Kagoshima shi Medical Association Hospital

Kagoshima-shi, Japan

Kagoshima shi Medical Association Hospital

Kagoshima-shi, Japan

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Furukawa T.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Hatori T.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Fujita I.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Yamamoto M.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | And 13 more authors.
Gut | Year: 2011

Objective: The clinicopathological significance of four morphological types of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas (IPMNs; gastric, intestinal, pancreatobiliary and oncocytic) was assessed. Design: Retrospective multicentre analysis of 283 surgically resected IPMNs. Results: Of the 283 IPMNs, 139 were of the gastric type, 101 were intestinal, 19 were pancreatobiliary and 24 were oncocytic. These types were significantly associated with clinicopathological factors including sex (p=0.0032), age (p=0.00924), ectatic duct size (p=0.0245), detection of mural nodules (p=4.09×10 -6), histological grade (p<2.20×10 -16), macroscopic types with differential involvement of the pancreatic duct system (p=3.91×10 -5), invasive phenotypes (p=3.34×10 -12), stage (p<2.20×10 -16) and recurrence (p=0.00574). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed significant differences in patient survival by morphological type (p=5.24×10 -6). Survival rates at 5 and 10 years, respectively, were 0.937 (95% CI 0.892 to 0.984) for patients with gastric-type IPMNs; 0.886 (95% CI 0.813 to 0.965) and 0.685 (95% CI 0.553 to 0.849) for those with intestinal-type IPMNs; 0.839 (95% CI 0.684 to 1.000) and 0.734 (95% CI 0.526 to 1.000) for those with oncocytic-type IPMNs; and 0.520 (95% CI 0.298 to 0.909) and undetermined for those with pancreatobiliary-type IPMNs. Analysis by the Cox proportional hazards model comparing prognostic risks determined by stage and the morphological and macroscopic types indicated that staging was the most significant predictor of survival (p=3.68×10 -8) followed by the morphological type (p=0.0435). Furthermore, the morphological type remained a significant predictor in a subcohort of invasive cases (p=0.0089). Conclusion: In this multicentre retrospective analysis, the morphological type of IPMN appears to be an independent predictor of patient prognosis.


Kitazono I.,Kagoshima University | Higashi M.,Kagoshima University | Kitamoto S.,Kagoshima University | Yokoyama S.,Kagoshima University | And 8 more authors.
Pancreas | Year: 2013

Objectives: This study aimed to examine expression profile of MUC4 in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas (IPMN). Methods: We performed immunohistochemistry (IHC) of MUC4 in 142 IPMNs, with evaluation of the specificity of 2 anti-MUC4 monoclonal antibodies, 8G7 and 1G8, in cancer cell lines. Results: Monoclonal antibody 8G7 showed a clear immunoreactivity, whereas MAb 1G8 did not show any immunoreactivity, in the Western blotting and IHC for human pancreatic carcinoma cell lines expressing MUC4 messenger RNA. However, IHC signals detected by both monoclonal antibodies were observed in the tissue specimens. The expression rates of MUC4/8G7 detected by MAb 8G7 and MUC4/1G8 detected by MAb 1G8 in the intestinal-type IPMNs were significantly higher than those in the gastric-type IPMNs. In the intestinal-type IPMNs, MUC4/8G7 was expressed mainly in the cytoplasm of the neoplastic cells, whereas MUC4/1G8 was expressed mainly at the cell apexes. Even in the gastric-type IPMNs with rare MUC4 expression in the low-grade dysplasia, both MUC4 expression rates increased when dysplasia advanced. Conclusions: A significantly higher expression of MUC4 in intestinal-type IPMNs than in gastric-type IPMNs will be one of the biomarkers to discriminate between the intestinal-type IPMNs with high malignancy potential from gastric-type IPMNs with low malignancy potential. Copyright © 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Tamura Y.,Kagoshima University | Tamura Y.,Ohsumi Kanoya Hospital | Higashi M.,Kagoshima University | Kitamoto S.,Kagoshima University | And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

