Istanbul, Turkey

Kadir Has University
Istanbul, Turkey

Kadir Has University or as mostly preferred by its students , was founded in 1997, in Istanbul. A private university, it has seven faculties, Engineering, science and Humanities, Economics and Administrative science, Communication, Law and Fine Arts, as well as its several vocational schools, and is dedicated to becoming a leader in educational and cultural fields in Turkey, as well as establishing itself as an international center for research and scientific development. Prof. Mustafa Aydın is the rector of the university. Wikipedia.

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Kadir Has University | Date: 2015-12-25

A system and method are provided for communication between vehicles within a platoon of vehicles. In one embodiment, each vehicle is equipped with forward and backward directed optical emitters and receivers in operable communication with a controller. In an initialization phase, each vehicle determines its position within the platoon and the identification of all vehicles of the platoon. In a data transmission phase, each vehicle takes part in a token-based data transmission.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.82M | Year: 2013

Dopamine neurons play a central role in major illnesses, such as anxiety and mood disorders, schizophrenia, autism-spectrum disorders, Parkinsons disease, epilepsy, and dementia. A multidisciplinary approach must be taken by European researchers to discover the molecular basis of dopamine neurodegeneration and how new technologies will lead to repair and regeneration of neuronal systems in the brain. The TINTIN proposal describes how early stage researchers (ESRs) and experienced researchers (ERs) will undertake advanced research training projects on metabolism and autophagy in neurons, induced pluripotent stem cells and neurorepair systems. Parallel research projects will involve computational modelling of metabolism in the dopamine neuron and the in silico design of novel therapeutics that are selectively transported into the dopamine neuron. This fundamental training and research will be merged with new cutting edge glycan based biomarker technologies, drug simulation and computational/mathematical models of dopaminergic neurons. TINTIN will train young researchers by merging key research groups in 7 Universities and 8 industry/SME partners from Western Europe (Ireland, UK) across central and Southern Europe (Denmark, Germany, Austria, Italy, Spain) and Eastern Europe (Turkey). The secondments of ESRs and ERs into and out of 8 commercial partners in the area of glycan discovery and drug design will ensure that researchers receive intensive training in emerging research areas in neurotherapeutic development as well as key information in how to commercialize such innovation and discovery. The breadth of the aims, techniques and knowledge of TINTIN, the academic basis, the integrating of ESRs and ERs into industry, the potential for transfer to the European pharmaceutical industry, and enrichment of scientific training across Europe all fit the ITN model.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: GERI-4-2015 | Award Amount: 2.28M | Year: 2016

Increasing the participation of women in research, and promoting gender equality, is vital in strengthening the competitiveness of European research. A greater involvement of women in research will contribute not only to an increased number of skilled researchers in our institutions, but will also add a different perspective to research programmes, promote diversity, improve descion-making and contribute to enhanced creativity and innovation. This view informs the focus of this high-level consortium, who wish to work together to introduce and develop gender-sensitive organisational cultures and practices in our respective universities, thus effecting a sustainable and systemic structural change in how our institutions function. The ultimate objective of the structural change process is to work towards improved decision-making and enhanced research capacity by: incorporating gender-sensitive practices, processes and procedures in research, and; developing balanced representation of both women and men in institutional decision-making. Through the design and implementation of Gender Equality Plans, SAGE partner institutions will uncover, assess, and address the barriers to equal participation of women and men in research and decision making. SAGE is designed using the concepts and methodology of structural change to deliver a more equitable research landscape. The composition of the consortium will allow for transfer of learning, thus increasing the efficacy of Gender Equality Plans and their capacity to deliver greater gender balance and gender awareness in research and decision making.

