Kalinga Institute of Dental science

Bhubaneshwar, India

Kalinga Institute of Dental science

Bhubaneshwar, India
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Makkar H.,Kalinga Institute of Dental science | Patri G.,Kalinga Institute of Dental science
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2017

Introduction: Nanotechnology is gaining momentum in the search for ideal biomaterials by dental researchers. The expansible nature of Endodontology deems exploration, learning and scrutinizing newer avenues which have the potential to be applied and investigated. The popularity of polymers as drug delivery vehicles has opened avenues for their application in the root canal system. This study utilized application of biodegradable polymers as potential drug delivery vehicles against Enterococcus faecalis, one of the main reasons for post treatment disease. Aim: This study aimed at fabricating Poly (Lactic-co-Glycolic Acid) (PLGA)-moxifloxacin nanoparticles and assessing its sustained antimicrobial efficacy with calcium hydroxide and chitosan-moxifloxacin hydrogel against Enterococcus faecalis. Materials and Methods: PLGA (50:50) in a quantity of 100 mg was dissolved in 1 ml ethyl acetate and 45 ml of 0.3% w/v Vitamin-E Polyethylene Glycol 1000 Succinate (vitamin E-TPGS) was kept for magnetic stirring in separate beaker. Moxifloxacin (50 μl) was added to polymer PLGA following which vitamin E-TPGS was added to the polymer. Nanoparticles were fabricated using ultrasonication and collected by centrifugation. Surface characterization was assessed using scanning electron microscope. Results were obtained in the form of zone of inhibition by the nanoparticles against Enterococcus faecalis and comparisons were made with chitosan-moxifloxacin hydrogel and calcium hydroxide using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) followed by Student t-test. Results: Upon statistical analysis, the zone of inhibition against E. faecalis remained constant with PLGA-moxifloxacin nanoparticles for 14 days while it decreased with chitosan-moxifloxacin hydrogel and remained nil for calcium hydroxide (p<0.01). Conclusion: The study posits that PLGA encapsulated moxifloxacin nanoparticles showcased sustained antibacterial effect in low doses against the test pathogen. Its sustained and programmed release makes them unique contenders for further evaluation in Endodontics as potential intracanal medicaments. © 2017, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.

Das D.,Kalinga Institute Of Dental science
Kathmandu University Medical Journal | Year: 2013

Any type of aesthetic correction in dental practice is always a challenging task, especially when it is complicated with cleftt lip and alveolus. Careful examination and correct decision making at early stage of treatment and multi disciplinary approach is always necessary for long term success. This paper described a multidisciplinary approach in managing a 19-year-old female patient with unilateral cleftt alveolus impacted maxillary canine, missing lateral incisor and hypoplastic central incisor by surgical, orthodontic and prosthodontic means. The impacted canine was surgically exposed and orthodontic traction given to bring it into the normal alignment. The missing lateral incisor was replaced by a fixed bridge with a ceramic gingival fixed prosthesis to manage alveolar cleftt. At the same time the hypoplastic defect of central incisor was hidden by the full coverage retainer used for the bridge abutment on the tooth.

Maheswaran T.,Vivekanandha Dental College for Women | Abikshyeet P.,Kalinga Institute of Dental science | Sitra G.,Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental science | Gokulanathan S.,Vivekanandha Dental College for Women | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences | Year: 2014

Tastes in humans provide a vital tool for screening soluble chemicals for food evaluation, selection, and avoidance of potentially toxic substances. Taste or gustatory dysfunctions are implicated in loss of appetite, unintended weight loss, malnutrition, and reduced quality of life. Dental practitioners are often the first clinicians to be presented with complaints about taste dysfunction. This brief review provides a summary of the common causes of taste disorders, problems associated with assessing taste function in a clinical setting and management options available to the dental practitioner.

