Kagawa Nutrition University is a private university in Japan. The university has two campuses, one in Sakado, Saitama and the other in Komagome, Toshima, Tokyo. The Sakado campus contains all undergraduate and postgraduate courses. The Komagome campus houses the Evening Department, junior college, and vocational college. Wikipedia.
Trabecular bone score (TBS) predicts vertebral fractures in Japanese women over 10 years independently of bone density and prevalent vertebral deformity: The japanese population-based osteoporosis (JPOS) Cohort study
Iki M.,Kinki University |
Tamaki J.,Kinki University |
Kadowaki E.,Kinki University |
Sato Y.,Jin-ai University |
And 5 more authors.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Research | Year: 2014
Bone strength is predominantly determined by bone density, but bone microarchitecture also plays an important role. We examined whether trabecular bone score (TBS) predicts the risk of vertebral fractures in a Japanese female cohort. Of 1950 randomly selected women aged 15 to 79 years, we analyzed data from 665 women aged 50 years and older, who completed the baseline study and at least one follow-up survey over 10 years, and who had no conditions affecting bone metabolism. Each survey included spinal imaging by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for vertebral fracture assessment and spine areal bone mineral density (aBMD) measurement. TBS was obtained from spine DXA scans archived in the baseline study. Incident vertebral fracture was determined when vertebral height was reduced by 20% or more and satisfied McCloskey-Kanis criteria or Genant's grade 2 fracture at follow-up. Among eligible women (mean age 64.1 ± 8.1 years), 92 suffered incident vertebral fractures (16.7/103 person-years). These women were older with lower aBMD and TBS values relative to those without fractures. The unadjusted odds ratio of vertebral fractures for one standard deviation decrease in TBS was 1.98 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.56, 2.51) and remained significant (1.64, 95% CI 1.25, 2.15) after adjusting for aBMD. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of TBS and aBMD combined was 0.700 for vertebral fracture prediction and was not significantly greater than that of aBMD alone (0.673). However, reclassification improvement measures indicated that TBS and aBMD combined significantly improved risk prediction accuracy compared with aBMD alone. Further inclusion of age and prevalent vertebral deformity in the model improved vertebral fracture prediction, and TBS remained significant in the model. Thus, lower TBS was associated with higher risk of vertebral fracture over 10 years independently of aBMD and clinical risk factors including prevalent vertebral deformity. TBS could effectively improve fracture risk assessment in clinical settings. © 2014 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research. © 2014 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.
Shintaku H.,Osaka City University |
Ohwada M.,Kagawa Nutrition University
Brain and Development | Year: 2013
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) deficiency is a rare, congenital and lethal condition resulting in phenylalanine build-up that can lead to mental retardation and developmental defects, unless properly treated. About 1 million newborn infants in Japan undergo neonatal PKU screening every year, of which about 1 in 2 million are diagnosed with the condition. In this post-marketing surveillance study, 19 patients with BH4 deficiency in whom BH4 supplementation with sapropterin dihydrochloride (Biopten®) (hereafter referred to as 'BH4 therapy') was initiated before the age of 4years, were followed up for ≤28years. Patients who screened positive for BH4 deficiency were treated with supplemental BH4 plus L-dopa and 5-hydroxytryptophan. Data on the patients' clinical courses were collected once yearly at 10 medical centers in Japan. Seventeen patients were diagnosed with 6-pyruvoyl tetrahydropterin synthase deficiency and two with dihydropteridine reductase deficiency at an average age of 3.6months; the mean age at end of follow-up was 14.6years. Average duration of BH4 therapy (mean dose, 5mg/kg per day) was 13.2years. Serum phenylalanine was reduced from more than 10mg/dL at the start of drug administration to less than 2mg/dL at end of follow-up. No abnormalities in height or weight were observed in any patients, except for one female patient with familial obesity. No unwarranted side effects were reported throughout the long-term course of treatment, even during pregnancy. BH4 therapy can effectively maintain serum phenylalanine levels within the normal range in patients with BH4 deficiency, and demonstrated excellent long-term safety, with no side effects. © 2012 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology.
