PubMed | Kagawa University, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University and Kagawa UniversityKagawa
Type: | Journal: Frontiers in plant science | Year: 2016
The present study investigates the regulatory role of exogenous calcium (Ca) in developing salt stress tolerance in rice seedlings. Hydroponically grown 13-day-old rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. BRRI dhan47) seedlings were exposed to 200 mM NaCl alone and combined with 2 mM CaCl2 and 2 mM ethylene glycol tetraacetic acid (EGTA, a Ca scavenger) for 3 days. The salt stress caused growth inhibition, chlorosis and water shortage in the rice seedlings. The salt-induced stress disrupted ion homeostasis through Na(+) influx and K(+) efflux, and decreased other mineral nutrient uptake. Salt stress caused oxidative stress in seedlings through lipid peroxidation, loss of plasma membrane integrity, higher reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and methylglyoxal (MG) formation. The salt-stressed seedlings supplemented with exogenous Ca recovered from water loss, chlorosis and growth inhibition. Calcium supplementation in the salt-stressed rice seedlings improved ion homeostasis by inhibition of Na(+) influx and K(+) leakage. Exogenous Ca also improved ROS and MG detoxification by improving the antioxidant defense and glyoxalase systems, respectively. On the other hand, applying EGTA along with salt and Ca again negatively affected the seedlings as EGTA negated Ca activity. It confirms that, the positive responses in salt-stressed rice seedlings to exogenous Ca were for Ca mediated improvement of ion homeostasis, antioxidant defense and glyoxalase system.
Itoh K.,Tokushima Bunri University |
Ishihara Y.,Hiroshima UniversityHiroshima |
Komori R.,Tokushima Bunri University |
Nochi H.,Tokushima Bunri University |
And 6 more authors.
Brain Research | Year: 2016
Our previous study showed that treatment with levetiracetam (LEV) after status epilepticus (SE) termination by diazepam might prevent the development of spontaneous recurrent seizures via the inhibition of neurotoxicity induced by brain edema events. In the present study, we determined the possible molecular and cellular mechanisms of LEV treatment after termination of SE. To assess the effect of LEV against the brain alterations after SE, we focused on blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction associated with angiogenesis and brain inflammation. The consecutive treatment of LEV inhibited the temporarily increased BBB leakage in the hippocampus two days after SE. At the same time point, the LEV treatment significantly inhibited the increase in the number of CD31-positive endothelial immature cells and in the expression of angiogenic factors. These findings suggested that the increase in neovascularization led to an increase in BBB permeability by SE-induced BBB failure, and these brain alterations were prevented by LEV treatment. Furthermore, in the acute phase of the latent period, pro-inflammatory responses for epileptogenic targets in microglia and astrocytes of the hippocampus activated, and these upregulations of pro-inflammatory-related molecules were inhibited by LEV treatment. These findings suggest that LEV is likely involved in neuroprotection via anti-angiogenesis and anti-inflammatory activities against BBB dysfunction in the acute phase of epileptogenesis after SE. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Kuboi T.,Shikoku Medical Center for Children and Adults |
Okazaki K.,Shikoku Medical Center for Children and Adults |
Kusaka T.,Kagawa UniversityKagawa |
Shimada A.,Tokushima University
Pediatrics International | Year: 2015
Congenital dacryocystocele is a relatively rare type of nasolacrimal duct obstruction that may induce respiratory distress during the early neonatal period. We encountered a case of bilateral congenital dacryocystoceles with intranasal cysts in a premature infant delivered at 34 weeks of gestation. The patient developed symptoms of respiratory failure immediately after birth, but no ophthalmologic symptoms. Treatment with nasal continuous positive airway pressure via a nasal mask, instead of a nasal prong, effectively relieved the symptoms. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are critical for infants with nasal obstruction. © 2015 Japan Pediatric Society.
