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Prabhakar V.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science | Sandhu S.V.,Genesis Research Institute
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology Extra

Dentigerous cysts are benign odontogenic cysts that arise from the dental follicle of an unerupted or developing tooth. They are the second most common odontogenic cysts after radicular cysts. Multiple dentigerous cysts have been reported on occasion in association with syndromes such as cleidocranial dysplasia, mucopolysaccharidosis and basal cell nevus syndrome. We report the clinical and radiologic findings of bilateral maxillary dentigerous cysts in a nonsyndromic 10-year-old boy, a condition that, to our knowledge has only been reported twice. The importance of early diagnosis and management is highlighted. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Gupta R.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science | Singla R.K.,Government of Punjab
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research

During the routine undergraduate dissection of the thyroid gland of a 50 year old male cadaver, multiple anomalies in the morphology and the blood supply of the thyroid gland were encountered. These were in the form of the absence of the thyroid isthmus, the presence of the pyramidal lobe and levator glandulae thyroidae on the right side and the bilateral absence of the superior thyroid artery, the gland being supplied solely by the inferior thyroid arteries which came out as the branches of the thyrocervical trunk. Agenesis of the isthmus can be associated with other types of dysorganogenesis, such as the absence of a lobe or the presence of ectopic thyroid tissue and hence, in clinical practice, when such a condition is diagnosed, it is necessary to perform a differential diagnosis against other pathologies such as autonomous thyroid nodule, thyroiditis, etc. The knowledge of various developmental anomalies of the gland and the variations in the neurovascular relations helps the surgeon in the better planning of a safe and effective surgery. Source

Mahajan A.,Mahatma Gandhi Vidya Mandirs Karmaveer Bhausaheb Hiray Dental College and Hospitall | Ganvir S.M.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital | Hazarey V.K.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital | Mahajan M.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology

We report a case of recurrent chondrosarcoma of the maxilla in a 29 yr old male patient. The lesion presented as a small diffuse swelling on the left maxillary anterior region which had progressed over a period of one year. On aspiration, a chondromyxoid matrix was noted with cells arranged singly or in groups. Bi and tri-nucleation was noted with a moderate degree of nuclear pleomorphism. A diagnosis of well differentiated chondrosarcoma was made which was confirmed on histopathology. The clinicopathological findings of this case and a review of chondrosarcoma is presented and discussed. Source

Singh H.P.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science | Guram N.,Swami Devi Dyal Hospital and Dental College
North American Journal of Medical Sciences

Background: Plagiarism is stealing of some others work or idea without proper citation. It is one of the biggest challenges faced by the scholarly world and by far a grim form of delinquency in academics. Aim: The study was designed to explore the knowledge and attitudes of dental professionals toward plagiarism. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire having 14 questions was sent either via e-mails or by sending printed copies to 5000 dental professionals, while maintaining anonymity of all the participants. Result: Most of the dental professionals know about plagiarism, and they believe that plagiarism cannot be avoided successfully. Pressure to publish was a major reason along with several others, which accounts for more and more indulgence in plagiarism. At the same time lack of facilities in private institutions and lack of funding for research work were the major factors as well, which hinder in creating research environment and hence promotes plagiarism and false studies to publish it. Conclusion: Plagiarism is present in dental professionals and that significant reduction can only be brought by awareness, objective check methods and stringent punishment. Plagiarism and other forms of academic misconduct must be recognized and must not be tolerated. Source

Singla S.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science | Prabhakar V.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science | Singla R.K.,Government of Punjab
Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice

Background: Trigeminal neuralgia typically involves nerves supplying teeth, jaws and face of older females. Though the etiology is usually obscure, different treatment modalities have been tried for it viz. medicinal treatment, injection alcohol, peripheral neurectomy, rhizotomy, and microvascular decompression etc. Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) is an emerging and promising option for management of such patients. Aims and Design: The present study was designed with an aim to study the efficacy of TENS in management of trigeminal neuralgia. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 30 patients of trigeminal neuralgia confirmed by diagnostic nerve block. They were given bursts of TENS for 20-40 days over the path of the affected nerve and subsequently evaluated at 1 month and 3 month intervals by visual analogue scale (VAS), verbal pain scale (VPS), a functional outcome scales for main daily activities like sleep, chewing, talking, or washing face. Results: The results showed that, on VAS, the score decreased from 8.9 (Pre TENS) to 3.1 at 1 month and 1.3 at 3 months, and on VPS, the score decreased from 3.5 (Pre TENS) to 1.2 at 1 month and 0.3 at 3 months. Similarly, a considerable decrease in scores was seen on functional outcome scale for different activities. No side effects like irritation or redness of skin were seen in any of the patients. Conclusions: Thus, TENS was found to be a safe, easily acceptable, and non-invasive outdoor patient department procedure for management of trigeminal neuralgia. Source

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