Kawabata T.,Kagawa Nutrition University
Nihon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene | Year: 2011
Previous data have indicated that the erythrocyte membrane may be the preferred sample type for assessing long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) contents in cardiac and cerebral membranes. In this epidemiological study, we examined whether plasma phospholipids can be used for accurate biological monitoring of the LCPUFA state or whether analysis of erythrocyte membrane phospholipids is indispensable. (1) The analysis of LCPUFA contents in erythrocyte membrane phospholipids was conducted at baseline and after 1 and 3 days at 4°C, and 21 days at -40°C, after blood drawing, and the changes in LCPUFA content were examined. (2) The LCPUFA compositions of plasma and erythrocyte phospholipids in 133 young women (18-30 years old) were examined and the relationships between the sample type and the levels of LCPUFAs were determined. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and DHA/arachidonic acid (AA) and (EPA+DHA)/AA ratios in erythrocyte membrane phospholipids after 21 days of blood drawing significantly decreased compared with the corresponding baseline data. Regarding AA, EPA and DHA, a significant positive correlation was shown between levels of erythrocyte membrane phospholipids and plasma phospholipids (AA, r=0.364; EPA, r=0.709; DHA, r=0.653). The predictive value of plasma phospholipids for determining the highest concentration quartile in erythrocyte phospholipids was better in EPA (70%) than in DHA (55%) and AA (42%). The measurement of LCPUFA content in erythrocyte membrane phospholipids is necessary for accurate biological monitoring. We also found that LCPUFA in erythrocyte membrane phospholipids is stable in cold storage (4°C) for 3 days after blood drawing.
Sanae M.,Kagawa Nutrition University |
Yasuo A.,Kagawa Nutrition University
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2013
Green asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) is known to be rich in functional components. In the present study, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were used to clarify whether green asparagus prevents hypertension by inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity. Six-week-old male SHR were fed a diet with (AD group) or without (ND group) 5% asparagus for 10 weeks. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) (AD: 159 ± 4.8 mmHg, ND: 192 ± 14.7 mmHg), urinary protein excretion/creatinine excretion, and ACE activity in the kidney were significantly lower in the AD group compared with the ND group. Creatinine clearance was significantly higher in the AD group compared with the ND group. In addition, ACE inhibitory activity was observed in a boiling water extract of asparagus. The ACE inhibitor purified and isolated from asparagus was identified as 2″-hydroxynicotianamine. In conclusion, 2″-hydroxynicotianamine in asparagus may be one of the factors inhibiting ACE activity in the kidney, thus preventing hypertension and preserving renal function. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Uenishi K.,Kagawa Nutrition University
Clinical calcium | Year: 2012
Diabetic patients are prone to fracture, even when their bone mineral density (BMD) is high, suggesting that BMD is not exclusive factor for bone health. Bone strength is determined by BMD and bone quality, the latter of which could influence fracture risk in diabetic patients. Calcium, vitamin D and vitamin K are essential for increasing and/or maintaining BMD. Vitamin B group and C, which contribute to maintain bone quality, are also important. Intake of these mineral and vitamins under controlling energy consumption plays a key role for bone health.
Kagawa Y.,Kagawa Nutrition University
Nutrition Reviews | Year: 2012
Biological clocks are classified into oscillatory (clock genes) and unidirectional hourglass clocks (telomeres). Clock genes align behavioral and biochemical processes with the day/night cycle. Telomeres, the repeated series of DNA sequences that cap the ends of chromosomes, become shorter during cell division. Shortened telomeres have been documented in various pathological states associated with aging. Human activity is driven by NADH and ATP produced from nutrients, and the resulting NAD and AMP play a predominant role in energy regulation. Caloric restriction increases both AMP and NAD and is known to extend the healthspan (healthy lifespan) of animals. Silent information regulator T1 (SIRT1), the NAD-dependent deacetylase, attenuates telomere shortening, while peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α), a master modulator of gene expression, is phosphorylated by AMP kinase and deacetylated by SIRT1. Thus, PGC-1α is a key component of the circadian oscillator that integrates the mammalian clock and energy metabolism. Reactive oxygen species produced in clock mutants result in telomere shortening. The circadian rhythms produced by clock genes and lifestyle factors are ultimately controlled by the human brain and drive homeostatic and hedonic feeding and daily activity. © 2012 International Life Sciences Institute.
