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Annandale, VA, United States

Grant
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services | Branch: | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 671.43K | Year: 1993

THE LONG-TERM OBJECTIVE IS THE DEVELOPMENT OF A NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT TOOL FOR ETHNIC POPULATIONS, UTILIZING COMPUTER AND CD-ROM TECHNOLOGY. THE SYSTEM WILL IMPROVE UPON CONVENTIONAL DIETARY ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY, ASSEMBLE NUTRIENT COMPOSITION DATA FOR ETTNIC FOODS, AND ELIMINATE LANGUAGE BARRIERS. RESPONDENTS SELF-REPORT DIRECTLY TO THE COMPUTER IN AN UNINTIMIDATING, ENJOYABLE MANNER, INCREASING THE LIKELIHOOD OF VALID REPORTING. THE SOFTWARE FEATURES DETAILED FULL-COLOR VIDEO DISPLAYS OF FOOD GROUPINGS AND INDIVIDUAL FOODS. AUDIO MESSAGES WILL BE ADDED TO PROVIDE PROMPTS AND INSTRUCTIONS. INSTRUCTIONS, FOOD NAMES, AND COOKING METHODS ARE PRESENTED BOTH VISUALLY AND IN BILINGUAL TEXT AND AUDIO MESSAGE. THE INCORPORATION OF A NUTRIENT DATABASE OF ETHNIC FOODS DIRECTLY INTO SOFTWARE ELIMINATES THE TIME CONSUMING AND TEDIOUS PROCESS OF CODING. SPECIFICALLY, IN PHASE I, THE INVESTIGATORS DEVELOPED A PROTOTYPE PROGRAM WITH A PICTORIAL NUTRIENT DATABASE FOR HISPANIC USE. IN PHASE II, THE ASSESSMENT PROGRAM WILL BE FULLY DEVELOPED AND TESTED AMONG THREE MAJOR HISPANIC GROUPS--MEXICANS, PUERTO RICANS AND CUBAN AMERICANS.


Grant
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services | Branch: | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 273.00K | Year: 1987

THE PRIMARY OBJECTIVE OF THIS PROJECT IS TO DEVELOP AND TEST INTERACTIVE MICROCOMPUTER SOFTWARE FOR A SELF-REPORTED DIETARY ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENT. THE FRAMEWORK FOR DIETARY ASSESSMENT IS A STEPWISE FOOD GROUP SELECTION AND QUANTIFICATION OF THE RESPONDENT'S USUAL (OR TIME REFERENCED) INTAKE THIS PROJECT IS AIMED AT SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS OF RESPONDENT BURDEN, RELIABILITY, VALIDITY, AND TIMELINESS OF DATA REPORTING THROUGH THE APPLICATION OF MICROCOMPUTER TECHNOLOGY TO AN IMPROVED QUESTIONNAIRE DESIGN. THE SOFTWARE TO BE DEVELOPED IN PHASE I WILL HAVE THE FOLLOWING FEATURES, WHICH ARE MARKED IMPROVEMENTS OVER CURRENT METHODS:QUERIES INCLUDING QUALITY ESTIMATIONS ARE PRESENTED TO RESPONDENTS IN A UNIFORM WAY. SINCE RESPONDENTS INTERACT WITH PERSONAL COMPUTERS DIRECTLY, INTERVIEWER VARIABILITY AND POSSIBLE BIAS ARE CODING AND QUANTITY CONVERSIONS ARE COMPUTER GENERATED, THEREBY ELIMINATING A TEDIOUS, TIME CONSUMING PROCESS, AS WELL AS CODING ERRORS. FRAMES OF QUESTIONS ARE MODULAR, AND CAN BE PRESENTED TO RESPONDENTS IN A SELECTIVE FASHION, DEPENDING ON STUDY NEEDS AND FOOD ILLUSTRATIONS, RATHER THAN TEXT LISTINGS, SERVE AS SELECTION CUES, THUS INCREASING THE VISUAL APPEAL OF THE PROGRAM. THE ABOVE FEATURES WILL BE FULLY DEVELOPED AND TESTED IN PHASE II OF THIS PROPOSED PROJECT.


Grant
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services | Branch: | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 50.00K | Year: 1987

N/A


Grant
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services | Branch: | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 498.81K | Year: 1990

THE OVERALL GOAL OF THIS PROJECT IS TO DEVELOP A COMPUTER-BASED HEALTH PROMOTIONAL TOOL FOR IMPROVING DIETARYPRACTICES TO REDUCE CANCER RISK. THE TOOL WILL BE DESIGNED AS A SELF-PACED EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION THAT CAN BE USED BYEMPLOYEES IN THE WORKSITE. SPECIFICALLY, IN PHASE I, THE PROGRAM CONTENT WILL BE DEFINED, THE INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEM WILL BE DESIGNED, AND A COMPONENT OF THE COMPUTER-BASED INSTRUCTION WILL BE PROGRAMMED IN FOXBASE+/MAC(TM) FOR DEMONSTRATION. THE PROGRAM WILL RUN ON THE MACINTOSH PLUS, SE, OR MAC II MICROCOMPUTER.


Grant
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services | Branch: | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 49.87K | Year: 1990

N/A

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