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Hiramine Y.,Kagoshima Kouseiren Hospital.
Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology | Year: 2010

We conducted transhepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (TAI) was on 62 patients with highly advanced hepatocellular carcinoma without distant metastases and therapeutic outcome was compared with 18 who were untreated. TAI significantly prolonged the survival of the patients, and was the most important prognostic factor on multivariate analysis. The following 3 regimens for trans-arterial injection were compared: A, a combination of a bolus hepatic artery injection of 3 agents (cisplatin, mitomycin-C and epirubicin)+low dose 5-fluorouracil+cisplatin (FP); B, low-dose FP alone; and C, bolus intrahepatic artery injection of the above 3 agents combined without FP. Regimen A yielded in the most effective survival rate, with an efficacy rate of 41.6% and a CR of about 20%. These results indicate that TAI is an effective therapeutic modality, and the dose FP combined with a bolus intrahepatic arterial infusion may improve outcomes in advanced liver cancer.

Hamabe A.,Kagoshima University | Uto H.,Kagoshima University | Imamura Y.,Kagoshima Kouseiren Hospital. | Kusano K.,Kagoshima Kouseiren Medical Health Care Center | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2011

Background Metabolic syndrome, which includes obesity, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and hypertension, is a major risk factor for the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Cigarette smoking is a well-known risk factor for metabolic syndrome, but the epidemiological impact of cigarette smoking on development of NAFLD is unclear. Methods In this retrospective study, 2,029 subjects underwent a complete medical health checkup in 1998 and again in 2008. Those who were positive for hepatitis B surface antigen or hepatitis C virus antibody, or had an alcohol intake of >20 g/day as assessed by questionnaire, were excluded. Fatty liver was diagnosed by abdominal ultrasonography. Independent risk factors associated with the development of NAFLD were determined by multiple logistic regression analysis. Smoking status was expressed using the Brinkman index (BI), which was calculated as the number of cigarettes smoked per day multiplied by the number of years of smoking. Results Of 1,560 subjects without NAFLD in 1998, 266 (17.1%) were newly diagnosed with NAFLD in 2008. Multiple logistic analysis identified age [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 0.95, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.94-0.97], male sex (AOR 1.46, 95% CI 1.01-2.10), body mass index C25 (AOR 3.08, 95% CI 2.20-4.32), dyslipidemia (AOR 1.79, 95% CI 1.25-2.58) and cigarette smoking (AOR 1.91, 95% CI 1.34-2.72) as risk factors associated with the development of NAFLD. Smoking status at baseline was also associated with the development of NAFLD (BI 1-399: AOR 1.77, 95% CI 1.02-3.07, BI C400: AOR 2.04, 95% CI 1.37-3.03). Conclusion Cigarette smoking is an independent risk factor for onset of NAFLD.

Hiramine Y.,Kagoshima Kouseiren Hospital. | Hiramine Y.,Kagoshima University | Imamura Y.,Kagoshima Kouseiren Hospital. | Uto H.,Kagoshima University | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2011

Background: Alcohol is considered to be a major cause of fatty liver (FL). In contrast, however, recent investigations have suggested that moderate alcohol consumption is protective against FL. To clarify the role of alcohol consumption in FL development, we examined the association between drinking patterns and FL prevalence. Methods: We enrolled 9,886 male participants at regular medical health checks. Each subject's history of alcohol consumption was determined by questionnaire. The subjects were classified according to alcohol consumption as non-, light, moderate, and heavy drinkers (0, <20, 20-59, and ≥60 g/day, respectively). FL was defined by ultrasonography. Independent predictors of FL were determined by logistic regression analysis. Results: The prevalence of FL displayed a "U-shaped curve" across the categories of daily alcohol consumption (non-, 44.7%; light, 39.3%; moderate, 35.9%; heavy drinkers, 40.1%; P < 0.001). The prevalence of FL was associated positively with body mass index and other obesity-related diseases and inversely with alcohol consumption (light, odds ratio [OR] 0.71, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.59-0.86; moderate, OR 0.55, CI 0.45-0.67; heavy, OR 0.44, CI 0.32-0.62) as determined by multivariate analysis after adjusting for potential confounding variables. In addition, examination of drinking patterns (frequency and volume) revealed that the prevalence of FL was inversely associated with the frequency of alcohol consumption (≥21 days/month) (OR 0.62, CI 0.53-0.71) but not with the volume of alcohol consumed. Conclusions: Our observations suggest that alcohol consumption plays a protective role against FL in men, and consistent alcohol consumption may contribute to this favorable effect. © Springer 2010.