Yamamoto S.,Kagawa Nutrition University
Clinical calcium | Year: 2010
About 60% of magnesium in human body is present in the skeleton. Various foods are containing magnesium. The major sources are foods of plant origin like grain, vegetable and pulse. EAR (estimated average requirement) and RDA (recommended dietary allowance) are set for age 1 year or over in Japan. There may be a large number of people who have inadequate intake of magnesium judging by the results of the national nutrition survey. Adequate intakes of magnesium and also other nutrients related bone health are desired.
Ishida H.,Kagawa Nutrition University
Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology | Year: 2015
School meal service programs are essential for children’s long-term nutrition and health promotion. The programs vary in content, depending on the economic condition, health condition and the food supply situation in each country. Children are encouraged to improve their nutrition, and choose healthy foods and learn good dietary habits through school meals and nutrition education. In Japan, the school lunch program started in 1889. The percentage of elementary schools serving school lunches had reached 99.2% in 2014, and the Nutrition Teacher system started in 2004. Nutrition teachers are to play the roles of teachers on food and nutrition education in addition to managers of foodservice operations in schools. Nutrition teachers are expected to have effects on school nutrition programs by providing meal service together with nutrition education. And so, significant effort is needed from both academia and the field to raise the related nutritional issues. © 2015, Center for Academic Publications Japan. All rights reserved.
Kagawa Y.,Jichi Medical School |
Kagawa Y.,Kagawa Nutrition University
Proceedings of the Japan Academy Series B: Physical and Biological Sciences | Year: 2010
ATP synthase (FoF1) consists of an ATP-driven motor (F1) and a H+-driven motor (Fo), which rotate in opposite directions. FoF1 reconstituted into a lipid membrane is capable of ATP synthesis driven by H+ flux. As the basic structures of F1 (α3β3γδε) and Fo (ab2c10) are ubiquitous, stable thermophilic FoF1 (TFoF1) has been used to elucidate molecular mechanisms, while human F1Fo (HF1Fo) has been used to study biomedical significance. Among F1s, only thermophilic F1 (TF1) can be analyzed simultaneously by reconstitution, crystallography, mutagenesis and nanotechnology for torque-driven ATP synthesis using elastic coupling mechanisms. In contrast to the single operon of TFoF1, HFoF1 is encoded by both nuclear DNA with introns and mitochondrial DNA. The regulatory mechanism, tissue specificity and physiopathology of HFoF1 were elucidated by proteomics, RNA interference, cytoplasts and transgenic mice. The ATP synthesized daily by HFoF1 is in the order of tens of kilograms, and is primarily controlled by the brain in response to fluctuations in activity. © 2010 The Japan Academy.
Ueda S.,Kagawa Nutrition University |
Kuwabara Y.,Kagawa Nutrition University
Biocontrol Science | Year: 2010
The VIDAS Listeria monocytogenes II (LMO2) method, which is an automated enzyme-linked fluorescent immunoassay (ELFA), was used for rapidly, specifically and sensitively detecting L. monocytogenes in food samples. All 31 L. monocytogenes strains examined gave positive results. The other bacterial species except Salmonella showed completely negative results, but it was suspected that Salmonella spp. had given a false-positive reaction to the assay. As the detectable limit of the assay was 105 cfu/ml in a food suspension, food samples were required to be enriched in order to increase the number of the bacteria to the detectable limit. However, the ELFA was reconfirmed to be applied satisfactorily as a rapid and precise method for the detection of L. monocytogenes in various food samples, even if the culture had to be enriched for 12 h prior to the assay.