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Zou F.,South China Institute of Endangered Animals | Zou F.,Sun Yat Sen University | Chen G.,Sun Yat Sen University | Yang Q.,South China Institute of Endangered Animals | Fellowes J.R.,Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden
Ibis | Year: 2011

A total of 134 bird species were recorded at Jianfengling, Hainan Island, in China from May 2000 to September 2004, of which 44 participated in one or more of 134 mixed-species flocks. These flocks averaged 3.8±0.2 species and 20.3±1.2 individuals. Flocking propensity in a given species ranged from 1.5 to 100%. For flocking species, frequency of flocking and number of individuals in flocks was positively correlated with frequency and number in point counts. Among all species pairs with flocking frequency above 5%, cluster and correlation analysis indicated there were two principal groups of flocking birds - canopy species and understorey species: associations were positive within a group, but negative between groups. Canopy birds had a higher flocking propensity than understorey birds. They also made significantly less use of inner branches and trunks and greater use of middle branches, and foraged at a significantly greater height when in mixed-species flocks than when solitary. For understorey bird species, there were no significant differences in foraging locations between solitary and mixed-species flocks. Higher flocking frequency occurred in the wet season for canopy birds, but in the dry season for understorey birds. Overall patterns were consistent with the explanation that flocking enables an expansion of foraging niche by reducing the risk of predation. © 2011 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2011 British Ornithologists' Union. Source


Gale S.W.,Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden | Suddee S.,Forest Herbarium | Watthana S.,Queen Sirikit Botanic Garden
Kew Bulletin | Year: 2013

Summary: A new one-flowered species of Nervilia is described and illustrated from plants collected in Nakhon Ratchasima Province, eastern Thailand. The glabrous, angular leaf of Nervilia khaoyaica Suddee, Watthana & S. W. Gale affiliates it to the taxonomically difficult and widespread Nervilia adolphi-punctata species alliance of Section Linervia, but it is otherwise readily distinguished by its broad, oblong-obovate lip with a saccate base and obscure, rounded side lobes below the middle, and by the striking colouration of the disk. © 2013 The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Source


Smidt E.C.,State University of Feira de Santana | Borba E.L.,Federal University of ABC | Gravendeel B.,Leiden University | Fischer G.A.,Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden | van den Berg C.,State University of Feira de Santana
Taxon | Year: 2011

The systematic utility of sequences from two non-coding regions of plastid DNA, psbA-trnH and trnS-trnG, and one nuclear region, nrITS, was examined in an assessment of phylogenetic relationships among Neotropical sections of Bulbophyllum Thouars (Orchidaceae, Epidendroideae, Dendrobieae). The nrITS region was 6 to 7 times more variable than the two cpDNA regions. No major incongruencies between the nuclear and cpDNA datasets were detected. The combined analysis revealed a well-resolved phylogeny at sectional level based on both maximum parsimony and Bayesian approaches. Six sections of Bulbophyllum are recognized for the Neotropics. Five of these were pre-existent but needed to be recircumscribed and one is proposed as new. We did not find disagreements between maximum parsimony and Bayesian analyses, but the latter showed better resolved relationships between the sections, which are supported by morphological features. Of the two main clades of Neotropical Bulbophyllum species, one has two lineages and occurs predominantly north of the Equator. The second contains four lineages which are highly diverse in southeastern Brazil. Our results suggest a single colonization event in the Neotropics, from Africa to northern South America, followed by dispersion through the Andes to southeastern Brazil. Source


Yang L.,Nankai University | Li H.,Nankai University | Kendrick R.C.,Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden
ZooKeys | Year: 2012

The taxonomic study of the genus Thisizima Walker, 1864 is carried out in China. Thisizima subceratella sp. n. and T. fasciaria sp. n. are described as new based on the specimens collected in Fujian, Hainan and Hong Kong. Detailed male and female genitalia are described for the first time for the genus. Photographs of adults and genital structures are provided. A checklist of all the described species is included. © Linlin Yang et al. Source


News Article
Site: http://www.reuters.com

Hunted for food, traditional medicine and the pet trade, primate populations in Asia, particularly China, are under pressure. "I think it's going to be a very lucky year for all of us who care about monkeys, apes, primates and animals in general but particularly the primates," Goodall said in a video. "And I hope that it will be a year where we can really draw attention to the wonderful monkeys and apes of China and the rest of Asia because they badly need our help, we really need to step up conservation. And what better time to do it than the Year of the Monkey." In Hong Kong, Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden wants to spread the message of conservation, while Ocean Park is aiming to educate the public about endangered wildlife.

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