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Kafr ash Shaykh, Egypt

Kafrelsheikh University is an Egyptian university established in 2006, located at Kafr Elsheikh, in the middle of the Nile Delta.The University has a number of faculties such as: Engineering, medicine, physiotherapy and nursing, pharmacy, veterinary medicine, science, education, agriculture, arts, specific education, commerce, physical education. Wikipedia.

The adsorption mechanism and inhibition performance of some Azo-azomethine derivatives [2-hydroxyphenylazo-2′,4′-dihydroxy-3′- formylbenzene(Azo-1), 2-carboxyphenylazo-2′,4′-dihydroxy-3′- formylbenzene (Azo-II), 2-hydroxyphenylazo-2′,4′-dihydroxy-3′- {2-hydroxyphenylazomethine}(Azo-I-azomethine I) and 2-carboxyphenylazo-2′, 4′-dihydroxy-3′-{2-hydroxyazo methane} (Azo-II-azomethine II) on mild steel at temperatures ranging from 298 K to 333 K have been studied using molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and quantum chemical computational methods. The results obtained revealed that these molecules could effectively adsorb on Fe (0 0 1) surface and the active adsorption sites of these molecules are the nitrogen, oxygen atoms and special negatively charged carbon atoms. All the inhibitors studied had unique corrosion inhibition performance with Azo-II-azomethine II showing the highest inhibition performance at lower temperature ranges from 298 K to 313 K and Azo-II displaying the highest inhibition performance at higher temperature ranges of 323 K and 333 K. Some quantum chemical parameters and the Mulliken charge densities on the optimized structure of inhibitors were calculated using the 6-31â-G basis set method to provide further insight into the mechanism of the corrosion inhibition process. The local reactivity was analyzed through the Fukui function and condensed softness indices in order to know the possible sites of nucleophillic and electrophillic attacks. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Ramadan A.E.-M.M.,Kafr El Sheikh University
Journal of Molecular Structure | Year: 2012

A new series of nickel(II) complexes with the tetraaza macrocyclic ligand have been synthesized as possible functional models for nickel-superoxide dismutase enzyme. The reaction of 5-amino-3-methyl-1-phenylpyrazole-4- carbaldehyde (AMPC) with itself in the presence of nickel(II) ion yields, the new macrocyclic cationic complex, [NiL(NO 3) 2], containing a ligand composed of the self-condensed AMPC (4 mol) bound to a single nickel(II) ion. A series of metathetical reactions have led to the isolation of a number of newly complexes of the types [NiL]X 2; X = ClO 4 and BF 4, [NiLX 2], X = Cl and Br (Scheme 1). Structures and characterizations of these complexes were achieved by several physicochemical methods namely, elemental analysis, magnetic moment, conductivity, and spectral (IR and UV-Vis) measurements. The electrochemical properties and thermal behaviors of these chelates were investigated by using cyclic voltammetry and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA and DTG) techniques. A distorted octahedral stereochemistry has been proposed for the six-coordinate nitrato, and halogeno complexes. For the four-coordinate, perchlorate and fluoroborate, complex species a square-planar geometry is proposed. The measured superoxide dismutase mimetic activities of the complexes indicated that they are potent NiSOD mimics and their activities are compared with those obtained previously for nickel(II) complexes. The probable mechanistic implications of the catalytic dismutation of O2- by the synthesized nickel(II) complexes are discussed. The DNA-binding properties of representative complexes [NiLCl 2] and [NiL](PF 4) 2 have been investigated by the electronic absorption and fluorescence measurements. The results obtained suggest that these complexes bind to DNA via an intercalation binding mode and the binding affinity for DNA follows the order: [NiLCl 2] □ [NiL](PF 4) 2. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Khalafalla R.E.,Kafr El Sheikh University
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011

A survey study on gastrointestinal parasites in 113 faecal samples from stray cats collected randomly from Kafrelsheikh province, northern region of Nile delta of Egypt; was conducted in the period between January and May 2010. The overall prevalence was 91%. The results of this study reported seven helminth species: Toxocara cati (9%), Ancylostoma tubaeforme (4%), Toxascaris leonina (5%), Dipylidium caninum (5%), Capillaria spp. (3%), Taenia taeniformis (22%) and Heterophyes heterophyes (3%), four protozoal species: Toxoplasma gondii (9%), Sarcocyst spp. (1%), Isospora spp. (2%) and Giardia spp. (2%) and two arthropod species; Linguatula serrata (2%) and mites eggs (13%). The overall prevalence of intestinal parasites may continue to rise due to lack of functional veterinary clinics for cat care in Egypt. Therefore, there is a need to plan adequate control programs to diagnose, treat and control gastrointestinal parasites of companion as well as stray cats in the region. © 2011 Reda E. Khalafalla.

In the present study, the free vibration, mechanical buckling and thermal buckling analyses of multi-layered graphene sheets (MLGSs) are investigated. Eringen's nonlocal elasticity equations are incorporated in new two-variable plate theories accounting for small-scale effects. The MLGSs are taken to be perfectly bonded to the surrounding medium. The governing differential equations of this model are solved analytically under various boundary conditions and taking into account the effect of van der Waals forces between adjacent layers. New functions for the displacements are proposed here to satisfy the different boundary conditions. Comparison of the results with those being in the open literature is made. This comparison illustrates that the present scheme yields very accurate results. Furthermore, the influences of nonlocal coefficient, moduli of the surrounding elastic medium and aspect ratio on the frequencies and buckling of the embedded MLGSs are examined. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Wien.

This paper deals with the vibration and buckling behavior of exponentially graded material (EGM) sandwich plate resting on elastic foundations under various boundary conditions. New functions for midplane displacements are suggested to satisfy the different boundary conditions. The elastic foundation is modeled as Pasternak's type which can be either isotropic or orthotropic and as a special case it converges to Winkler's foundation if the shear layer is neglected. The present EGM sandwich plate is assumed to be made of a fully ceramic core layer sandwiched by metal/ceramic EGM coat. The governing equations of the dynamic response of non-homogeneous composite plates are deduced by using various shear deformation plate theories. Numerical results for the natural frequencies and critical buckling loads of several types of symmetric EGM sandwich plates are presented. The validity of the present solution is demonstrated by comparison with solutions available in the literature. The influences of the inhomogeneity parameter, aspect ratio, thickness ratio and the foundation parameters on the natural frequencies and critical buckling loads are investigated. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

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