Hosoyamada K.,Kagoshima Kouseiren Hospital. | Uto H.,Kagoshima University | Imamura Y.,Kagoshima Kouseiren Hospital. | Hiramine Y.,Kagoshima Kouseiren Hospital. | And 9 more authors.
Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome | Year: 2012

Aims: Our study addressed potential associations between fatty liver and small, dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sd-LDL-C) levels using a cross-sectional analysis. Methods: We enrolled 476 male subjects. Serum sd-LDL-C concentrations were determined using precipitation assays. Results: Subjects were divided into four groups based on triglyceride (TG) and LDL-C levels: A, TG<150 mg/dl and LDL-C<140 mg/dl; B, TG<150 mg/dl and LDL-C ≥ 140 mg/dl; C, TG ≥ 150 mg/dl and LDL-C<140 mg/dl; and D, TG ≥150 mg/dl and LDL-C ≥ 140 mg/dl. sd-LDL-C levels and the prevalence of fatty liver were significantly higher in groups B, C, and D than in group A. Subjects were also categorized into four groups based on serum sd-LDL-C levels; the prevalence of fatty liver significantly increased with increasing sd-LDL-C levels. Additionally, logistic regression analysis revealed an independent association between sd-LDL-C concentrations and fatty liver using such potential confounders as obesity and hyperglycemia as variables independent of elevated TG or LDL-C levels. Conclusions: Fatty liver is a significant determinant of serum sd-LDL-C levels independent of the presence of obesity or hyperglycemia. Fatty liver may alter hepatic metabolism of TG and LDL-C, resulting in increased sd-LDL-C levels. © 2012 Hosoyamada et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Baba Y.,Kagoshima University | Hayashi S.,Kagoshima University | Ueno K.,Kagoshima University | Nakajo M.,Kagoshima University | And 7 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2010

The present study aimed to retrospectively compare the survival rates between patients treated with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and hepatic resection for solitary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). According to our database, derived from three affiliated hospitals, the inclusion criteria for this study were: solitary HCC [Child-Pugh class A and International Union Against Cancer (UICC) stage T1-3N0M0] treated between July 1990 and October 2001. Subsequently, hepatic resection (149 patients) as well as chemoembolization (102 patients) groups were selected. Following stratification according to tumor stage [UICC, Cancer of the Liver Italian Program (CLIP) and Milan criteria], survival rates were compared between the treatment groups. Survival rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Age, gender and size of the HCC did not differ significantly between the groups. Moreover, no significant difference in the survival rates (average hepatic resection, 58.9 months; average chemoembolization, 45 months; P=0.1697) was observed between the groups. In the subgroup analysis, according to tumor stage, the survival rate was significantly higher for the hepatic resection group than for the chemoembolization group in the UICC T3N0M0 (P=0.017) subgroup. However, no significant differences in survival rates were observed between the hepatic resection and chemoembolization groups for UICC T1 (P=0.7329), T2N0M0 (P=0.5741), CLIP0 (P=0.3593), CLIP1-2 (P=0.3287) and within (<5 cm; P=0.4429) and beyond Milan criteria (>5 cm; P=0.4003) subgroups. Chemoembolization is as effective ashepatic resection in treating solitary HCC in subpopulations with UICC T1-2N0M0 or CLIP 0-2 HCC or Milan criteria and adequate liver function. In the subgroup with UICC T3N0M0 HCC, hepatic resection is superior to chemoembolization.

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