Ozaki H.,Hiroshima University |
Katoh T.,Asahikawa University |
Nakagawa R.,Hiroshima University |
Ishihara Y.,Hiroshima University |
And 6 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2016
Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase phosphatase (CaMKP/PPM1F) is a Ser/Thr phosphatase that belongs to the PPM family. Growing evidence suggests that PPM phosphatases including CaMKP act as a complex with other proteins to regulate cellular functions. In this study, using the two-dimensional far-western blotting technique with digoxigenin-labeled CaMKP as a probe, in conjunction with peptide mass fingerprinting analysis, we identified neurofilament L (NFL) as a CaMKP-binding protein in a Triton-insoluble fraction of rat brain. We confirmed binding of fluorescein-labeled CaMKP (F-CaMKP) to NFL in solution by fluorescence polarization. The analysis showed that the dissociation constant of F-CaMKP for NFL is 73 ± 17 nM (n = 3). Co-immunoprecipitation assay using a cytosolic fraction of NGF-differentiated PC12 cells showed that endogenous CaMKP and NFL form a complex in cells. Furthermore, the effect of CaMKP on self-assembly of NFL was examined. Electron microscopy revealed that CaMKP markedly prevented NFL from forming large filamentous aggregates, suggesting that CaMKP-binding to NFL inhibits its filament association. These findings may provide new insights into a novel mechanism for regulating network formation of neurofilaments during neuronal differentiation. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.
Fujiwara S.,Kagawa UniversityKagawa |
Toyama Y.,Takamatsu Redcross HospitalKagawa |
Miyashita T.,Kagawa UniversityKagawa |
Osaki Y.,Osaka Medical Center And Research Institute For Maternal and Child Health |
And 4 more authors.
Auris Nasus Larynx | Year: 2016
Objective The aim of the study is to evaluate the usefulness of multislice computed tomography (MSCT) using multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) in obtaining preoperative information on the ossicular lesions of middle ear diseases by comparing the ossicular findings of MPR images with the operative findings. Methods Sixty-two ears and 10 ears with preoperative middle ear diseases underwent 4- and 64-detector row CT of the temporal bone in Kagawa University Hospital, respectively. MPR images of three ossicles were created at the planes parallel to the long axis of ossicles. Results The findings of the three ossicles in MPR images were compatible with their operative findings in approximately 91% of 72 ears with various middle ear diseases. There was no significant difference in the coincidence rate of both findings between 4- and 64-detector row CT scanners. The ears with no soft tissue shadows around the ossicles had the coincidence rate of 96–100% in each ossicular part, whereas the coincidence rate was lower in the ears with soft tissue shadows around the ossicles. Conclusion MPR imagings of the ossicles provide accurate preoperative information on the ossicular lesions in middle ear diseases. The 4-detector CT is still a useful device for imaging of the ossicles. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd
Fujihara S.,Kagawa UniversityKagawa |
Mori H.,Kagawa UniversityKagawa |
Kobara H.,Kagawa UniversityKagawa |
Nishiyama N.,Kagawa UniversityKagawa |
And 6 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2015
Clinically available targeted agents to treat advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) include sunitinib, sorafenib and temsirolimus. Sorafenib and sunitinib have been associated with bleeding in selected trials, but clinical and endoscopic characteristics of gastrointestinal bleeding are not well described. Herein, we report four cases of advanced RCC in which endoscopic hemostasis effectively resolved high-grade, life-threatening gastrointestinal bleeding that occurred during targeted therapy. Although stomatitis and mucositis have occurred during targeted therapies, life-threatening gastrointestinal bleeding is less common. In these four patients, the origins of gastrointestinal bleeding were identified, and complete endoscopic hemostasis was achieved. Endoscopies revealed variable characteristics including angiodysplasia, multiple gastric ulcers and oozing bleeding of the normal mucosa. Although the most effective diagnostic and treatment strategies are disputed, endoscopic examinations are best performed before starting targeted therapies. Additionally, these patients should be monitored even for rare life-threatening events. © 2015, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.
Hoque T.S.,Bangladesh Agricultural University |
Hossain M.A.,Bangladesh Agricultural University |
Mostofa M.G.,Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University |
Burritt D.J.,University of Otago |
And 2 more authors.