We have previously reported that MUC4 expression is a poor prognostic factor in various carcinomas. Our previous study also showed that MUC1 expression in gastric cancers, including the early and advanced stages is a poor prognostic factor. In the present study, the expression profiles of MUC4 and MUC1 were examined by immunohistochemistry (IHC) using two anti-MUC4 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs), 8G7 and 1G8, and anti-MUC1 MAb DF3 in 104 gastrectomy specimens of early gastric adenocarcinoma with submucosal invasion (pT1b2), including 197 histological subtype lesions. Before the IHC study of the human specimens, we evaluated the specificity of the two MAbs by Western blotting and IHC of two MUC4 mRNA expressing gastric cancer cell lines. MAb 8G7 reacted clearly, whereas MAb 1G8 did not show any reactivity, in either Western blotting or IHC. In the IHC of the gastric cancers, the expression rates of MUC4/8G7 detected by MAb 8G7, MUC4/1G8 detected by MAb 1G8 and MUC1/DF3 detected by MAb DF3 in well differentiated types (70%, 38/54; 67%, 36/54; 52%, 28/54) were significantly higher than those in poorly differentiated types (18%, 10/55; 36%, 20/55; 13%, 7/55) (P<0.0001; P = 0.0021; P<0.0001), respectively. The MUC4/8G7 expression was related with lymphatic invasion (r = 0.304, P = 0.033). On the other hand, the MUC4/1G8 expression was related with lymphatic invasion (r = 0.395, P = 0.001) and lymph node metastasis (r = 0.296, P = 0.045). The MUC1/DF3 expression was related with lymphatic invasion (r = 0.357, P = 0.032) and venous invasion (r = 0.377, P = 0.024). In conclusion, the expression of MUC4 as well as MUC1 in early gastric cancers is a useful marker to predict poor prognostic factors related with vessel invasion. © 2012 Tamura et al.


Yonezawa S.,Kagoshima University | Kitajima S.,Kagoshima University | Higashi M.,Kagoshima University | Osako M.,Kagoshima shi Medical Association Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Gastric Cancer | Year: 2012

Background Isolated cancer cells of non-solid type poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (por2) or signet-ring cell carcinoma (sig) are frequently seen in scirrhous gastric cancers with a very poor prognosis. These cells are often scattered in granulation tissue or desmoplastic fibrotic tissue and tend to be overlooked in routine pathological examination. We aimed to raise a novel antibody that can identify the isolated cancer cells easily. Methods Because the MUC1 cytoplasmic tail domain (CTD) has many biological roles including tumor progression and cell adhesion disturbance and is expected to be expressed in isolated cancer cells, we raised a novel monoclonal antibody (MAb) MUC1-014E against an intracellular nonrepeating 19-amino-acid sequence (RYVPPSSTDRSPYEKVSAG: N-1217-1235-C) of the MUC1 CTD, using a synthetic peptide including the 7-amino-acid epitope (STDRSPY: N-1223-1229-C). Results In the immunohistochemical staining of 107 gastrectomy specimens including 48 por2 and 31 sig lesions, the MAb MUC1-014E showed high rates of positive staining (≥5% of carcinoma cells stained) for por2 (100%) and sig (97%), and of the highest intensity staining (4, ≥75% of carcinoma cells stained) for por2 (100%) and sig (90%). In the 89 biopsy specimens including 82 por2 and 38 sig lesions, the MAb MUC1-014E showed high rates of positive staining for por2 (100%) and sig (100%) and of 4? staining for por2 (87%) and sig (84%). All the rates were significantly higher than those with cytokeratins (AE1/AE3 or CAM5.2). Conclusions The MAb MUC1-014E is very useful for accurate detection of isolated cancer cells in scirrhous gastric cancers. © The International Gastric Cancer Association and The Japanese Gastric Cancer Association 2011.


Higashi M.,Kagoshima University | Goto M.,Kagoshima University | Saitou M.,Kagoshima University | Shimizu T.,Kagoshima shi Medical Association Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences | Year: 2010

Background/purpose: Benign tumors and tumor-like conditions in the ampullary area are uncommon, and there are extremely rare cases of adenomyoma (AM) and adenomyomatous hyperplasia (AMH). Surgical treatment is necessary if these lesions cause biliary obstruction. In addition, the differential diagnosis of AM and AMH from carcinoma is often difficult by standard endoscopic biopsy and cytopathological analysis that may show differential findings, resulting in unnecessary surgeries sometimes being performed. Methods: Immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis of periampullary AM and AMH was performed. Results: For both types of lesions, epithelial glandular cells (EGCs) showed diffuse expression of MUC6 and focal expression of HIK1083, mainly in the inner region, and focal expression of MUC5AC, mainly at the surface. The EGCs showed no expression ofMUC1 orMUC4, both ofwhichwere identified asmalignant tumormarkers in our previous series of mucin expression studies in pancreatobiliary tumors. The expression of CK7, which was diffusely positive in normal periampullarymucosa, was decreased in the EGCs ofAMand AMH. Conclusions: A combined evaluation of IHC findings may be effective in the detection of AM and AMH, and also in distinguishing benign periampullary lesions, such as AMand AMH, from ampulla of Vater adenocarcinoma, thus avoiding excessive surgery. © Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery and Springer 2009.

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