Nakuru, Kenya
Nakuru, Kenya

Kabarak University is a purpose-built Christian based university on a 600-acre farm located 20 kilometres from Nakuru, Kenya , on the Nakuru–Eldama Ravine road in Kenya's Rift Valley. The campus features an outdoor swimming pool, sports areas, tree-shaded lawns and residential facilities for over 1,000 students. The university also operates a Town Campus in Nakuru, conveniently situated close to the commercial center of the town. Wikipedia.


Time filter

Source Type

Masika W.G.,Webuye Sub County Hospital | Masika W.G.,Kabarak University | O'Meara W.P.,Duke University | O'Meara W.P.,Duke Global Health Institute | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2017

Introduction: The clinical features of UTI in young children may not localize to the urinary tract and closely resemble other febrile illnesses. In malaria endemic areas, a child presenting with fever is often treated presumptively for malaria without investigation for UTI. Delayed or inadequate treatment of UTI increases the risk of bacteremia and renal scarring in young children and subsequently complications as hypertension and end stage renal disease in adulthood. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a hospital in western Kenya. Inpatients and outpatients 2 months to five years with axillary temperature ≥37.5°C and no antibiotic use in the previous week were enrolled between September 2012 and April 2013. Urine dipstick tests, microscopy, and cultures were done and susceptibility patterns to commonly prescribed antibiotics established. UTI was defined as presence of pyuria (a positive urine dipstick or microscopy test) plus a positive urine culture. Results: A total of 260 subjects were recruited; 45.8% were female and the median age was 25months (IQR: 13, 43.5). The overall prevalence of UTI was 11.9%. Inpatients had a higher prevalence compared to outpatients (17.9% v 7.8%, p = 0.027). UTI co-existed with malaria but the association was not significant (OR 0.80, p = 0.570). The most common organisms isolated were Escherichia coli (64.5%) and Staphylococcus aureus (12.9%) and were sensitive to ciproflaxin, cefuroxime, ceftriaxone, gentamycin and nitrofurantoin but largely resistant to more commonly used antibiotics such as ampicillin (0%), amoxicillin (16.7%), cotrimoxazole (16.7%) and amoxicillin-clavulinate (25%). Conclusion: Our study demonstrates UTI contributes significantly to the burden of febrile illness in young children and often co-exists with other infections. Multi-drug resistant organisms are common therefore choice of antimicrobial therapy should be based on local sensitivity pattern. © 2017 Masika et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Karie N.,University of Pretoria | Karie N.,Kabarak University | Venter H.,University of Pretoria
European Conference on Information Warfare and Security, ECCWS | Year: 2014

In recent times, the admissibility of potential digital evidence in any court of law is coming under increased scrutiny. This is aggravated by the fact that, the complexity of digital evidence is also increasing on a daily basis. Thus, convincing the court that the evidence presented is worthy of inclusion into any criminal process, the digital forensic experts require extensive technical knowledge and skills, including methodologies and specifications typically designed for producing quality digital evidence reports. This also implies that, the techniques, knowledge and skills used by the digital forensic experts during the preparation of digital evidence reports, should have the ability to convince the court on the validity, reliability and weight of the evidence captured during the investigation process. The methodologies used should also be able to assist the law enforcement agencies determine, with less effort, the admissibility of the digital evidence being reported. As of the time of this study, however, there exists a lack of a standardised or harmonised framework that have specifically been designed to help in the process of preparing quality digital evidence reports after an investigation has been conducted. This has, therefore, resulted in disparities on how digital evidence reports are prepared and presented in any court of law or civil proceedings. To address this disparity problem, a unified process equipped guidelines that meets some specified minimum requirements on how digital evidence reports should be prepared would be worthwhile. This paper, therefore, presents a step-by-step framework in an attempt to propose high-level guidelines that can be adapted to enhance the process of preparing digital evidence reports. The use of such a framework, for example, can be a stepping stone towards a harmonised process on how to prepare digital evidence reports for use in court or legal proceedings. Besides, such a framework can also assist the law enforcement agencies, for example, to determine, with less effort, the reliability, validity, weight and admissibility of any digital evidence included in the final reports.


Karie N.M.,University of Pretoria | Karie N.M.,Kabarak University | Venter H.S.,University of Pretoria
Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2015

Since its inception, over a decade ago, the field of digital forensics has faced numerous challenges. Despite different researchers and digital forensic practitioners having studied and analysed various known digital forensic challenges, as of 2013, there still exists a need for a formal classification of these challenges. This article therefore reviews existing research literature and highlights the various challenges that digital forensics has faced for the last 10 years. In conducting this research study, however, it was difficult for the authors to review all the existing research literature in the digital forensic domain; hence, sampling and randomization techniques were employed to facilitate the review of the gathered literature. Taxonomy of the various challenges is subsequently proposed in this paper based on our review of the literature. The taxonomy classifies the large number of digital forensic challenges into four well-defined and easily understood categories. The proposed taxonomy can be useful, for example, in future developments of automated digital forensic tools by explicitly describing processes and procedures that focus on addressing specific challenges identified in this paper. However, it should also be noted that the purpose of this paper was not to propose any solutions to the individual challenges that digital forensics face, but to serve as a survey of the state of the art of the research area. © 2015 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.


Too W.,Kabarak University | Watson M.,University of Nottingham | Harding R.,King's College | Seymour J.,University of Nottingham
BMC Palliative Care | Year: 2015

Background: Globally, the majority of people with HIV/AIDS live in sub-Saharan Africa. While the increasing availability of antiretroviral therapy is improving the outlook for many, its effects are yet to reach all of those in need and patients still present with advanced disease. This paper reports findings from qualitative interviews with patients living with AIDS and their caregivers who were receiving palliative care from Hospice Africa Uganda (HAU). We aimed to understand what motivated patients and their families to seek formal healthcare, whether there were any barriers to help- seeking and how the help and support provided to them by HAU was perceived. Methods: We invited patients with AIDS and their relatives who were newly referred to HAU to participate in qualitative interviews. Patients and carers were interviewed in their homes approximately four weeks after the patient's enrolment at HAU. Interviews were translated, transcribed and analysed using narrative and thematic approaches. Results: Interviews were completed with 22 patients (10 women and 12 men) and 20 family caregivers, nominated by patients. Interviews revealed the extent of suffering patients endured and the strain that family caregivers experienced before help was sought or accessed. Patients reported a wide range of severe physical symptoms. Patients and their relatives reported worries about the disclosure of the AIDS diagnosis and fear of stigma. Profound poverty framed all accounts. Poverty and stigma were, depending on the patient and family situation, both motivators and barriers to help seeking behaviour. Hospice services were perceived to provide essential relief of pain and symptoms, as well as providing rehabilitative support and a sense of caring. The hospice was perceived relieve utter destitution, although it was unable to meet all the expectations that patients had. Conclusion: Hospice care was highly valued and perceived to effectively manage problems such as pain and other symptoms and to provide rehabilitation. Participants noted a strong sense of being "cared for". However, poverty and a sense of stigma were widespread. Further research is needed to understand how poverty and stigma can be effectively managed in hospice care for patients for advanced AIDS and their families. © 2015 Too et al.


Thiga M.,Kabarak University
2016 IST-Africa Conference, IST-Africa 2016 | Year: 2016

This paper examines the use of Network-based location determination as an alternative to symbolic locations in the provision of location-based mobile advertising services using SMS and USSD. Two alternatives are explored; the use of reverse geo-coding and the use of coordinates to identify the locations of both users and providers. Both approaches are found to be feasible. However, the lack of a detailed geo-code database for use in reverse geo-coding as well as the lack of mobile network cooperation in the provision of user coordinates emerge as the main challenges to implementing the proposed model. © 2016 IIMC.


Kebenei J.S.,Kabarak University | Ndalut P.K.,Moi University | Sabah A.O.,Kenya Medical Research Institute
Journal of Medicinal Plants Research | Year: 2011

A Plasmodium falciparum in vitro drug sensitive study was conducted in order to evaluate artemisinin in combination with potential anti-malarial drug from the stem bark of Erythrina abyssinica. Abyssinone-v was isolated and thus identified as a potential partner for a fixed combination therapy. Bioassay guided chromatographic separation of Ethyl acetate extract of Erythrina abyssinica led to the isolation of Abyssinone-v with IC 50 value of 3.19 μg/ml against chloroquine-sensitive (D6) P. falciparum parasites. The structure of abyssinone-v was determined using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass spectroscopic technique. The interaction of artemisinin and abyssinone-v was analyzed using combination ratios of 10:90 to 90:10 respectively against P. falciparum parasites. This led to the identification of anti-malarial combination therapy of artemisinin and abyssinone-v with sum of fraction inhibiting concentration (FIC) of 0.79 at a ratio of 2:3, respectively. ©2011 Academic Journals.


