Warangal, India
Warangal, India

Kakatiya University is a public university located in Warangal in the Indian state of Telangana.The university offers about 120 programs at undergraduate and postgraduate levels in the faculties of arts, science, commerce and business management, social science, education, engineering and pharmaceutical science with constituent and affiliated colleges spread over four districts of Telangana. The faculties include 248 teaching staff and 622 non-teaching staff. Wikipedia.

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Vadlakonda L.,Kakatiya University | Pasupuleti M.,SRM University | Pallu R.,University of Hyderabad
Frontiers in Oncology | Year: 2013

The PI3K-Akt pathway together with one of its downstream targets, the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR; also known as the mammalian target of rapamycin) is a highly deregulated pathway in cancers. mTOR exists in two complexes, mTORC1 and mTORC2. Akt phosphorylated at T308 inhibits TSC1/2 complex to activate mTORC1; mTORC2 is recognized as the kinase phosphorylating Akt at S473. Inhibition of autophagy by mTORC1 was shown to rescue disheveled (Dvl) leading to activation of Wnt pathway. Cyclin D1 and the c-Myc are activated by the Wnt signaling. Cyclin D1 is a key player in initiation of cell cycle. c-Myc triggers metabolic reprograming in G1 phase of cell cycle, which also activates the transcription factors like FoxO and p53 that play key roles in promoting the progression of cell cycle. While the role of p53 in cancer cell metabolism in arresting glycolysis and inhibition of pentose phosphate pathway has come to be recognized, there are confusions in the literature on the role of FoxO and that of rictor. FoxO was shown to be the transcription factor of rictor, in addition to the cell cycle inhibitors like p21. Rictor has dual roles; inhibition of c-Myc and constitution of mTORC2, both of which are key factors in the exit of G1-S phase and entry into G2 phase of cell cycle. A model is presented in this article, which suggests that the PI3K-Akt-mTOR and Wnt pathways converge and regulate the progression of cell cycle through G0-G1-S-phases and reprogram the metabolism in cancer cells. This model is different from the conventional method of looking at individual pathways triggering the cell cycle. © 2013 Vadlakonda, Pasupuleti and Pallu.

Umate P.,Kakatiya University
Plant Signaling and Behavior | Year: 2011

The enzymes called lipoxygenases (LoXs) can dioxygenate unsaturated fatty acids, which leads to lipoperoxidation of biological membranes. This process causes synthesis of signaling molecules and also leads to changes in cellular metabolism. LoXs are known to be involved in apoptotic (programmed cell death) pathway, and biotic and abiotic stress responses in plants. Here, the members of LoX gene family in arabidopsis and rice are identified. The arabidopsis and rice genomes encode 6 and 14 LoX proteins, respectively, and interestingly, with more LoX genes in rice. The rice LoXs are validated based on protein alignment studies. This is the first report wherein LoXs are identified in rice which may allow better understanding the initiation, progression and effects of apoptosis, and responses to bitoic and abiotic stresses and signaling cascades in plants. © 2011 Landes Bioscience.

Lipid bodies store oils in the form of triacylglycerols. Oleosin, caleosin and steroleosin are unique proteins localized on the surface of lipid bodies in seed plants. This study has identified genes encoding lipid body proteins oleosin, caleosin and steroleosin in the genomes of five plants: Arabidopsis thaliana, Oryza sativa, Populus trichocarpa, Selaginella moellendorffii and Physcomitrella patens. The protein sequence alignment indicated that each oleosin protein contains a highly-conserved proline knot motif, and proline knob motif is well conserved in steroleosin proteins, while caleosin proteins possess the Dx[D/N]xDG-containing calcium-binding motifs. The identification of motifs (proline knot and knob) and conserved amino acids at active site was further supported by the sequence logos. The phylogenetic analysis revealed the presence of magnoliophyte- and bryophyte-specific subgroups. We analyzed the public microarray data for expression of oleosin, caleosin and steroleosin in Arabidopsis and rice during the vegetative and reproductive stages, or under abiotic stresses. Our results indicated that genes encoding oleosin, caleosin and steroleosin proteins were expressed predominantly in plant seeds. This work may facilitate better understanding of the members of lipid-body-membrane proteins in diverse organisms and their gene expression in model plants Arabidopsis and rice. © 2012 Beijing Institute of Genomics, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Genetics Society of China.