Panda S.,Institute of Dental science | Sahoo S.R.,Institute of Dental science | Srivastav G.,Institute of Dental science | Padhiary S.,Institute of Dental science | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Oncology | Year: 2014

Odontogenic carcinoma is rare group of malignant epithelial odontogenic neoplasms with characteristic clinical behavior and histological features, which requires an aggressive surgical approach. The pathogenesis of this rare group remains still controversial and there have been many varied opinions over the classification of this rare group of lesions. As there have not been many reviews on odontogenic carcinoma, the existing knowledge is mostly derived from the published case reports. This review is discussing the pathogenetic mechanisms and is updating the knowledge on nomenclature system of less explored odontogenic carcinomas. This review might throw light on the pathogenesis and nomenclature system of odontogenic carcinoma and this knowledge may be applied therapeutically. © 2014 Swagatika Panda et al.

PubMed | Kalinga Institute of Dental science
Type: Review | Journal: Pharmacognosy reviews | Year: 2017

Keeping an eye the escalating costs of dental services, the treatment cost of the consequences of dental caries can be reduced to manageable proportions by preventive measures aimed at decreasing the prevalence. One such measure is by increasing the consumption of caries preventive foods. Recently, there has been an upsurge of interest in mushrooms not only as a healthy food but also as a caries preventive food. The most common type of mushroom, Lentinula edodes also called as shiitake, is studied in-depth for its oral health benefits. The cultivation of shiitake dates way back to 1100 A.D. during the rule of Sung dynasty which is replaced by more modern and efficient sawdust substrate log cultures lately. Shiitake mushroom extract can be isolated in various forms such as freeze dried, oil, and ethyl acetate extracts. Various biologically active compounds such as erythritol, copalic acid, adenosine, carvacrol, and many more are responsible for this mushrooms antimicrobial activity. Anticariogenicity can be attributed to the induction of the detachment of cariogenic microorganisms from hydroxyapatite, changes in cell surface hydrophobicity, bactericidal activity, and disruption of signal transduction in

PubMed | Hitkarini Dental College and Hospital and Kalinga Institute of Dental science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society | Year: 2016

Researchers have concentrated their focus on denture wearers attitude and practice toward denture cleansing despite the fact that they should be more focused on the attitudes of the dentists themselves towards patient education at the time of denture delivery. It is an obligation of every dentist to motivate, instruct and provide the means and methods of plaque control for their patients.The aim was to assess the denture hygiene knowledge, attitudes and practice towards patient education in denture care among dental practitioners (DPs) of Jabalpur city, Madhya Pradesh, India.A total of 168 dental practitioners completed a comprehensive questionnaire. All participants signed an informed consent before answering the questionnaire. The institutional review committee approved the study.Chi-square test for non-parametric study was employed to determine the statistical difference between the two groups. A P-value of 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.Most of the subjects were qualified with a bachelor degree 142 (85%). 25 (18%) subjects did not associate oral biofilms on complete denture with conditions like denture stomatitis and other serious systemic diseases. Approximately half of the DPs 69 (48%) and specialists 8 (31%) agreed that explaining denture hygiene instructions to old patients can be very time consuming. A recall program for their patients is of importance according to 39 (27%) of DPs and 3 (12%) specialists.It may be concluded that the study subjects had limited knowledge of denture cleansing materials and denture hygiene importance. Attitudes varied among the subjects when it came to sharing information with their patients.

PubMed | KLE University and Kalinga Institute of Dental science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Contemporary clinical dentistry | Year: 2016

Dental caries and periodontal disease are most common oral diseases. The study comprises of 75 subjects aged between 20-70 years, reporting to department of Periodontology, KLEs Institute of Dental Sciences, Bangalore. Subjects were divided into 3 groups of 25 each. Group 1 - Healthy controls, Group 2 - Gingivitis Group, 3 - Chronic periodontitis. Unstimulated saliva was collected in sterile container and immediately pH was evaluated. Subgingival plaque samples were collected from four deepest periodontal pockets in chronic periodontitis and from first molars in healthy subjects using 4 sterile paper points. In gingivitis subjects samples were collected from areas showing maximum signs of inflammation. All paper points and saliva samples were cultured on mitis salivarius agar culture media with bacitracin for quantification of the Increased colonization of More severe forms of periodontal disease may create different ecological niches for the proliferation of

PubMed | SCB Dental College and Hospital and Kalinga Institute of Dental science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Contemporary clinical dentistry | Year: 2016

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection which manifests as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease involving the defects of the T-lymphocyte arm of the immune system. Certain laboratory parameters such as the cluster of differentiation (CD4) count and clinical parameters have long been used as markers of disease progression. In industrialized countries, many studies show a highly correlation between the incidence of oral lesions and immunosuppression and hence, can be used as a marker of immunosuppression. This might not be applicable to a developing country like India. In this study, efforts have been made to supplement the present knowledge on various aspects of oral manifestations in HIV patients in the Indian subcontinent.To correlate the oral manifestations in HIV/AIDS patients to the level of circulating CD4+ T-lymphocyte count and their effect in anti-retroviral therapy (ART).A total of 104 HIV positive patients were examined for oral lesions. The CD4 count estimated on the same day by fluorescent activated cell sort count machine was then correlated with various oral lesions.Oral manifestations appeared when CD4 count decreased below 500 cells/mmOral manifestations are highly predictive markers of severe immune deterioration and disease progression in HIV patients.

PubMed | Sarjug Dental College and Hospital, Kalinga Institute of Dental science and Surendera Dental College and Research Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology | Year: 2016

The role of periodontium in supporting the tooth structures is well-known. However, less is known about its contribution to the field of ophthalmology. Corneal diseases are among major causes of blindness affecting millions of people worldwide, for which synthetic keratoprosthesis was considered the last resort to restore vision. Yet, these synthetic keratoprosthesis suffered from serious limitations, especially the foreign body reactions invoked by them resulting in extrusion of the whole prosthesis from the eye. To overcome these shortcomings, an autologous osteo-odonto keratoprosthesis utilizing intraoral entities was introduced that could positively restore vision even in cases of severely damaged eyes. The successful functioning of this prosthesis, however, predominantly depended on the presence of a healthy periodontium for grafting. Therefore, the following short communication aims to acknowledge this lesser-known role of the periodontium and other oral structures in bestowing vision to the blind patients.

PubMed | Kalinga Institute of Dental science and Rajarajeswari Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2016

Dentinal Hypersensitivity (DH) is commonly encountered clinical condition in dental practice which affects 8-57% of the adult population presenting for dental treatment, but the treatment of the same remains doubtful.The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of three different desensitizing agents (15% nano hydroxyapatite crystals; 5% novamin and 8% proargin) on dentinal permeability and tubule occlusion in-vitro. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) was used to evaluate the effect of these commercially available desensitizing toothpastes.A total of 40 disc shaped dentin specimens were dissected from extracted premolars. Dentin discs of 1mm were obtained with the help of diamond discs. Ten specimens were randomly selected and allocated to the evaluation groups A (control group), B (Nano-hydroxyapatite), C (Novamin) and D (Proargin). Each treatment group dentine disc specimen was treated with the respective slurry for two minutes for a period of seven days. Each disc was subjected to a pre- and post-treatment SEM analysis to evaluate the changes occurring in the dentinal tubules.The qualitative analysis showed no occlusion of the dentinal tubules in Group A (control group) and Group B (nano-hydroxyapatite) showed 98.1% tubule occlusion. Group C (Novamin) and D (Proargin) showed 83.1% and 69.1% tubule occlusion respectively. Quantitative analysis showed a statistical significant difference between Group B and D (p< 0.005) and no statistical significant difference between group B and C (p= 0.235). Similarly, there was no significant difference between Group C and D as (p=0.235).It was concluded that all the three desensiting agents were effective in the dentine tubule occlusion. In addition efficacy of nano-hydroxyapatite toothpaste was greater compared to the other desensiting agents.

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