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Balaji K.,Tagore Dental College | Murugesan R.,Kalinga Institute of Dental science | Krishnaswamy N.R.,Ragas Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the shear bond strength of hydrophilic materials like Transbond MIP with Assure-fluoride releasing light cure sealant paste system (Reliance orthodontic product), Enhance Lc-adhesion booster (Reliance Orthodontics) Prime and Bond NT-one step adhesive with nanotechnology (Dentsply Product India) with Transbond XT as the control group. Materials and methods: The study was conducted on 180 extracted human premolar teeth which were divided into five main groups. Each group contained 36 teeth, which were further subdivided into three subgroups containing 12 teeth. The teeth were bonded in three different surface environments namely dry, contaminated with artificial saliva and reprimed after contamination with artificial salvia. The brackets were bonded and cured. The shear bond strength was tested using Instron universal testing machine (4501). Results: The results were subjected to statistical analysis like 3 factorial ANOVA and compared to post-hoc using the Student Newman levels test. The residual resin on the tooth surface after debonding was evaluated with adhesive remnant index. Clinical significance: The results revealed that in situations in which moisture contamination is critical there is distinct advantage in using hydrophilic primers. Source

Das D.,Kalinga Institute of Dental science
Kathmandu University Medical Journal

Any type of aesthetic correction in dental practice is always a challenging task, especially when it is complicated with cleftt lip and alveolus. Careful examination and correct decision making at early stage of treatment and multi disciplinary approach is always necessary for long term success. This paper described a multidisciplinary approach in managing a 19-year-old female patient with unilateral cleftt alveolus impacted maxillary canine, missing lateral incisor and hypoplastic central incisor by surgical, orthodontic and prosthodontic means. The impacted canine was surgically exposed and orthodontic traction given to bring it into the normal alignment. The missing lateral incisor was replaced by a fixed bridge with a ceramic gingival fixed prosthesis to manage alveolar cleftt. At the same time the hypoplastic defect of central incisor was hidden by the full coverage retainer used for the bridge abutment on the tooth. Source

Chandrashekhar V.K.,Kalinga Institute of Dental science | Chinnannavar S.N.,KIIT University | Singh A.,Sehora
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research

Background: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc disorders are one of the major concerns to the mankind and doctors in day to day life due to its complex nature and failure to treat these kinds of conditions successfully. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of arthrocentesis in patients suffering from TMJ disc disorders. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 subjects suffering from TMJ disc disorders were selected and treated by arthrocentesis. The subjects were followed up for a period of one year. Results: The mean maximal mouth opening prior to arthro-centesis was 32.13mm and after the procedure the mean maximal mouth opening was 46.6mm. The mean right and left lateral movements before arthrocentesis were 7.15mm and 7.59mm respectively, and the mean right and left lateral movements of 9.49 and 9.31 respectively were present after the procedure. The mean degree of pain before arthrocentesis was 8.7, and after the procedure the mean degree of pain was 1.13 as per the visual analogue scale. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggested potential utility of arthrocentesis in the management of TMJ disc disorders. © 2015, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All Rights Reserved. Source

Maheswaran T.,Vivekanandha Dental College for Women | Abikshyeet P.,Kalinga Institute of Dental science | Sitra G.,Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental science | Gokulanathan S.,Vivekanandha Dental College for Women | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences

Tastes in humans provide a vital tool for screening soluble chemicals for food evaluation, selection, and avoidance of potentially toxic substances. Taste or gustatory dysfunctions are implicated in loss of appetite, unintended weight loss, malnutrition, and reduced quality of life. Dental practitioners are often the first clinicians to be presented with complaints about taste dysfunction. This brief review provides a summary of the common causes of taste disorders, problems associated with assessing taste function in a clinical setting and management options available to the dental practitioner. Source

Sabir H.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital | Kumbhare S.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital | Rout P.,Kalinga Institute of Dental science
Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology

Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of ponticulus posticus (PP) in patients with migraine. Study Design The presence and types of PP were investigated in 100 patients with migraine and 100 healthy controls on digital lateral cephalograms and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. Results PP was found in 42% of the patients with migraine and in 19% of the healthy controls on digital lateral cephalograms. CBCT scan found PP in 40 patients with migraine and in 18 healthy controls. The agreement between the occurrence of PP seen on digital lateral cephalograms and that seen on CBCT images was "very good" (κ = 0.92). Conclusions Significant association was found between PP and migraine. PP is easily visible on lateral cephalograms. For a more accurate diagnosis, CBCT is required. Therefore, radiographic detection of PP must be considered an important task, because this anomaly may be a key indicator of an underlying disease process. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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