Tangeda S.J.,Kakatiya University | Garlapati A.,Kakatiya University
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2010

New pyrrolo[2,3-d]Pyrimidines with heteroaryl substitution at 5th position through sulfur linker were synthesized incorporating putative pharmacophoric moieties like benzimidazole and benzothiazole as heteroaryl groups. Cytotoxic effect of all the compounds was carried out on HCT116 colon cancer cell lines. Compounds 6c and 6h with nitrobenzimidazole and pyrimidyl heterocycles attached at 5th position via sulfur were the most potent of all with IC50 values ≈17.6 μM. Among the four compounds tested for apoptosis induction activity, 6c induced apoptosis in a dose dependent manner. © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Bedada S.K.,Kakatiya University | Nearati P.,Kakatiya University
Phytotherapy Research | Year: 2015

The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of resveratrol (RSV) pretreatment on CYP3A4 enzyme activity and pharmacokinetics of carbamazepine (CBZ) in healthy human volunteers. The open-label, two period, sequential study was conducted in 12 healthy human volunteers. A single dose of RSV 500?mg was administered once daily for 10?days during treatment phase. A single dose of CBZ 200?mg was administered during control and after treatment phases under fasting conditions. The blood samples were collected after CBZ dosing at predetermined time intervals and analyzed by LC-MS/MS. In comparison with the control, RSV pretreatment significantly enhanced maximum plasma concentration (Cmax), area under the curve (AUC), and half life (t1/2) and significantly decreased apparent oral clearance (CL/F) and apparent volume of distribution (Vd/F), while there was no significant change observed in time to reach maximum concentration (tmax) and elimination rate constant (kel) of CBZ. Furthermore, RSV pretreatment significantly decreased metabolite to parent (CBZE/CBZ) ratios of Cmax and AUC and significantly increased CBZE/CBZ ratios of CL/F and Vd/F, indicating the reduced formation of CBZE to CBZ. The results suggest that the altered CYP3A4 enzyme activity and pharmacokinetics of CBZ might be attributed to RSV-mediated inhibition of CYP3A4 enzyme. Thus, there is a potential pharmacokinetic interaction between RSV and CBZ including other CYP3A4 substrates. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Veeresham C.,Kakatiya University | Rama Rao A.,Kakatiya University | Asres K.,Addis Ababa Institute of Technology
Phytotherapy Research | Year: 2014

Diabetic complications are attributed to hyperglycaemic condition which is in turn associated with the polyol pathway and advanced glycation end products. Aldose reductase (AR) is the principal enzyme of polyol pathway which plays a vital role in the development of diabetic complications. AR inhibitory activity can be screened by both in vitro and in vivo methods. In vitro assays for AR enzyme are further classified on the basis of the source of enzyme such as rat lens, rat kidney, cataracted human eye lens, bovine eyes and human recombinant AR enzymes, whereas the in vivo model is based on the determination of lens galactitol levels. A number of synthetic AR inhibitors (ARIs) including tolrestat and sorbinil have been developed, but all of these suffer from drawbacks such as poor permeation and safety issues. Therefore, pharmaceutical companies and many researchers have been carrying out research to find new, potent and safe ARIs from natural sources. Thus, many naturally occurring compounds have been reported to have AR inhibitory activity. The present review attempts to highlight phytochemicals and plant extracts with potential AR inhibitory activity. It also summarizes the classes of compounds which have proven AR inhibitory activity. Phytochemicals such as quercetin, kaempferol and ellagic acid are found to be the most promising ARIs. The exhaustive literature presented in this article clearly indicates the role of plant extracts and phytochemicals as potential ARIs. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Unni S.M.,CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory | Devulapally S.,Kakatiya University | Karjule N.,CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory | Kurungot S.,CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory
Journal of Materials Chemistry | Year: 2012

