Honda H.,Kagome Co. |
Yajima N.,Kagome Co. |
Saito T.,Tohoku University
Current Microbiology | Year: 2012
Unlike dairy lactic acid bacteria, Lactobacillus brevis cannot ferment milk. We characterized the lactose utilization by L. brevis KB290. In a carbohydrate fermentation assay using API 50 CHL, we showed during 7 days L. brevis did not ferment lactose. L. brevis grew to the stationary phase in 2 weeks in MRS broth containing lactose as the carbon source. L. brevis slowly consumed the lactose in the medium. L. brevis hydrolyzed lactose and a lactose analog, o-nitrophenyl-β-D-galactopyranoside (ONPGal). This β-galactosidase activity for ONPGal was not repressed by glucose, galactose, fructose, xylose, or maltose showing the microorganism may not have carbon catabolite repression. We purified the L. brevis β-galactosidase using ammonium sulfate precipitation and several chromatographies. The enzyme's molecular weight is estimated at 72 and 37 kDa using SDS-PAGE analysis. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the larger protein was 90 % similar to the sequence of the putative β-galactosidase (YP-796339) and the smaller protein was identical to the sequence of the putative β-galactosidase (YP-796338) in L. brevis ATCC367. This suggests the enzyme is a heterodimeric β-galactosidase. The specific activity of the purified enzyme for lactose is 55 U/mg. We speculate inhibition of lactose transport delays the lactose utilization in L. brevis KB290. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012.
Nakano T.,Japan National Agriculture and Food Research Organization |
Kimbara J.,Kagome Co. |
Fujisawa M.,Japan National Agriculture and Food Research Organization |
Kitagawa M.,Kagome Co. |
And 4 more authors.
Plant Physiology | Year: 2012
Abscission in plants is a crucial process used to shed organs such as leaves, flowers, and fruits when they are senescent, damaged, or mature. Abscission occurs at predetermined positions called abscission zones (AZs). Although the regulation of fruit abscission is essential for agriculture, the developmental mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we describe a novel transcription factor regulating the development of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) pedicel AZs. We found that the development of tomato pedicel AZs requires the gene MACROCALYX (MC), which was previously identified as a sepal size regulator and encodes a MADS-box transcription factor. MC has significant sequence similarity to Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) FRUITFULL, which is involved in the regulation of fruit dehiscent zone development. The MC protein interacted physically with another MADS-box protein, JOINTLESS, which is known as a regulator of fruit abscission; the resulting heterodimer acquired a specific DNA-binding activity. Transcriptome analyses of pedicels at the preabscission stage revealed that the expression of the genes involved in phytohormone-related functions, cell wall modifications, fatty acid metabolism, and transcription factors is regulated by MC and JOINTLESS. The regulated genes include homologs of Arabidopsis WUSCHEL, REGULATOR OF AXILLARY MERISTEMS, CUP-SHAPED COTYLEDON, and LATERAL SUPPRESSOR. These Arabidopsis genes encode well-characterized transcription factors regulating meristem maintenance, axillary meristem development, and boundary formation in plant tissues. The tomato homologs were specifically expressed in AZs but not in other pedicel tissues, suggesting that these transcription factors may play key roles in pedicel AZ development. © 2011 American Society of Plant Biologists. All Rights Reserved.
Fujisawa M.,Japan National Agriculture and Food Research Organization |
Shima Y.,Japan National Agriculture and Food Research Organization |
Nakagawa H.,Japan National Agriculture and Food Research Organization |
Kitagawa M.,Kagome Co. |
And 4 more authors.
