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Pandit U.,Indian Agricultural Research Institute | Nain M.S.,Indian Agricultural Research Institute | Singh R.,Indian Agricultural Research Institute | Kumar S.,ICAR NIAP | Chahal V.P.,Kab Laboratories Inc.
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2017

India stands first in rice area and second in production, after China and contributes 21.5% of global rice production and faces stiff competition in the world markets for the export of scented rice. There is immense scope for India to take advantage of the new trade opportunities that sustain the export of scented rice and processed products of rice. This can be achieved only if production is made as per the consumer demands and requirements of international markets. GLOBAL GAP (earlier known as EUREPGAP) has established itself as a key reference for Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) in the global market place, by translating consumer requirements into agricultural production and the concerns and commitments of a wide range of stakeholders about food production and security, food safety, quality and the environmental sustainability of agriculture. Besides these it has social impacts as it takes care about workers health, safety and welfare. The study conducted in Karnal and Kurukshetra districts of Haryana state on basmati rice growers showed that the awareness and the adoption of the critical GAPs in basmati production system was at lowest ebb, whereas the benefits of adoption were well understood by the farmers. Awareness level of farmers about Good Agricultural Practices in basmati rice was found to be 58.33%, whereas adoption was only 27.41% which is even less than half of awareness level. Overall preparedness for adoption of GAP was 65.67%. The farmers posed potential challenges in the form of ill preparedness for adoption of GAPs in basmati rice which need to be looked into through policy interventions and extension efforts to reinforce the adoption process.


Mandal D.,Central Soil and Water Conservation Research and Training Institute | Sharda V.N.,Central Soil and Water Conservation Research and Training Institute | Sharda V.N.,Kab Laboratories Inc.
Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science | Year: 2011

An integrated bio-physical approach, taking into account a productivity index (PI) and erosion risk index (ERI), was deployed for the quantitative evaluation of land in Doon valley of India. The results indicated that the productivity index varied between 0.19 and 0.77 i.e. medium to very high inherent productivity. The productivity index (PI) was mainly affected by changes in available water content followed by soil depth, bulk density and pH. The erosion risk (ERI) was strongly affected by slope gradient and rainfall aggressiveness. In general, high and very high erosion risk was found (ERI varied between 0.39 to 0.85). A comprehensive erosion hazard management strategy was suggested for efficient management of present and future erosion debacle in the area.


Misra A.,Pharmacognosy and Ethnopharmacology Division | Srivastava S.,Pharmacognosy and Ethnopharmacology Division | Srivastava P.,CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute | Shukla P.,Pharmacognosy and Ethnopharmacology Division | And 2 more authors.
Industrial Crops and Products | Year: 2016

Phytogeographical variation has an impact on up/down regulation of secondary metabolites in medicinal plants. In the same context, present study was planned to evaluate the variation of forskolin content in Coleus forskohlii from Vidarbha region (Maharashtra), India having different topographical conditions. The chemotypic variation was further correlated with existing soil profile. The data revealed the similarity in morphological, macroscopic and microscopic characters of collected germplasms but there is significant (p < 0.05) variation in the content of chemical marker, forskolin. Physicochemical and phytochemical parameters are within the limits of API and serve as standard for commercial utility of samples. NBC-29 (Narkhed) and NBC-31 (Katol) are the first two high forskolin yielding samples, which are clustered together on the basis of forskolin content with similar soil profiles. Furthermore our study demonstrated that there is significant variation in available NPK and micronutrient content within the soil samples and may be reasoned for existing chemotypic variability in samples. Among the micronutrients, manganese and copper exhibit the positive correlation with forskolin.Thus, elite chemotype of C. forskohlii were identified among the samples collected from Vidarbha region and express the relevance of phyto-geographical conditions on the quantity of industrially viable metabolites, forskolin. This aids in site specific exploration of high metabolite yielding accession/samples to meet out the commercial demands and, supply and to promote the agriculture practices of this industrial crop for societal upliftment in area having similar phytogeographical locations. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.


Singh R.P.,Indian Veterinary Research Institute | Bandyopadhyay S.K.,Kab Laboratories Inc.
VirusDisease | Year: 2015

Peste des petits ruminants, a viral disease of small ruminants, the control of which is important for poverty alleviation and to ensure livelihood security in Asia, Middle East and Africa. In recognition of these issues, we developed and applied vaccine and diagnostics to demonstrate effective control of PPR during preceding 6 years in a sub-population of small ruminants in India. Two south Indian states, namely Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, strongly indicated possibility of PPR control with more than 90 % reduction in number of reported outbreaks of PPR, mostly through mass vaccination. Similarly, the situation at the national level also demonstrated a decline of more than 75 % in the number of reported outbreaks. Sharing these experiences may motivate other countries for similar initiatives leading to progressive control of PPR, which is in line with the initiatives of the organizations like FAO/OIE and the recent platforms on global PPR research alliance. © 2015, Indian Virological Society.


Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Navy | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 999.90K | Year: 2011

This proposal builds on earlier development activities by applying AFE concepts to the UHF MILSATCOM Channel Monitoring System. The UHF MILSATCOM Channel Monitoring System monitors quality of service (QoS) on UHF MILSATCOM channels, alerts operators to anomalies, supports space situational awareness, and records channel activity for analysis. With the application of AFE concepts to this system, signal activity can be automatically classified in near real-time on each of the UHF MILSATCOM channels. The classification data can then be used to support the identification of typical signal activity on the network as well as the presence of atypical signal activity, including interferers.


Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Navy | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 494.67K | Year: 2011

Under SBIR Topic N101-100 (Multi-Source Imagery and Geopositional Exploitation [MSIGE]), three Phase I performers developed capability concepts to address different aspects of the MSIGE problem set. In Phase 2, we propose to develop a prototype DCGS-N capability for Multi-INT ISR and Targeting Services (MITS) by developing three subsystems and integrating them under separate Phase II contracts. This approach will increase value to the DCGS-N PoR by providing a low-risk, rapidly transitionable, end-to-end capability. Three proposed subsystems: - STRIKE LINE (Ticom Geomatics) -- Sensor Cueing, Data Publish and Subscribe, Wide Area Network (WAN) Distributor -- MITS System Engineering and Integration Lead - VISION (KAB Labs) -- Presentation Layer, Local Area Network (LAN) Distributor, Video Processing Framework, Video/Multi-INT Indexing/Search - AFOS (Mosaic ATM) -- Geolocalization, FMV Metadata Decoder, Metadata Accuracy Enhancement, Feature Projection into Full Motion Video (FMV) MITS will provide the following high level capabilities for DCGS-N: - Cue imagery sensors with geopositional data to collect FMV on targets of interest - Combine FMV with other target data, provide an integrated display - Improve geopositional accuracy of objects in analyst-selected FMV - Index video repositories for rapid searching, near real-time, and post mission analysis - Distribute enhanced multi-INT data products


Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Navy | Program: STTR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 99.96K | Year: 2010

Synthetic scenario-based training of Navy personnel in the use of Navy SIGINT/IO systems has helped to reduce training costs, and it has enabled the personnel to be trained in an environment that sufficiently approximates real-world situations that could not otherwise be accomplished within the class room. However, scenario development is highly complex and involves a great deal of human effort and domain knowledge, discouraging the modification of existing scenarios to keep them current in an ever-changing threat environment. This problem is exacerbated when the scenario represents a combination of multiple data sources. The proposed research will show that the use of static models and companion correlation modules during scenario creation will reduce the complexity of scenario development and reduce the domain knowledge required. Static models can be devised to encapsulate domain knowledge for a particular data source, and correlation can be used to fuse the output from each static model to produce a cohesive scenario. To enable autonomic generation and regeneration of multi-source scenarios, the proposed research will also address service composibility and data heterogeneity among the participating static models and correlation modules. Finally, the proposed research will investigate human-computer interfaces for guiding the scenario developer through the autonomic process.


Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Navy | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 99.99K | Year: 2010

Full Motion Video (FMV), as a subset of Imagery Intelligence (IMINT), is an important accelerator in the Find, Fix, Track, Target, Engage, and Assess (F2T2EA) process. It can provide behavioral cues for a target that are difficult to discern from still images or non-visual sensor reporting alone. But, the natural form of video has several problems: it is cumbersome to review; it is bandwidth intensive to distribute; and it is not smartly integrated with a Common Operational Picture (COP). In addition, when it comes to supporting Time Sensitive Targeting (TST), slow analytical processes result in missed opportunities This Multi-Source Imagery and Geopositional Exploitation (MSIGE) SBIR response makes near real-time assessment, alerting and reporting between Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) and IMINT easier to perform. The proposed solution will provide innovative techniques to rapidly correlate geopositional data with FMV.


Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Navy | Program: STTR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 493.21K | Year: 2012

Synthetic scenario-based training of Navy personnel in the use of Navy SIGINT/IO systems has helped to reduce training costs, and it has enabled the personnel to be trained in an environment that sufficiently approximates real-world situations that could not otherwise be accomplished within the classroom. However, scenario development is highly complex and involves a great deal of human effort and domain knowledge, discouraging the modification of existing scenarios to keep them current in an ever-changing threat environment. This problem is exacerbated when the scenario represents a combination of multiple data sources. The proposed Phase II effort will leverage the positive results from the Phase I research to develop a fieldable Scenario Generator able to output Stallion-ready training scenarios. The Scenario Generator will make use of data-driven static models developed during Phase I, which significantly reduced scenario creation time and reduced the domain knowledge required. The Phase I research showed that domain knowledge, encapsulated within selected data source, could be used to drive static models, and that those static models could be orchestrated such that their output produces a cohesive, multiple-Intelligence (Multi-INT) scenario.


PubMed | Indian Veterinary Research Institute and Kab Laboratories Inc.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Virusdisease | Year: 2015

Peste des petits ruminants, a viral disease of small ruminants, the control of which is important for poverty alleviation and to ensure livelihood security in Asia, Middle East and Africa. In recognition of these issues, we developed and applied vaccine and diagnostics to demonstrate effective control of PPR during preceding 6years in a sub-population of small ruminants in India. Two south Indian states, namely Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, strongly indicated possibility of PPR control with more than 90% reduction in number of reported outbreaks of PPR, mostly through mass vaccination. Similarly, the situation at the national level also demonstrated a decline of more than 75% in the number of reported outbreaks. Sharing these experiences may motivate other countries for similar initiatives leading to progressive control of PPR, which is in line with the initiatives of the organizations like FAO/OIE and the recent platforms on global PPR research alliance.

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