Alkan F.,Kadir Has University | Erten C.,Kadir Has University
Bioinformatics | Year: 2014

Motivation: Global many-to-many alignment of biological networks has been a central problem in comparative biological network studies. Given a set of biological interaction networks, the informal goal is to group together related nodes. For the case of protein-protein interaction networks, such groups are expected to form clusters of functionally orthologous proteins. Construction of such clusters for networks from different species may prove useful in determining evolutionary relationships, in predicting the functions of proteins with unknown functions and in verifying those with estimated functions.Results: A central informal objective in constructing clusters of orthologous proteins is to guarantee that each cluster is composed of members with high homological similarity, usually determined via sequence similarities, and that the interactions of the proteins involved in the same cluster are conserved across the input networks. We provide a formal definition of the global many-to-many alignment of multiple protein-protein interaction networks that captures this informal objective. We show the computational intractability of the suggested definition. We provide a heuristic method based on backbone extraction and merge strategy (BEAMS) for the problem. We finally show, through experiments based on biological significance tests, that the proposed BEAMS algorithm performs better than the state-of-the-art approaches. Furthermore, the computational burden of the BEAMS algorithm in terms of execution speed and memory requirements is more reasonable than the competing algorithms.Availability and implementation: Supplementary material including code implementations in LEDA C++, experimental data and the results are available at tr/∼cesim/BEAMS.tar.gz.Contacts: Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. © 2013 The Author.

Yucekaya A.,Kadir Has University
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2013

A Compressed Air Energy Storage System is a means of storing energy which can then be used when the demand for energy increases. In this system, air is compressed in a cavern when power prices are low, and this air is used to run a natural gas-fired turbine to generate power when prices go up, with the aim of profiting from the price difference. This type of system can independently compress air, generate electricity, or do both. However, the prices of electricity and natural gas fluctuate, which directly impacts the amount of revenue that can be made, and this requires the calculating of estimates to optimize operation strategies and maximize profit. For these reasons, this is a crucial energy storage technology that requires economic analyses to justify investment decisions in power markets. In this paper, a mixed integer programming method is developed to schedule the operation of the system for forward market prices that are estimated using a markov-based probabilistic model. Then an algorithm that includes two separate modules in a simulation is employed to optimize the annual operation of the system. The paper presents a case study for Turkey as well as economic analyses based on probabilistic forward prices and the profits obtained from the optimization module. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Aladag A.E.,Bogazici University | Erten C.,Kadir Has University
Bioinformatics | Year: 2013

Motivation: Given protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks of a pair of species, a pairwise global alignment corresponds to a one-to-one mapping between their proteins. Based on the presupposition that such a mapping provides pairs of functionally orthologous proteins accurately, the results of the alignment may then be used in comparative systems biology problems such as function prediction/verification or construction of evolutionary relationships.Results: We show that the problem is NP-hard even for the case where the pair of networks are simply paths. We next provide a polynomial time heuristic algorithm, SPINAL, which consists of two main phases. In the first coarse-grained alignment phase, we construct all pairwise initial similarity scores based on pairwise local neighborhood matchings. Using the produced similarity scores, the fine-grained alignment phase produces the final one-to-one mapping by iteratively growing a locally improved solution subset. Both phases make use of the construction of neighborhood bipartite graphs and the contributors as a common primitive. We assess the performance of our algorithm on the PPI networks of yeast, fly, human and worm. We show that based on the accuracy measures used in relevant work, our method outperforms the state-of-the-art algorithms. Furthermore, our algorithm does not suffer from scalability issues, as such accurate results are achieved in reasonable running times as compared with the benchmark algorithms. © 2013 The Author. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRG | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2009-RG | Award Amount: 75.00K | Year: 2011

Edge searching is a pursuit evasion game played on graphs. In the past two decades there has been fundamental work devoted to this topic by scientists in many diverse fields due to its highly interdisciplinary nature. We consider the problem of constructing a search plan in order to find a person lost in a system of caves which can be represented as a graph G. Equivalently, we aim to clean a network of tunnels filled with noxious gas using as few cleaners as possible. This minimum number for a graph G is the edge search number of G, and it is denoted as s(G). The problem has wide range of applications from network security to VLSI chip design. One of the major problems of edge searching is to characterize the graphs G such that s(G) is at most k, for a fixed positive integer k. This problem is solved only for k=1, 2 and 3 (Megiddo et. al. 1976). The problem has been considered as an open problem that has high priority. In this project our objective is to characterize those graphs for which k=4 searchers suffice and to generalize this characterization to any k>4. Our main contribution will be deriving a constructive characterization which works more efficient than the previous results. During the project we aim to improve the existing European interest on the subject and to start new discussions.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IRSES | Award Amount: 172.20K | Year: 2013