Siror J.K.,Kabarak University | Kibet P.K.,Kabarak University
International Journal of RF Technologies: Research and Applications | Year: 2014

Demands for a more efficient clearance of human traffic and goods while addressing the ever increasing risks of terrorist, criminal and other illegal activities has become critical for government administrations especially in handling cross-border cargo and goods. Manual based methods are increasingly becoming overwhelming, ineffective and often lead to considerable delays. Thorough scrutiny in order to detect all violations often results in slower cargo clearance and pile-up of cargo. A compromise on the level of scrutiny has to be adopted so as to allow acceptable flow of cargo. Research therefore needs to be undertaken on solutions capable of addressing the twin problems of security and facilitation of faster flow of cargo. This paper proposes an intelligent border where RFID based cargo tracking solutions are used for transit cargo from port of entry to exit in order to facilitate passage without stoppage, checks or delays where no violations are observed during the trip. The business logic, design components and the requisite RFID infrastructure are discussed. Details of the simulations and simulation results that were used to test the design, business logic and work flow are provided. © 2014 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.


Kebenei J.S.,Kabarak University | Ndalut P.K.,Moi University | Sabah A.O.,Kenya Medical Research Institute
International Journal of Applied Research in Natural Products | Year: 2011

The decoction of the root bark of Carrisa edulis is used traditionally for treatment of malaria and other ailments. Plasmodium falcipurum in vitro drug sensitive study was conducted in order to evaluate the correlation between the ethno medicinal use and bioactivity of fractions and total extract of the plant. Methanolic extract of the root bark of carissa edulis showed anti-plasmodial activity against the chloroquin-senitive (D6) strains of plasmodium falciparum parasite with IC50 value of 1.95 Dg/ml. From this extract, a lignan compound nortrachelogenin was isolated and showed anti-plasmodium activity of 14.50 Dg/ml. The structure was determined on the basis of spectroscopic evidence. © 2011. IJARNP-HS Publication.


Karie N.M.,University of Pretoria | Karie N.M.,Kabarak University | Venter H.S.,University of Pretoria
Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2014

Ontologies are widely used in different disciplines as a technique for representing and reasoning about domain knowledge. However, despite the widespread ontology-related research activities and applications in different disciplines, the development of ontologies and ontology research activities is still wanting in digital forensics. This paper therefore presents the case for establishing an ontology for digital forensic disciplines. Such an ontology would enable better categorization of the digital forensic disciplines, as well as assist in the development of methodologies and specifications that can offer direction in different areas of digital forensics. This includes such areas as professional specialization, certifications, development of digital forensic tools, curricula, and educational materials. In addition, the ontology presented in this paper can be used, for example, to better organize the digital forensic domain knowledge and explicitly describe the discipline's semantics in a common way. Finally, this paper is meant to spark discussions and further research on an internationally agreed ontological distinction of the digital forensic disciplines. Digital forensic disciplines ontology is a novel approach toward organizing the digital forensic domain knowledge and constitutes the main contribution of this paper. © 2014 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.


PubMed | Kabarak University, University of Derby and King's College London
Type: | Journal: BMC palliative care | Year: 2015

Globally, the majority of people with HIV/AIDS live in sub-Saharan Africa. While the increasing availability of antiretroviral therapy is improving the outlook for many, its effects are yet to reach all of those in need and patients still present with advanced disease. This paper reports findings from qualitative interviews with patients living with AIDS and their caregivers who were receiving palliative care from Hospice Africa Uganda (HAU). We aimed to understand what motivated patients and their families to seek formal healthcare, whether there were any barriers to help- seeking and how the help and support provided to them by HAU was perceived.We invited patients with AIDS and their relatives who were newly referred to HAU to participate in qualitative interviews. Patients and carers were interviewed in their homes approximately four weeks after the patients enrolment at HAU. Interviews were translated, transcribed and analysed using narrative and thematic approaches.Interviews were completed with 22 patients (10 women and 12 men) and 20 family caregivers, nominated by patients. Interviews revealed the extent of suffering patients endured and the strain that family caregivers experienced before help was sought or accessed. Patients reported a wide range of severe physical symptoms. Patients and their relatives reported worries about the disclosure of the AIDS diagnosis and fear of stigma. Profound poverty framed all accounts. Poverty and stigma were, depending on the patient and family situation, both motivators and barriers to help seeking behaviour. Hospice services were perceived to provide essential relief of pain and symptoms, as well as providing rehabilitative support and a sense of caring. The hospice was perceived relieve utter destitution, although it was unable to meet all the expectations that patients had.Hospice care was highly valued and perceived to effectively manage problems such as pain and other symptoms and to provide rehabilitation. Participants noted a strong sense of being cared for. However, poverty and a sense of stigma were widespread. Further research is needed to understand how poverty and stigma can be effectively managed in hospice care for patients for advanced AIDS and their families.

Loading Kabarak University collaborators
Loading Kabarak University collaborators