Department of Economics; Department of Management and Law; Institute of Kalmyk Philology and Oriental Studies. Wikipedia.

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Bananova V.A.,Kalmyk State University | Lazareva V.G.,Kalmyk State University
Arid Ecosystems | Year: 2014

An analysis of desertification in the Southern Federal District of the Russian Federation during 1980–2000 proved a transmission from a strong to a weak stage of desertification. A mechanism of digression and renovation of vegetation under different levels of pasture load was revealed and the trends of their modern development determined in Kalmykia. Research confirms the reversibility of exogenous successions under favorable climate conditions and low anthropogenic pressure. The rise of the Caspian Sea level favors the halophytization of the vegetation. © 2014, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Illarionov E.A.,Moscow State University | Tlatov A.G.,Kalmyk State University
Geomagnetism and Aeronomy | Year: 2016

We have analyzed the geometric characteristics of sunspots. The form of sunspots has been studied by sunspot image normalization to obtain the average profile of spots and the profile relative to the position of cores. The deviation of the sunspot form from the axisymmetric configuration has been studied. We have found that the spots of leading and trailing polarities have a drop shape. The cores of leading and trailing sunspots are shifted toward the western and eastern edges of the photosphere–penumbra boundary, respectively. The strength of the magnetic field of the cores of leading spots in the eastern hemisphere exceeds the field strength in the western hemisphere. We considered the tilt of the form of sunspots as a function of size. The form of spots of a large area (S > 1000 ppm of solar hemisphere) is elongated along the magnetic axis of the bipole of a group of sunspots. © 2016, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Rassadin V.I.,Kalmyk State University
Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal | Year: 2015

This article is concerned with lexical parallels in the dairy cattle terminology in the Turkic and Mongol languages. It is also focused on the archetypes and etymology of the Turkic-Mongol parallels under study. In the course of the research we have analysed traditional Mongol languages and the Ancient Turkic language to check the etymological background of the modern Turkic words. The comparative analysis of the Turkic-Mongol parallels in dairy cattle terms embrace lexical units connected with reproductive cattle names, their physical features, cattle handling either in stalls or distant pastures, shepherds' way of life, various forage grasses and watering points. As a result, we have concluded that these Turkic-Mongol parallels used in the Mongol languages are clearly of the Turkic origin. Therefore, the ancient Mongols borrowed the dairy cattle vocabulary from the Turkic peoples at the time of the Common Mongol protolanguage.

Shagaeva N.A.,Kalmyk State University
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2015

The article considers the problems connected with the formation of moral qualities in junior schoolchildren while learning ethno-cultural traditions in manual training classes. Moral qualities are formed not during verbal or activity events but in complex everyday relationships when a child has to sort out, to make a choice, to resolve and to commit acts. As a result, the principles of behaviour and self-control are consolidated. © 2015, European Journal of Science and Theology. All right reserved.

Khongorova O.V.,Kalmyk State University | Mikhalyaev B.B.,Kalmyk State University | Ruderman M.S.,University of Sheffield
Solar Physics | Year: 2012

Fast sausage waves in a model coronal loop that consists of a cylindrical core with axial magnetic field and coaxial annulus with purely azimuthal magnetic field are considered. It is shown that the principal mode of fast sausage waves with arbitrary wavelength, which is the mode having no nodes in the radial direction, can be supported by such a loop. All other modes can propagate in such a loop as trapped modes only if their wavelengths are smaller than the cut-off wavelength. The obtained theoretical results are applied to the interpretation of observed periodic pulsations of microwave emission in flaring loops with periods of a few tens of seconds. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Mikhalyaev B.B.,Kalmyk State University | Bembitov D.B.,Kalmyk State University
Solar Physics | Year: 2014