Plant Cell | Year: 2014
The tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) MADS box FRUITFULL homologs FUL1 and FUL2 act as key ripening regulators and interact with the master regulator MADS box protein RIPENING INHIBITOR (RIN). Here, we report the large-scale identification of direct targets of FUL1 and FUL2 by transcriptome analysis of FUL1/FUL2 suppressed fruits and chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with microarray analysis (ChIP-chip) targeting tomato gene promoters. The ChIP-chip and transcriptome analysis identified FUL1/FUL2 target genes that contain at least one genomic region bound by FUL1 or FUL2 (regions that occur mainly in their promoters) and exhibit FUL1/FUL2-dependent expression during ripening. These analyses identified 860 direct FUL1 targets and 878 direct FUL2 targets; this set of genes includes both direct targets of RIN and nontargets of RIN. Functional classification of the FUL1/FUL2 targets revealed that these FUL homologs function in many biological processes via the regulation of ripeningrelated gene expression, both in cooperation with and independent of RIN. Our in vitro assay showed that the FUL homologs, RIN, and tomato AGAMOUS-LIKE1 form DNA binding complexes, suggesting that tetramer complexes of these MADS box proteins are mainly responsible for the regulation of ripening. © 2014 American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved.
Ushida Y.,Johns Hopkins University |
Ushida Y.,Kagome Co. |
Talalay P.,Johns Hopkins University
Alcohol and Alcoholism | Year: 2013
Aims: Many East Asians are highly intolerant to even modest alcohol consumption. These individuals accumulate acetaldehyde, the primary metabolite of ethanol, because of a genetic polymorphism of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) that metabolizes acetaldehyde to nontoxic acetate. The aim of these studies is to upregulate ALDH by dietary means, thereby reducing acetaldehyde toxicity. Methods: Sulforaphane [SF, 1-isothiocyano-4-(methylsulfinyl)butane] derived from its glucosinolate precursor contained in cruciferous vegetables and related inducers of the Keap1/Nrf2/ARE pathway were assessed for their potencies to induce ALDH in murine hepatoma Hepa1c1c7 cells. Inducer potencies for ALDH were compared with those for NQO1, a prototypical cytoprotective enzyme present downstream of the Keap1/Nrf2/ARE pathway. SF (5 or 20 μmol/day) was fed to CD-1 mice for 7 days prior to a single administration of ethanol, and then ALDH induction in organs and pharmacokinetics of acetaldehyde was examined. Results: In addition to SF, other electrophiles, including many Michael reaction acceptors, induce ALDH. Potencies of these agents as inducers parallel their activities in inducing NQO1, and are also dependent on Nrf2. In mice, in vivo, feeding of SF induced tissue ALDH and dramatically increased (doubled) the rate of elimination of acetaldehyde arising from the administration of ethanol. Conclusion: SF and other edible phytochemicals may ameliorate the alcohol intolerance of individuals who are polymorphic with respect to ALDH. © The Author 2013. Medical Council on Alcohol and Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.
Fukui Y.,Kagome Company Ltd
The British journal of nutrition | Year: 2013
Lactic acid bacteria confer a variety of health benefits. Here, we investigate the mechanisms by which Lactobacillus brevis KB290 (KB290) enhances cell-mediated cytotoxic activity. Female BALB/c mice aged 9 weeks were fed a diet containing KB290 (3 × 10(9) colony-forming units/g) or starch for 1 d. The resulting cytotoxic activity of splenocytes against YAC-1 cells was measured using flow cytometry and analysed for gene expression using DNA microarray technology. KB290 enhanced the cell-mediated cytotoxic activity of splenocytes. DNA microarray analysis identified 327 up-regulated and 347 down-regulated genes that characterised the KB290 diet group. The up-regulated genes were significantly enriched in Gene Ontology terms related to immunity, and, especially, a positive regulation of T-cell-mediated cytotoxicity existed among these terms. Almost all the genes included in the term encoded major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules involved in the presentation of antigen to CD8(+) cytotoxic T cells. Marco and Signr1 specific to marginal zone macrophages (MZM), antigen-presenting cells, were also up-regulated. Flow cytometric analysis confirmed that the proportion of MZM was significantly increased by KB290 ingestion. Additionally, the over-represented Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways among the up-regulated genes were those for natural killer (NK) cell-mediated cytotoxicity and antigen processing and presentation. The results for the selected genes associated with NK cells and CD8(+) cytotoxic T cells were confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR. These results suggest that enhanced cytotoxic activity could be caused by the activation of NK cells and/or of CD8(+) cytotoxic T cells stimulated via MHC class I presentation.
