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Hwaseong, South Korea

Myoung H.-J.,Jung San Bio Technology | Kim G.,Jung San Bio Technology | Nam K.-W.,Jung San Bio Technology | Nam K.-W.,Korea University
Archives of Pharmacal Research | Year: 2010

Energy balance is monitored by the hypothalamus, which responds to peripheral signals by releasing neuropeptides that regulate energy intake and expenditure. In this study, we constructed pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) and "cocaine and amphetamine-related transcript" (CART) promoter-driven luciferase plasmids and transformed them permanently into both N29-2 neuronal cells and human SHSY5Y cells. Using reporter gene assays, we identified apigenin from the seeds of Perilla frutescens Britton var crispa (Benth.) using activity-guided fractionation. The 50% promoting concentrations (EC 50) of apigenin on POMC and CART were 0.93 μM and 0.67 μM, respectively, in N29-2 cells, without significant cytotoxic effects. Shortterm food intake was decreased in C57BL/6J mice after an intraperitoneal injection of apigenin (10 mg/kg; p < 0.05). Food intake and body weight gain for 30 days were also reduced slightly in mice fed a high-fat diet containing apigenin (0.05%, w/w; p < 0.05). These results indicate that apigenin increased POMC and CART gene expression in neuronal cells and significantly reduced food intake in C57BL/6 mice, which may be related to the anorexigenic neuropeptides POMC and CART. Source


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Baekoksaeng Co., Jung San Bio Technology and Jeong San Ind. Co. | Date: 1999-02-16

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Kim S.-J.,Jung San Bio Technology | Lee Y.H.,Jung San Bio Technology | Han M.-D.,Soonchunhyang University | Mar W.,Seoul National University | And 4 more authors.
Archives of Pharmacal Research | Year: 2010

Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and agouti-related protein (AgRP) have powerful stimulatory effects on food intake, which suggests that the downregulation of brain NPY or AgRP may help reduce obesity and diabetes by inhibiting food intake. To search for active compounds that inhibit NPY and AgRP expression, we made two luciferase reporter assay systems consisting of NPY and AgRP promoter-driven luciferase genes, together with the puromycin resistance gene, in a plasmid vector. Each plasmid was permanently transfected into N29-4 neuronal cells. Using the systems, resveratrol was purified from the stem of Vitis coignetiae Pulliat by activityguided fractionation. Resveratrol downregulated NPY and AgRP promoter-driven luciferase activity in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibitory concentrations (IC50, 50% inhibition) of resveratrol against pNPY-luc and pAgRP-luc activities were 8.9 μM and 8.0 μM, respectively. Furthermore, one-time intraperitoneal injection of resveratrol (100 mg/kg) suppressed 20.0% and 17.2% of food intake during 24 and 48 h, respectively. These results indicated that resveratrol inhibited food intake, which may be related to the downregulation of NPY and AgRP gene expression. © 2010 The Pharmaceutical Society of Korea and Springer Netherlands. Source


Kim E.-H.,Jung San Bio Technology | Son R.-H.,Jung San Bio Technology | Myoung H.-J.,Jung San Bio Technology | Mar W.,Seoul National University | And 4 more authors.
Biomolecules and Therapeutics | Year: 2010

Appetite is inhibited by the anorexigenic neuropeptides POMC (proopiomelanocortin) and CART (cocaine-amphetamine-regulated transcript) in the hypothalamus. The present study was performed to examine the inhibitory effects of baicalin against food intake and the upregulation of POMC/CART. Short-term food intake (48 h) was significantly inhibited by treatment with baicalin (10 mg/kg, p<0.05) in C57BL/6 mice. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that baicalin upregulated POMC and CART levels in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus. These effects were also examined using an in vitro system. pPOMC-Luc or pCART-Luc plasmids were transformed into mouse N29-2 neuronal and human SH-SY5Y cells, and the activities of baicalin were examined in these cells. Baicalin increased POMC and CART promoter-driven luciferase activity in a dose-dependent manner without cytotoxic effects. These results suggest that baicalin downregulates short-term food intake while upregulating POMC and CART expression. Source

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