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Lausanne, Switzerland

Clarke L.A.L.,University of Lausanne | Guex-Crosier Y.,Jules Gonin Eye Hospital | Hofer M.,University of Lausanne
Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology | Year: 2013

Objectives The aim of the present study is to investigate the demographics, aetiologies, complications, treatments and visual outcomes in paediatric uveitis patients in the French-speaking part of Switzerland. Methods Chart review of all patients diagnosed with uveitis before the age of 16 years, presenting to two tertiary referral centres (uveitis and paediatric rheumatology clinics) in Lausanne, Switzerland, between 2000 and 2009. Results Seventy-nine children (37 girls) were identified, 62 living in Switzerland, 15 in Europe and 2 in North Africa. Median age at first symptoms was 9.0 years (range 1.5-15.8 years), with a median follow-up time of 1.8 years (0-8 years). Both eyes were involved in 51 patients (64.6%). The course was acute in 30.4%, chronic in 60.8% and recurrent in 8.9%. Anterior uveitis occurred in 39.2%, intermediate in 32.9%, posterior in 22.8% and panuveitis in 5.1%. The three main diagnoses were idiopathic uveitis (34.2%), JIA-related uveitis (22.8%) and toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis (15.2%). During the last follow-up visit, the visual acuity (VA) was =8/10 in 72% of all eyes with a measurable VA. Cataract (8%), ocular hypert-ension/glaucoma (8%) and macular fibrosis (4%) were the three most common severe complications. Systemic steroids were given to 56% and biological agents to 24% of patients with inflammatory uveitis. Conclusion Uveitis in children can be a devastating disease. A strict classification of aetiologies and a tight collaboration between paediatric rheumatologists and ophthalmologists are important to ensure early control of ocular inflammation and improve long-term visual prognosis. ©Copyright Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology 2013.

Vincent A.,University of Toronto | Munier F.L.,Jules Gonin Eye Hospital | Vandenhoven C.C.,University of Toronto | Wright T.,University of Toronto | And 2 more authors.
Retina | Year: 2012

Purpose: To describe the clinical, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and electrophysiological features of C1QTNF5-associated late-onset retinal degeneration in a molecularly confirmed pedigree. Methods: Five members of a family participated, and affected individuals (n = 4) underwent detailed ophthalmologic evaluation including fundus autofluorescence and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography imaging and electroretinography. Electrooculography was performed in three individuals. Results: The visual acuity was initially normal and worsened with time. Anterior segment abnormalities included peripupillary iris atrophy and long anterior insertion of zonules. Peripapillary atrophy, drusenoid deposition, and scalloped sectorial chorioretinal atrophy were observed in all older individuals (n = 3). Fundus autofluorescence demonstrated hypofluorescent areas corresponding to regions of chorioretinal atrophy. The spectral-domain optical coherence tomography demonstrated multiple areas of retinal pigment epithelium-Bruch membrane separation with intervening homogeneous deposition that corresponded to the drusenoid lesions and areas of chorioretinal atrophy. Electrooculography was normal in one individual and showed abnormally low dark trough measures in older individuals (n = 2). Electroretinography was normal in early stages (n = 1), but showed marked abnormalities in the rod system (n = 3), which was predominantly inner retinal (n = 2) in late stages. Conclusion: Late-onset retinal degeneration is a progressive degeneration, and anterior segment abnormalities present early. The widespread sub-retinal pigment epithelium deposition seen on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in older individuals appears to be a characteristic in late stages. Electrooculography demonstrates abnormalities only in late stages of the disease.

Slavotinek A.M.,University of California at San Francisco | Chao R.,University of California at San Francisco | Vacik T.,La Jolla Salk Institute | Yahyavi M.,University of California at San Francisco | And 8 more authors.
Human Mutation | Year: 2012

Vax1 and Vax2 have been implicated in eye development and the closure of the choroid fissure in mice and zebrafish. We sequenced the coding exons of VAX1 and VAX2 in 70 patients with anophthalmia/microphthalmia (A/M). In VAX1, we observed homozygosity for two successive nucleotide substitutions c.453G>A and c.454C>A, predicting p.Arg152Ser, in a proband of Egyptian origin with microphthalmia, small optic nerves, cleft lip/palate, and corpus callosum agenesis. This mutation affects an invariant residue in the homeodomain of VAX1 and was absent from 96 Egyptian controls. It is likely that the mutation results in a loss of function, as the mutation results in a phenotype similar to the Vax1 homozygous null mouse. We did not identify any mutations in VAX2. This is the first description of a phenotype associated with a VAX1 mutation in humans and establishes VAX1 as a new causative gene for A/M. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Abramson D.H.,Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | Abramson D.H.,Cornell University | Shields C.L.,Thomas Jefferson University | Munier F.L.,Jules Gonin Eye Hospital
JAMA Ophthalmology | Year: 2015

The management of intraocular retinoblastoma is rapidly changing, and even recent reviews on the subject are behind existing practices. The 4 authors of this report collectively represent their management strategies with an emphasis on areas of agreement and disagreement. Ophthalmic artery chemosurgery and intravitreous chemotherapy have completely replaced external beam radiotherapy, reduced the use of systemic chemotherapy, and diminished enucleations by 90% without evidence of compromising patient survival. © 2015 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.

Sharkawi E.,Jules Gonin Eye Hospital | Oleszczuk J.D.,Jules Gonin Eye Hospital | Holder G.E.,Moorfields Eye Hospital | Holder G.E.,University College London | Raina J.,Middlesex University
Documenta Ophthalmologica | Year: 2012

To report a case of clinical and electrophysiological recovery in Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) with G3460A Mutation. A 10-year-old boy with a three-month history of painless bilateral sequential visual loss upon presentation underwent visual acuity (diminished), anterior and posterior segment examination (normal), fluorescein angiography (normal), Goldman kinetic perimetry (bilateral central scotomata), genetic (a point G3460A mutation) and electrophysiological investigation (undetectable pattern visual evoked potentials (VEP); low amplitude, broadened and reduced flash VEPs and loss of the N95 component in the pattern electroretinograms). Diagnosis of LHON was made. Eighteen months later vision and electrophysiological tests results began spontaneously improving. Kinetic perimetry revealed reduced density and size of scotomata. Two years later, there had been further electrophysiological improvement. This report describes both clinical and electrophysiological improvement in LHON with G3460A mutation. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.

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