Frontiers in Plant Science | Year: 2016
The oxygenated short aldehyde methylglyoxal (MG) is produced in plants as a by- product of a number of metabolic reactions, including elimination of phosphate groups from glycolysis intermediates dihydroxyacetone phosphate and glyceraldehyde 3- phosphate. MG is mostly detoxified by the combined actions of the enzymes glyoxalase I and glyoxalase II that together with glutathione make up the glyoxalase system. Under normal growth conditions, basal levels of MG remain low in plants; however, when plants are exposed to abiotic stress, MG can accumulate to much higher levels. Stress-induced MG functions as a toxic molecule, inhibiting different developmental processes, including seed germination, photosynthesis and root growth, whereas MG, at low levels, acts as an important signaling molecule, involved in regulating diverse events, such as cell proliferation and survival, control of the redox status of cells, and many other aspects of general metabolism and cellular homeostases. MG can modulate plant stress responses by regulating stomatal opening and closure, the production of reactive oxygen species, cytosolic calcium ion concentrations, the activation of inward rectifying potassium channels and the expression of many stress-responsive genes. MG appears to play important roles in signal transduction by transmitting and amplifying cellular signals and functions that promote adaptation of plants growing under adverse environmental conditions. Thus, MG is now considered as a potential biochemical marker for plant abiotic stress tolerance, and is receiving considerable attention by the scientific community. In this review, we will summarize recent findings regarding MG metabolism in plants under abiotic stress, and evaluate the concept of MG signaling. In addition, we will demonstrate the importance of giving consideration to MG metabolism and the glyoxalase system, when investigating plant adaptation and responses to various environmental stresses. © 2016 Hoque, Hossain, Mostofa, Burritt, Fujita and Tran.
Wang Y.,Ocean University of China |
Wang J.,Ocean University of China |
Yanagita R.C.,Kagawa UniversityKagawa |
Liu C.,Ocean University of China |
And 4 more authors.
Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry | Year: 2014
Two similarly sulfated triterpene saponins from Pearsonothuria graeffei were prepared to investigate the anti-obesity effects of echinoside A (EA) and holothurin A (HA). The in vitro inhibitory activities of EA and HA toward pancreatic lipase were investigated, and two in vivo studies were performed: (i) Male Wistar rats were orally administered the lipid emulsion with or without a saponin (HA or EA). The serum's total triglyceride concentration was measured at various times. (ii) C57BL/6 mice were assigned to four groups, high fat (HF), EA (0.03%), HA (0.04%), and orlistat (0.01%), and the weight of adipose tissue and level of fatty acids excreted in the feces were determined. Both EA and HA repressed the pancreatic lipase activity and increased fatty acid excretion in the feces. Treatment with EA and HA significantly decreased the adipose tissue accumulation in mice. EA and HA manifested different inhibitory activities in vitro, but each of them dramatically inhibited lipid absorption in vivo and showed strong anti-obesity activity. © 2014 Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry.
Ashida Y.,Ehime University |
Yanagita R.C.,Kagawa UniversityKagawa |
Takahashi C.,Kagawa UniversityKagawa |
Kawanami Y.,Kagawa UniversityKagawa |
Irie K.,Kyoto University
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2016
Aplysiatoxin (ATX) is a naturally occurring tumor promoter isolated from a sea hare and cyanobacteria. ATX binds to, and activates, protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes and shows anti-proliferative activity against human cancer cell lines. Recently, ATX has attracted attention as a lead compound for the development of novel anticancer drugs. In order to predict the binding mode between ATX and protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ) C1B domain, we carried out molecular docking simulation, atomistic molecular dynamics simulation in phospholipid membrane environment, and structure–activity study on a simple acyclic analog of ATX. These studies provided the binding model where the carbonyl group at position 27, the hydroxyl group at position 30, and the phenolic hydroxyl group at position 20 of ATX were involved in intermolecular hydrogen bonding with the PKCδ C1B domain, which would be useful for the rational design of ATX derivatives as anticancer lead compounds. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
Tanaka N.,Kagawa UniversityKagawa |
Kinoshita H.,Kagawa UniversityKagawa |
Takakura A.,Kagawa UniversityKagawa |
Jamal M.,Kagawa UniversityKagawa |
And 5 more authors.
Legal Medicine | Year: 2016
We investigated gunshot wounds in two autopsy cases using energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX). Lead and copper were detected in the entrance wound of one case and lead, antimony, and copper were detected in that of the other case. In the exit wounds of both cases, lead, antimony, and copper were below detection limits. These findings indicate that the detection of metallic elements, such as lead, antimony, and copper, which are found in bullets, may be useful for differentiating entrance from exit wounds using EDX. © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd