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Trygvadottir B.V.,Kaldbak Marine Biological Laboratory | Mobjerg Kristensen R.,Copenhagen University
Journal of Limnology | Year: 2013

The Faroe islands (62°N, 7°W) are an archipelago of 18 small islands situated in the northeast Atlantic ocean between Iceland and the Shetland islands. A zoogeographic investigation (2001-2004) of the limnoterrestrial tardigrade fauna of these islands revealed 48 limnoterrestrial species and subspecies and one marine species, of which 29 were new records for the Faroe islands. Among the findings were three species in the recently described genus belonging to the family Eohypsibiidae. A faunistic comparison was also done with Iceland, Svalbard islands, Disko island (Greenland), Greenland (West and East), Scotland, England and with Newfoundland. On the basis of presence/absence data of the tardigrade species from the different countries a cluster analysis was computed, based on BrayCurtis similarities, and a dendrogram was constructed. The interesting results show that the Faroese tardigrade fauna is mostly similar with Iceland, which could be expected, but more surprising it is also very similar to the tardigrade fauna on Disko island (West Greenland). Several of the reported species exhibit a boreo-alpine disjunction (i.e.species only found in northern latitudes and in high altitudes farther south). These facts could indicate that the tardigrade fauna on the islands is very ancient and could have survived glaciation periods in refuges such as nunatakswhich occurred on the Faroes during glaciation periods. This study also includes a closer inspection of the altitudinal distribution of the tardigrade species found compared with similar data from Poland.

Trygvadottir B.V.,Kaldbak Marine Biological Laboratory | Trygvadottir B.V.,Copenhagen University | Kristensen R.M.,Copenhagen University
Zootaxa | Year: 2011

A diverse eutardigrade fauna of the family Eohypsibiidae Bertolani & Kristensen, 1987 was collected on the Faroe Islands. The first record of Bertolanius weglarskae (Dastych, 1972) and new records of Eohypsibius nadjae Kristensen, 1982 are documented. The new genus Austeruseus is established and three new species, Austeruseus faeroensis, nov. sp., A. balduri nov. sp. and A. rokuri nov. sp. are described. The genus differentiates from the genera Bertolanius and Eohypsibius in the buccal tube. The apophyses for the insertion of stylet muscles are (two or six) lateral hooks and the entire length of the mouth and buccal tube are straight in Austeruseus, while Bertolanius and Eohypsibius have the apophyses for the insertion of stylet muscles as crests with ventral and dorsal hooks, and the mouth and buccal tube are flared or trumpet shaped. With five species the Faroese tardigrade fauna is the richest in the world with regard to the family Eohypsibiidae. The genus Austeruseus is primarily found in mosses at high mountain biotopes, and the new genus may be a glacial relic. Copyright © 2011. Magnolia Press.

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