We report an efficient template-free synthetic route for the preparation of mesoporous nitrogen-doped graphene (NGE) containing a high weight percentage of pyrrolic nitrogen, good specific surface area and comparable electrochemical oxygen reduction activity as that of the state-of-the-art 40 wt% Pt/C catalyst. The desired coordination of nitrogen in the carbon framework of graphene has been conceived by a mutually assisted redox reaction between graphene oxide (GO) and pyrrole, followed by thermal treatment at elevated temperatures. NGE exhibits a high surface area of 528 m2 g-1 and a pore diameter of ∼3 to 7 nm. The heat treatment temperature plays a pivotal role in establishing the desired pyrrolic coordination of nitrogen in graphene for the electrochemical oxygen reduction reaction. The NGE sample obtained after heat treatment at 1000 °C (NGE-1000) has 53% pyrrolic nitrogen content compared to the similar samples prepared by treating at low temperatures. Most importantly, NGE-1000 has displayed a significantly low overpotential for oxygen reduction with the onset potential very closely matching that of the commercial 40 wt% Pt/C. It is noteworthy that the reaction involves the desired 4 electron transfer as observed in the case of the Pt based electrocatalysts, leading to a significantly high kinetic current density of 6 mA cm-2 at -0.2 V. Moreover, the fuel tolerance and durability under the electrochemical environment of the NGE catalyst is found to be superior to the Pt/C catalyst. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2012.

Ciddi V.,Kakatiya University | Dodda D.,Kakatiya University
Pharmacological Reports | Year: 2014

Background Various mechanisms with a complex integrating paradigm have been implicated in diabetic complications. The present study was aimed to evaluate the aldose reductase (AR) and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) inhibitory activity of resveratrol (RSV) and its potential in the treatment of diabetic complications such as cataract and nephropathy. Methods RSV was studied for its inhibitory activity against rat lens AR (RLAR) and rat kidney AR (RKAR) in vitro along with its ability to inhibit formation of AGEs. Anticataract activity of RSV was demonstrated using sugar induced lens opacity model in isolated cattle lens. Furthermore the involvement of RSV in streptozotocin-induced diabetic nephropathy was investigated by assessing the key markers of kidney function along with the formation of AGEs. The potent AR inhibitor, fidarestat was as a standard. Results RSV exhibited inhibitory activity against RLAR and RKAR with IC50 values of 4.99 μg/ml (21.9 μM) and 5.49 μg/ml (24.5 μM), respectively. It also showed a significant inhibition of AGEs formation in vitro. In sugar-induced lens opacity model, RSV displayed a significant protective effect preventing opacification and formation of polyols in cattle lens. RSV significantly improved glycaemic status and renal function in diabetic rats with a significant decrease in the formation of AGEs in the kidneys. Conclusions The results obtained in this study underline the potential of RSV as a possible therapeutic agent against long-term diabetic complications. © 2014 Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences.

Light-harvesting antenna system possesses an inherent property of photoprotection. The single-helix proteins found in cyanobacteria play role in photoprotection and/or pigment metabolism. The photoprotective functions are also manifested by the two- and four-helix proteins. The photoprotection mechanism evolved earlier to the mechanism of light-harvesting of the antenna complex. Here, the light-harvesting complex genes of photosystems I and II from Arabidopsis are enlisted, and almost similar set of genes are identified in rice. Also, the three-helix early light-inducible proteins (ELIPs), two-helix stress-enhanced proteins (SEPs), and one-helix high light-inducible proteins [one-helix proteins (OHPs)] are identified in rice. Interestingly, two independent genomic loci encoding PsbS protein are also identified with implications on additional mode of non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) mechanism in rice. A few additional LHC-related genes are also identified in rice (LOC_Os09g12540, LOC_Os02g03330). This is the first report of identification of light-harvesting complex genes and light-inducible genes in rice.

Umate P.,Kakatiya University
Plant signaling & behavior | Year: 2010

A broad range of peroxides generated in subcellular compartments, including chloroplasts, are detoxified with peroxidases which are called as peroxiredoxins (Prx). The Prx are ubiquitously distributed in all organisms including bacteria, fungi, animals, and also in cyanobacteria and plants. Recently, the Prx have emerged as new molecules in antioxidant defense in plants. Here, the members which belong to Prx gene family in Arabidopsis and rice are been identified. Overall, the Prx members constitute a small family with 10 and 11 genes in Arabidopsis and rice respectively. The prx genes of rice are assigned to their functional groups based on homology search against Arabidopsis protein database. Deciphering the Prx functions in rice will add novel information to the mechanism of antioxidant defense in plants. Further, the Prx also forms the part of redox signaling cascade. Here, the Prx family has been described for rice.

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