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Kahramanmaras, Turkey

Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University is a public university founded 1992 in Kahramanmaraş, Turkey. The university carries out its academic activities in the campus located in the Avsar Campus, Bahceli evler, Karacasu, The Faculty of Medicine and Aksu campuses. Karacasu campus has an area of 100 hectares and Avsar campus, which is still under construction, will have an area of 1,300 hectares. 266 hectares of this area have been nationalized up to now. There are totally 170 departments and programs in our university ; 45 departments including the second education program in 10 faculties and 12 in higher vocational schools, 93 programs in higher vocational schools, 17 departments in the Institute of Natural science, 9 departments in the Institute of Social science, 6 departments subordinated to the Rectorate. Wikipedia.

Toroglu S.,Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University
Journal of Environmental Biology | Year: 2011

Spices and herbs have been used for many years by different cultures. The aim of the present study is (1) to investigate in- vitro antimicrobial effects of different spices and herbs (5 species: Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary), Coriandrum sativum (coriander), Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. Brachycalyx P.H. Davis (White micromeria), Cumium cyminum (cumin), Mentha piperita (Peppermint) against different bacteria and fungi species, and (2) to discuss the in-vitro possible effects between the plants and antibiotics. The microorganisms used were Micrococcus luteus LA 2971, Bacillus megaterium NRS, Bacillus brevis FMC 3, Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 15753, Pseudomonas pyocyaneusDC 127, Mycobacterium smegmatis CCM 2067, Escherichia coli DM, Aeromonas hydrophila ATCC 7966, Yersinia enterocolitica AU 19, Staphylococcus aureus Cowan 1, Streptococcus faecalis DC 74 bacteria, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae WET 136, Kluvyeromyces fragilis DC 98 fungi in this study. The results indicated that essential oils of Rosmarinus officinalis, Coriandrum sativum L., Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. brachycalyx P.H. Davis, Cumium cyminum L., Mentha piperita L. were shown antimicrobial activity in the range of 7-60 mm 2 μl -1 inhibition zone to the microorganisms tested, using disc diffusion method. Standard antibiotic such as Gentamicin (10 μg), Cephalothin (30 μg), Ceftriaxone (10 μg), Nystatin (10 U) discs were used for comparison with the antimicrobial activities of essential oils of these plants. In addition, antibacterial activity of essential oils of these plants was researched by effects when it was used together with these standard antibiotics in vitro. However, antibacterial activity changed also by in vitro interactions between these standard antibiotics and essential oils of these plants. Synergic, additive or antagonist effects were observed in antibacterial activity. © 2011 Triveni Enterprises.

Ozbek A.,Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment | Year: 2014

This study was performed to investigate the changes in the physical and mechanical parameters of ignimbrites of different colors (black, red, yellow, gray) from Central Anatolia under the influence of wetting-drying and freezing-thawing cycles. For this purpose, 96 NX-size core samples were prepared. The unit weight, specific gravity, apparent porosity, water absorption by weight, slake durability index, uniaxial compressive strength, and P-wave velocity of each ignimbrite sample before conversion were determined. All of these parameters were then redetermined every 10 cycles (for a total of 50 cycles) for each sample. The changes in the values of the parameters after these set numbers of cycles were evaluated statistically. The petrographic and chemical compositions of the volcanic rocks influence their physical and mechanical properties, so some changes were also observed in the ignimbrite samples after these physical processes. Freezing and thawing cycles were observed to have an obvious impact on the physical and mechanical properties of the samples. The greatest changes were observed in black ignimbrite (with ferromagnesian minerals). © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Uysal Y.,Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University
Journal of Hazardous Materials | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to determine the ability of Lemna minor to remove Cr (VI) ions from wastewater in a continuous flow pond system. This system was used to simulate a wastewater treatment pond and a natural wetland as habitat of plants. In order to find optimal conditions for chromium removal, ponds were operated with aqueous solutions having different pH (4.0-7.0) and chromium concentration of 0.25mgCr+6/L, then plants were exposed to different chromium concentrations (0.25-5.0mgCr+6/L) at pH 4.0. Chromium concentrations, both in biomass and wastewater, were measured and removal efficiency was determined throughout water flow. Growth factors such as growth rates, chlorophyll contents and dry/fresh weight ratios of plants were also determined to measure toxic effects of chromium. The percentages of chromium uptake (PMU) and bioconcentration factors (BCF) were calculated for each run. The highest accumulated chromium concentration (4.423mgCr/g) was found in plants grown in the first chamber of pond operated at pH 4.0 and 5.0mgCr/L, while the minimum accumulated chromium concentration (0.122mgCr/g) was in plants grown in the last chamber of pond operated at pH 4.0 and 0.25mgCr+6/L. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Ozkan F.,Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University
Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of enthesopathy in familial Mediterranean fever by using a newly developed sonographic method, the Madrid Sonographic Enthesitis Index (MASEI). The study included 50 consecutive patients with familial Mediterranean fever and 57 healthy sex- and age-matched control participants. Six entheseal sites (olecranon tuberosity, superior and inferior poles of the patella, tibial tuberosity, and superior and inferior poles of the calcaneus) on both lower limbs were evaluated. All sonographic findings were identified according to MASEI. Validity was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curves. P < .05 was considered significant. Mean total enthesitis scores ± SD were 7.54 ± 4.99 for patients and 3.63 ± 3.03 for controls (P < .001). No statistically significant correlation was found between the MASEI score and familial Mediterranean fever duration or colchicine treatment duration. There was no difference between the MASEI score and the presence or absence of arthritic involvement among the patients. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.74 (95% confidence interval, 0.649-0.839). When analyzed by sex, men with familial Mediterranean fever had significantly higher MASEI scores than women (P < .05). This study showed significant enthesopathy in patients with familial Mediterranean fever. The findings support the hypothesis that familial Mediterranean fever and spondyloarthropathy may have common inflammatory mechanisms and suggest that the MASEI scoring system can be incorporated into clinical protocols for studying patients with familial Mediterranean fever in daily practice.

Sage R.F.,University of Toronto | Sage T.L.,University of Toronto | Kocacinar F.,Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University
Annual Review of Plant Biology | Year: 2012

C4 photosynthesis is one of the most convergent evolutionary phenomena in the biological world, with at least 66 independent origins. Evidence from these lineages consistently indicates that the C4 pathway is the end result of a series of evolutionary modifications to recover photorespired CO2 in environments where RuBisCO oxygenation is high. Phylogenetically ormed research indicates that the repositioning of mitochondria in the bundle sheath is one of the earliest steps in C4 evolution, as it may establish a single-celled mechanism to scavenge photorespired CO 2 produced in the bundle sheath cells. Elaboration of this mechanism leads to the two-celled photorespiratory concentration mechanism known as C2 photosynthesis (commonly observed in C3-C4 intermediate species) and then to C4 photosynthesis following the upregulation of a C 4 metabolic cycle. © 2012 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.

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