We consider a model of a coronal loop that is a cylindrical magnetic tube with two surface electric currents. Its principal sausage mode has no cut-off in the long-wavelength limit. For typical coronal conditions, the period of the mode is between one and a few minutes. The sausage mode of flaring loops could cause long-period pulsations observed in microwave and hard X-ray ranges. There are other examples of coronal oscillations: longperiod pulsations of active-region quiet loops in the soft X-ray emission are observed. We assume that these can also be caused by sausage waves. The question arises of how the sausage waves are generated in quiet loops. We assume that they can be generated by torsional oscillations. This process can be described in the framework of the nonlinear three-wave interaction formalism. The periods of interacting torsional waves are similar to the periods of torsional oscillations observed in the solar atmosphere. The timescale of the sausage-wave excitation is not much longer than the periods of interacting waves, so that the sausage wave is excited before torsional waves are damped. © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014.

Tlatov A.G.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Kuzanyan K.M.,Kalmyk State University | Vasil'yeva V.V.,Russian Academy of Sciences
Solar Physics | Year: 2016

The spatial and temporal distributions of solar filaments were analyzed using data from the Meudon Observatory for the period of 1919 – 2003 and the Kislovodsk Mountain Astronomical Station for the period of 1979 – 2014. We scanned (Formula presented.) solar synoptic charts on which the filaments were identified and digitized. The data on each filament comprise its location, length, area, and other geometrical characteristics. The temporal distributions of the number and total length of the filaments were obtained. We also found latitudinal migration of filament locations with the solar cycle and analyzed the latitudinal distribution and asymmetry of filaments in the northern and southern hemispheres as well as other properties of their distribution. The tilt angles of filaments with respect to the solar equator ((Formula presented.)) were analyzed. On average, the eastern tips of filaments are closer to the poles than the western ones ((Formula presented.)). On the other hand, the filaments in the polar regions (latitude (Formula presented.)) usually have negative tilts ((Formula presented.)). The tilt angles vary with the phase of the 11-year sunspot cycle and show their highest values in the activity maximum. In the century-long modulation of the solar activity (Gleissberg cycle), the mean tilt angles of filaments in the mid-latitude zone ((Formula presented.)) were largest in the middle of the 20th century in Solar Cycles 18 – 19. We hereby propose that these statistical properties of solar filaments can be used as a coherent measure of the solar cycle that covers all latitudes and for which an almost century-long systematically calibrated data series is available. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

Bisengaliev R.A.,Kalmyk State University | Mustsevoi V.V.,Volgograd State University
Astronomy Reports | Year: 2013

This article continues our studies of the development of an MHD, waveguide, centrifugalresonance instability as a possible mechanism for the formation of solar magnetic arcades; here, we take into account the non-isentropic nature of this process associated with the presence of dynamical radiative cooling. In contrast to the results of our previous study, our computational data show that five, rather than two, waveguide-resonance families of unstable modes are able to develop in a cylindrical, rotating layer of magnetized plasma. This substantially expands the spectrum of associated wave processes, so that the joint action of all these growing wave harmonics can lead in the non-linear stage of their development to morphologies close to those observed in solar magnetic arcades-to the formation both of the magnetic arcades themselves and of fine structure in such arcades. © 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Dzhimbeeva L.N.,Kalmyk State University
Solar System Research | Year: 2011

The use of integral characteristics of radio spots showed that in addition to the known 3-5-min oscillations, the above-spot regions of sunspots exhibit quasiperiodic oscillations of intensity, perimeter, sectional area, and area of the surface of the above-spot source radio image with periods in the ranges of 25-80, 90-110, 120-140, and 160-210 min. These periods are observed for all spots studied using the different characteristics of a radio source, which does not contradict the interpretation of these low-frequency oscillations as natural oscillations of spots near a certain position of stable equilibrium. © 2011 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Naminova K.A.,Kalmyk State University
Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia | Year: 2014

Ecological insurance is an effective tool of state policy regulation, as it is shown in the article. Several problems set barriers for its effective development. The main problems are listed in the article. Development of regional ecological insurance system that is almost absent now is pressing task. Development of the system of ecological insurance of Kalmykia will promote sustainable development of economy of the region.

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