The Inter-Continental Exchange of Leadership in Conflict Transformation (ICELCT) project aims to enhance inter-continental understanding and knowledge of what role leadership plays in conflict transformation, a comprehensive term covering conflict resolution and peacebuilding. The programme objectives are: 1. To comparatively and critically analyse different strategies and experiences on the role of leadership in conflict transformation from a regional and inter-continental perspective. 2. To examine the role of regional actors and hegemons in contributing to security and stability and conflict prevention and transformation. 3. To share lessons learned and good practice on conflict transformation research between three key countries in different continents. 4. To develop networks of expertise on conflict transformation from an inter-cultrual perspective through workshops, conferences and other networking activities. 5.To provide opportunities for research on cutting-edge issues in conflict transformation for early stage researchers. 6. To analyse potential developments and needs for future conflict resolution efforts and non-traditional transformational approaches to conflict. This will be done through collaboration of joint research and capacity building activities by the three participating Universities of Coventry, UK (COVUNI), Kadir Has (KHU) in Turkey and Stellenbosch in South Africa (SUSA). The ICELCT scheme will provide a staff exchange programme to study contemporary knowledge and innovations on the role of leadership in conflict transformation research and develop the state of the art thinking on these topics. The researchers from KHU and COVUNI will be able to undertake their field work in South Africa with the support and supervision of staff from the SUSA. Meanwhile, researchers from SUSA will be able to use information resources in Istanbul and Coventry, as well as undertaking empirical research in both contexts.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IRSES | Award Amount: 159.60K | Year: 2012

The Perspectives of Conflict Transformation from the Middle East and Europe project aims to enhance understanding and knowledge of conflict transformation through collaborative research and capacity building activities among the Universities of Coventry (CPRS), Kadir Has (KHU) in Istanbul and the Arab American University in Jenin (AAUJ). The objectives are: to identify appropriate conflict transformation strategies and methods for protracted armed conflicts; to examine the ways and which youth could contribute to peacebuilding positively; to build a network of expertise on conflict transformation in the Middle East through workshops, conferences and other activities: to provide opportunities for research on cutting-edge peacebuilding issues for postgraduate students The project adopts a cross-cultural and community centred approach to identify the conflict transformation mechanisms used in Turkey and Palestine, and what they would mean to our understanding of conflict transformation in the West. Communities and youth are often marginalized from conflict transformation and peacebuilding processes despite the fact that their contribution is vital to ensure such processes succeed. The four components of the project are designed to complement each other. The research will be conducted in the UK, Turkey and the Palestinian Administered Areas over a three year period by ERs and ESRs. Findings will be shared among the partners and disseminated through a series of high profile international conferences involving key actors and stakeholders and academic and policy orientated publications. The collaboration provides the opportunity for all partners to strengthen and extend their networks. The ESRs will benefit from research training through organized courses and supervision from ERs and from the opportunity to travel and work with a wider range of people in an international context.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-CIG | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-CIG | Award Amount: 100.00K | Year: 2012

This research project aims to analyze the determinants of economic growth and development and specifically how the recent changes in the realm of finance affect the economic growth and development processes. It then aims to devise alternative economic policy suggestions based on the results of this analysis. The research will have a theoretical and an applied component that will focus on the Turkish economy. Advanced research methods such as economic modeling, empirical data analysis, and econometrics will be combined with a historical political economy analysis. The findings of the research will be presented at international conferences and distributed first as working papers and then will be submitted to leading academic journals. This research project is extremely timely given the financial turmoil that the world economy and within it the European economy is going through. There is very little economic research that can explain the reasons behind this financial turmoil, its relation to economic growth and alternative economic policies to overcome it. Hence, this research will contribute to European excellence and competitiveness by filling a very significant gap in the economics literature.Compared with the U.S. the studies on this topic has been relatively few and limited. However, the applicant has been one of the leading researchers in the U.S. working on the causes and consequences of financialization, published numerous peer reviewed journal articles, a book and many book chapters on the topic. He has also had the chance to work with and collaborate with the leading economists in the field during his stay in the U.S. All these qualifications make him the perfect candidate to study the topic with this grant. The host organization, Kadir Has University in Istanbul, will provide him with the necessary infrastructure and research opportunities, including a set of very dynamic economics faculty and research assistants to cooperate with.

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