Yamaga F.,Hokkaido University |
Yamaga F.,Kagome Co. |
Washio K.,Hokkaido University |
Morikawa M.,Hokkaido University
Environmental Science and Technology | Year: 2010
Phenol-degrading bacteria were isolated from the rhizosphere of duckweed (Lemna aoukikusa) using an enrichment culture method. One of the isolates, P23, exhibited an excellent ability to degrade phenol and attach to a solid surface under laboratory conditions. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that P23 belongs to the genera Acinetobacter and has the highest similarity to Acinetobacter calcoaceticus. P23 rapidly colonized on the surface of sterilized duckweed roots and formed biofilms, indicating that the conditions provided by the root system of duckweed are favorable to P23. A long-term performance test (160 h) showed that continuous removal of phenol can be attributed to the beneficial symbiotic interaction between duckweed and P23. P23 is the first growth-promoting bacterium identified from Lemna aoukikusa. The results in this study suggest the potential usefulness of dominating a particular bacterium in the rhizosphere of duckweeds to achieve efficient and sustainable bioremediation of polluted water. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
Kagome Co. | Date: 2016-11-07
Barbecue sauce, chili sauce, hot chili pepper sauce, hot sauce, marinara sauce, pizza sauce, salsa, enchilada sauce, orange glaze, rib sauce.
Kagome Co. | Date: 2010-11-24
Disclosed are: dry tomatoes having excellent texture, flavor, and appearance, as well as being readily producible; and processed tomatoes suitable as a raw material for producing such dry tomatoes. Specifically disclosed are: a processed tomato wherein a portion of a cuticular layer, together with or without a portion of an epidermal tissue, has been removed; a dry tomato produced by drying the processed tomato; a method of producing a processed tomato comprising removing a portion of a cuticular layer, together with or without a portion of an epidermal tissue, by laser irradiation on a tomato surface; a method of producing a processed tomato comprising removing a portion of a cuticular layer of a tomato, the main body of which is not cut; a method of producing a processed tomato comprising removing a portion of an epidermal tissue together with a portion of a cuticular layer of a tomato, the main body of which is not cut, while preventing leakage of fruit juice to the surface; and a method of producing a dry tomato comprising producing a processed tomato by the preceding production method, and thereafter drying the processed tomato.
Kagome Co. | Date: 2010-02-17
The present invention relates to a Lactobacillus pentosus strain FERM BP-10958, a method for producing fermented food or drink with a fermentation process using the lactic acid bacteria, and fermented food or drink produced by fermentations using the lactic acid bacteria.
Kagome Co. | Date: 2010-02-03
The present invention relates to a method for producing a fermented food or drink product, including: adding a strain of lactic acid bacteria which belongs to Lactobacillus brevis to a medium containing 50% or more by mass of a vegetative raw material, and either 0.2 to 2.0% by mass of malic acid or 2.0 to 20.0% by mass of fructose, the medium having a pH of 5.0 to 7.0, and the content of the vegetative raw material being expressed by a content thereof in its natural state; and performing fermentation at least until the termination of a logarithmic growth phase of the strain of lactic acid bacteria, wherein an acid or a strain of lactic acid-producing bacteria is additionally added to the medium at any point in time from the initiation of the fermentation until the termination of the logarithmic growth phase, so as to perform the fermentation with a rate of pH reduction of the medium being 0.01 to 0.3 (1/hour) during a time from the initiation of the fermentation until the termination of the logarithmic growth phase, and with a pH of the medium being 3.3 to 4.6 at the time the fermentation is completed.